|The animate engine (vs inanimate engine) model used to answer the typical difficulties encountered when attempting to explain animal existence using thermodynamic (steam engine) theory, e.g. how to label the working substance of animal existence, or the perceptual "life" vs "non-life" divide, death, etc. |
1. Johnstone, James. (1921). The Mechanism of Life in Relation to Modern Physical Theory (pg. 69). Longmans, Green & Co.