Anagram

An Abundance of Katherines (draft notes)
An artistic rendition or recreation of the likely (or actual) notes used by American writer John Green in the development of his 2006 anagram filled and equation of love themed book An Abundance of Katherines, in which names such Katherine Carter are anagrammatized to a significant effect. [9]
In language, an anagram is a derived word, word play, or new name made out of the letters of another more common name or word. In hmolscience, a term which itself is a portmanteau of hmol (shorthand for "human mole") and science, curiously, there are a number of anagrammatists who have employed anagrams in their name or work, some of which are summarized below.

Akhenaten | Amen-hotep IV
In c.1350BC, Egyptian pharao Akhenaten, the son of Amen-hetep III, who was born Amen-hotep IV (or Amen-hetep IV), meaning “u is satisfied” (Ѻ), but in adulthood, to embody his switch from Amen-Ra henotheism to Aten monotheism, changed his name to Akhenaten, written in hieroglyphics as:

Akhenaten

meaning “effective for Aten (or sun disc)”, which has been rendered variously as: Khu-en-aten (Cooper, 1877), Khut-en-Aten (Budge, 1904), Akhnaton (Weigall, 1923), Ikhnaton (Freud, 1939), among other variants.

While not necessarily an "anagram", per se, the switch in names evidenced here is a common theme to many who attempt to tamper with deeply rooted powers of belief, whether on going from henotheism to monotheism (Akhenaten, c.1350BC), trinity-based monotheism to monotheism (Newton, c.1665), monotheism to deism (Voltaire, 1718), deism to atheism (anons, 19th), or atheism to zerotheism (e.g. Thims, 2005), among others.

Hamlet | Amleth
English author William Shakespeare used anagrams among other forms of word play. His 1599 tragedy Hamlet, e.g., is considered an anagrammatic name of the Danish prince Amleth. [1]

Newton | Jeova Sanctus Unus
English physicist Isaac Newton (1643-1727) used the perfect anagram “Jeova Sanctus Unus”, derived from this Latin name Isaacus Neuutonus, which means or is code for “religion science”, where “Jeova” is a version of YHWH, one of older the biblical names of God, “Sanctus” means “holy” or great, and “Unus”, means “one”, hence:

Isaac Newton = Isaacus Neuutonus (Latin) = Jeova Sanctus Unus (anagram) = one holy god or god, the holy one (coded translation)

The Hebrew version of YHWH or Jeova, to note, has its etymological roots in the Egyptian god Aten (although it is doubtful Newton knew of this, as hieroglyphics were still a mystery in Newton’s time), and Sanctus, beyond its Latin meaning of holy, may have more a hidden meaning in Newton’s mind, being that it relates to a number a Biblical tales and hymns. Some speculate that Newton used the anagram to represent his Unitarian (as opposed to the Trinitarian belief) belief system; others that he intended the term to signify something to do with gravity; others, such as biographer James Gleick, that he was searching for a way to explain the “spirit” in the context of a natural mechanical universe. [5]

Boyle | BR
Irish chemist Robert Boyle published his 1676 article "Of the Incalescence of Quicksilver with Gold", read by Newton at the Royal Society, using the inverted initials B.R., which Newton, of course, recognized. [5]

Voltaire | Arovet Li
The name of French thinker "Voltaire" (originally François Marie Arouet), which the author adopted in 1718, is an anagram of "AROVET LI," the Latinized spelling of his surname, Arouet, and the initial letters of "le jeune" ("the younger"). The name also echoes in reverse order the syllables of the name of a family château in the Poitou region: "Airvault". The adoption of the name "Voltaire" following his incarceration at the Bastille is seen by many to mark Voltaire's formal separation from his family and his past.

Volnay | Voltaire + Ferney
The surname of French religio-mythology philosopher Constantin Volney, was born first with surname “Boisgirais”, after his father’s estate, but afterwards assumed the name of Volney, a portmanteau of Voltaire, the philosopher, and Ferney (Ѻ), a town in eastern France were Voltaire resided.

Otto | Cipher
See main: Otto (cryptography)
German polymath Johann Goethe frequently used anagrams and word play in his writings, the most hidden nature of which was his use of the German name Otto, used anagrammatically for the root of the four main characters of his 1809 Elective Affinities, the mysterious use of which has been subject to much speculation and theory explication. Germanic studies professor Astrida Tantillo notes that it has frequently been pointed out that the four main characters as well as the child that is born share the same root name "Otto". Both Eduard and the Captain were called OTTO in youth; the two women CharlOTTE and OTTilie, have related names; and the misfortune child born out of the "mental" double adultery (or double elective affinity) of the four main characters (reactants) is called Otto. Opinions differ as to why Goethe used this naming riddle, but the modern chemical view would argue that Goethe intended the reader to grasp the logic that each person is a different type of "human chemical" (or human molecule) in essence.

