Anthonie Muller

Anthonie Muller nsIn science, Anthonie W. J. Muller (1951-) is a Dutch biophysicist noted for his 1983 thermosynthesis theory, which argues that early life originated and operated through heat engines before it acquired today's photosynthesis and respiration machineries. [1]

Anthonie Muller completed his BS in physical chemistry in 1972 and his MS in experimental biophysics in 1979, both at the Free University of Amsterdam. His thesis work was on protection of phage nucleic acid against gamma radiation and determining the intrinsic viscosity of a bacterial protein. His first paper on thermosynthesis was published in 1983. In 1990, Muller completed his PhD in material science, dissertation on the corrosion of dental NiCr alloys, at the school of dentistry of the University of Amsterdam. [2] He has since worked at the geology department at the University of Glasgow (1995-96), the biochemistry department at the University of Edinburg (1995-97), the geology department at the Washington State University (2004-06), and is currently at the Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences, University of Amsterdam. [3]

1. Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2009). “Emergence of Animals from Heat Engines - Part 1: Before the Snowball Earths” (abstract), Entropy, 11(3): 463-512.
2. Muller, Anthonie Wilhelmus Joseph (1951-) –
3. Anthonie Muller (background) – (AWJMuller).

Further reading
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Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1983). “Thermoelectric Energy Conversion could be an Energy Source of Living Organisms.” Physics Letters A 96:319-321.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1985). “Thermosynthesis by Biomembranes: Energy Gain from Cyclic Temperature Changes.” Journal of Theoretical Biology 115, 429-453.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1993). “A Mechanism for Thermosynthesis based on a Thermotropic Phase Transition in an Asymmetric Biomembrane.” Physiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR, 25, 95-111.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1995). “Were the First Organisms Heat Engines? A New Model for Biogenesis and the Early Evolution of Biological Energy Conversion.Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology, 63, 193-231.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1995). “Photosystem 0: A postulated primitive photosystem that generates ATP in fluctuating light.” University of Amsterdam.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1996). “The thermosynthesis Model for the Origin of Life and the Emergence of regulation by Ca2+.” Essays in Biochemistry, 31: 103-119.
 Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1996). “Life on Mars?”, Nature, 380, 100.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (1998). “Thermosynthesis: where Biology meets Thermodynamics.” In: Uroboros, or biology between Mythology and Philosophy. pgs. 139-167; edited by W. Lugowski and K. Matsuno. Wroclaw, Arboretum.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2001). “The Thermosynthesis Model for the Origin of Life: implications for Solar System Exploration.” Marsbugs 8 (15): 3-6.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2003). “Finding Extraterrestrial Organisms Living on Thermosynthesis.” Astrobiology. 3: 555-564.
 Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2005). “Thermosynthesis as Energy Source for the RNA World: A Model for the Bioenergetics of the Origin of Life”, BioSystems, 82: 93-102.
 Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2005). “Photosystem 0: a proposed ancestral photosystem without reducing power that uses metastable light-induced dipoles for ATP synthesis.”
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2006). “A search for Thermosynthesis: Starvation Survival in Thermally Cycled Bacteria.”,
Muller, Anthonie W.J. and Schulze-Makuch, D. (2006). “Sorption Heat Engines: Simple Inanimate Negative Entropy Generators.” Physica A, 362: 369-381.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. and Schulze-Makuch, D. (2006). “Thermal Energy and the Origin of Life.” Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 36: 77-189.
 Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2009). “Emergence of Animals from Heat Engines. Part 1. Before the Snowball Earths.” Entropy, 11: 463-512.
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2011). “Thermosynthesizers and Hoover's meteorites. CI1 Carbonaceous meteorites should be tested for the presence of thermosynthesizers." Journal of Cosmology, vol 13 (March)
Muller, Anthonie W.J. (2012). “Life Explained by Heat Engines.” Chapter in the volume titled Genesis: Origin of Life of the COLE Series (Cellular Origins, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology), Springer. Edited by J. Seckbach.

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