Alexander Freeman

Alexander Freeman nsIn science, Alexander Freeman (1838-1897) was English mathematician, a correspondent of James Maxwell and Willard Gibbs, and translator of the 1878 English edition of Joseph Fourier’s 1822 Analytical Theory of Heat, to which he added in various original notes on the life and work of Fourier. [1] Freeman was also one of the editors of one of the first English translations of French chemist Antoine Lavoisier’s Elements of Chemistry. [2]

Maxwell’s thermodynamic surface
Freeman, it seems, was the first to tell American engineer Willard Gibbs about the clay model water statute that Irish physicist James Maxwell had made, after spending an entire winter on it, based on Gibbs 1873 graphical thermodynamics papers. In February 18th, 1875 letter to Gibbs, Freeman states: [3]

“You will be gratified to hear that Prof. Maxwell has made a clay model of your thermodynamic surface wherein entropy, energy, and volume are the three coordinates, and is able to explain a great deal by it.”

Freeman graduated Fifth Wrangler in 1861 from St. John’s College, Cambridge in 1861 and completed an M.A. there in 1864. He was a member of the London Mathematical Society from 1866 to 1891. [4] At St. John’s College, he was examiner for the mathematical Tripos in 1874 and 1875 and acted as deputy for the Plumian professor of astronomy from 1880 to 1882. [5] In 1883, Freeman was editor of the third edition of Charles Cheyne’s Planetary theory, in which listed himself as M.A., F.R.A.S. rector of Murston, Kent and late fellow of St. John’s College, Cambridge.” [6]

1. Fourier, Joseph and Freeman, Alexander (translator) (1878). The Analytical Theory of Heat, English translation with Notes. Cambridge University Press.
2. Alexander Freeman (1838-1897) – WorldCat Identities.
3. Freeman, Alexander. (1875). “Letter to J. W. Gibbs”, Feb 18; in J.W. Gibbs, Scientific Correspondence, 86. Beinecke Rare book and manuscript Library, Yale University Library.
4. Alexander Freeman (members) – London Mathematical Society.
5. Anon. (1897). “Obituary: Rev. Alexander Freeman”, Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society (pg. 586). London Mathematical Society.
6. Cheyne, Charles and Freeman, Alexander. (1883). An Elementary Treatise on Planetary Theory. Cambridge University Press.

External links
‚óŹ Alexander Freeman (mathematician) – Wikipedia.

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