Thomson | PQR
Irish-born Scottish mathematical physicist William Thomson, at the age of seventeen, published his first three mathematical papers in the Cambridge Mathematical Journal, using the cryptic initials P.Q.R., which, according to his biographer David Lindley, have no particular meaning except that they are often used as a triplet of variables in three dimensional mathematical problems. [6]

Maxwell | θΔcs
Scottish physicist James Maxwell used a style of coded phonetic anagramming in his postcard correspondences with Peter Tait and William Thomson, specifically using coded Greek letters to represent the term ‘thermo-dynamics’ (θΔcs or θΔ). During his early school years, at the Edinburg Academy at the age of 10 (1841), Maxwell frequently wrote to his father in zany letters filled with puns and misspellings, embellished with elaborate doodles, and containing secret messages in different colored inks. [2]

Maxwell | JCM
Maxwell, amid his secret code letter writing circle, with Peter Tait and William Thomson (see: θ∆ics), would sometimes sign his letters, articles, and post cards as follows:

dp dt

which, is the analytical equivalent of the thermodynamical quantity JCM (and to James Clerk Maxwell's initials); such as reported by his existographer Lewis Campbell (1882); meaning: [11]

dp dt = JCM

The equation first appears in Peter Tait's 1868 Sketch of Thermodynamics (§162, eq. 4; pg. 91), in the following form, which Tait defines, specifically, as the second law of thermodynamics:

JCM (Tait, 1868)

Maxwell, shortly thereafter, took notice of the equation, and began using the dp/dt signature, first used in an Apr 1870 letter to William Thomson, and thereafter to Tait and various witty publications in Nature.

In 1964, physicist David MacDonald, in his Faraday, Maxwell, and Kelvin, stated that the derivative dp/dt would now be written more correctly written as: (∂p/∂t)v, and that it is one of Maxwell’s four thermodynamic relations derived by him in Theory of Heat (pgs. 165-69) from the geometry of isothermal and adiabatic curves; now commonly derived from the equality of the mixed second derivatives of the various thermodynamic potentials. [11]

In 1970, American science historian Martin Klein, in an appendix section “On Maxwell’s Signature”, citing Macdonald, devotes two pages to a discussion of Maxwell and his derivative signature, which he surmises that Maxwell meant as not only his own initials, but also "the second law of thermodynamics itself", as Klein puts it, where J is the mechanical equivalent of heat, C is Carnot's universal function, depending on temperature, and M is the “coefficient of proportionality, the heat absorbed per unit volume change in an isothermal expansion”. [12]

Sidis
American super high IQ child prodigy William James Sidis (person behind the film Good Will Hunting), who himself is named after American reserve energy psychologist William James, used pseudonyms in all of his publications (all except his The Animate and the Inanimate, which he felt confident about), such as Barry Mulligan, Parker Greene, Jacob Marmor, Barry Mulligan, John W. Shattuck, and Frank Folupa, five of which are recognized by the Library of Congress. The majority of them, all except, supposedly, Frank Folupa, the name he used as the author of his Notes on the Collection of Transfers, which has been argued to be some type of coded anagram, are names of actual people who had contributed to society, but were mostly unknown. Sidis biographer Dan Mahony guesses that Frank Folupa equates to “French fallu pas”, meaning not practical or necessary. [7] Ted Frankel suggest that Folupa is an exact anagram for “foul pa”, meaning “frankly a flop” or “fouled up”, which may have been the way he (or his 10 percent myth father experimenter, Boris Sidis) viewed things, in the end. [8]

Roegen | NicolaE GEORescum
The attached surname, namely "Roegen", of Romanian-born American mathematician Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen is said to be a reverse anagram (similar to Thims, below). He was born Nicolae Georgescu and also formerly known as Nicholas St. Georgescu. The name Nicholas seems to be an English (or Americanized) version of Nicholae. In post-humorous publications and discussion of him, by his associates, e.g. Kozo Mayumi and John Gowdy, he is simply referred to as 'Georgescu'. According to one explanation, when Nicolae was very young, he attended military school to help support his widowed mother and his younger brother. He was clearly a superior mathematician, but there was another Georgescu (very common Romanian name) so he added "Roegen" to his Georgescu to make himself "unique". He was in academic competitions and won many scholarships for academics. He kept his new name after leaving Romania after the WWII and is know by that whole name. The surname "Roegen", according to this source, is a play on the name "George" (of his original last name George-scu). [9] According to a second reference, surname attachment name came from an anagram of his Romanian name NicolaE GEORescum, such that if the capital letters are read backward it becomes ROEGEN. [10]

LT (anagram formation) circa 2003
A circa 2003 scratch paper attempt to anagrammatize the pen name Bill Smith by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims.
Libb Thims | Bill Smith
See main: Libb Thims (etymology)
The pen name turned legal name of American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims is a derived anagram of the overly-common American name Bill Smith (a type of John Doe); the surname Smith being the most-common last name in American, which is on account of the fact that many of the original pilgrims to American were "black smiths" by occupation, the descendant families of which tended to adopt the dominate patriarch occupation as their surname.

The original use of the pen name "Bill Smith", beginning in circa 2001-2002, was to maintain anonymity, the main reason rooted in Thims' overarching philosophy that to truly get some one to fall in love with you, one needs to be make the process happen solely on personality and a fit shape, in the sense that the more a person achieves, in terms of respected accomplishments, occupation ladder climbing, fame, etc., the more a person becomes simply a "label" after which the person is falling in love with the label rather than the person; a sort of "reverse Cinderella philosophy", if you will.

The need to switch to a new pen name arose in circa 2002-2003 following the rise of the Internet search capabilities, particularly Amazon.com books, it became apparent that there were dozens if not hundreds of published Bill Smith authors; hence, name brand recognition for the work Thims was in the process of developing would be difficult.

Moreover, in the modern "Internet age", if one is a promoter of some novel or grand work or theory, one needs a unique name that generates a top search return rank. In this end, to exemplify, the following Google Analytics graph shows the growth of the monthly visits to the Hmolpedia "Libb Thims" article, since its page creation on Dec 31, 2007 up to Oct 24, 2011, which shows the anagrammed name drawing about 250 page views per month:

Libb Thims (Google Analytics)

The name "Libb Thims", itself, is an anagram modeled on the Latin phrase ad lib meaning "say what you want", albeit with an extra letter B added to make uniqueness, and the surname Thims, being phonetically similar to the "thimble", a sewing device used by Thims as a child to sew things.

The adoption of "Libb Thims", both as a pen name and eventually legal name (2009), to note, is also similar to that of Voltaire in the sense of "the adoption of the name "Voltaire" following his incarceration at the Bastille is seen by many to mark Voltaire's formal separation from his family and his past." [3]

Katherines
See main: Equation of love (section: An Abundance of Katherines)
American writer John Green’s 2006 graphical mathematics of love themed book An Abundance of Katherines utilizes a number of anagrams derived from the name “Katherine”, e.g. it contains the emotional words “heart” and “tear”, according to Green. [4]

See also
● Hmolpedia (etymology): a portmanteau "hmol" and "encyclopedia".

References
1. Lundin, Leigh (2009-11-29). "Anagrams". Word Play. Criminal Brief.
2. Lindley, David. (2001). Boltzmann’s Atom: the Great Debate that Launched a Revolution in Physics (pg. 79). The Free Press.
3. The name “Voltaire” (section) – Wikipedia.
4. (a) SparksFlyUp.com – WayBack Machine.
(b) An Abundance of Katherines – Wikipedia.
5. Gleick, James. (2003). Isaac Newton (pg. 100; 102). Vintage Books.
6. Lindley, David. (2004). Degrees Kelvin - a Tale of Genius, Invention, and Tragedy (pgs. 12-19). Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press.
7. Notes on the Collection of Sidis Pseudonyms – Sidis.net.
8. Rosenberg, Sam. (1970). The Come as You Are Masquerade Party (pg. 84). Prentice Hall.
9. Thread post (from person in Albany, New York) (23 Jul 2011) – Hmolpedia.
10. Thread post (from person in Bucharest, Romania) (8 Oct 2011) – Hmolpedia.
11. Campbell, Lewis and Garnett, William. (1882). The Life of James Clerk Maxwell: with Selections from His Correspondence and Occasional Writings (dp/dt, pg. xi). MacMillan and Co, 1884.
12. MacDonald, David K.C. (1964). Faraday, Maxwell, and Kelvin (pgs. 62-63, 98-99). New York: Doubleday.

External links
Anagram – Wikipedia.

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