|German solid state physicist Jurgen Mimkes' circa 2005 online applied human thermodynamics description section of his University of Paderborn physical socio-economics research group (see: human thermodynamics education). |
The study of the practical application of human chemical thermodynamics or human statistical thermodynamics for use in the bioengineering of human systems would be termed "human engineering thermodynamics", similar to how chemical engineering thermodynamics is used in chemical engineering by chemical engineers in the practical application and development of chemical plants, oil refineries, etc.
A few notable hmolscience applied thinkers include:
● Vladimir Lenin | Atomic theory based communism theory implementation
● John Neumann | NASA-funded space colonization automaton theory
● Johan Galtung | UNESCO-funded thermodynamic theory of peace project
● Satish Boregowda | NASA-funded thermodynamic stress theory
See also: Libb Thims (prospectus)The following are applications developed up to the theoretical or beta-stage of development:
● Combat thermodynamics (1953-1991)
| In 1960, American combat pilot John Boyd, having flown 22 combat sorties in an F-86 Sabre during the Korean war (1953), enrolled at Georgia Tech to complete a degree in industrial engineering in order to better understand, in a physical science sense, certain anomalies of combat behavior, namely why the Korean pilots in quicker, faster, more-maneuverable Mig-15 planes had a worse kill ratio than the Americans in their bigger, slower, less-maneuverable planes. During his engineering education, Boyd sought not to worry about mathematical details, but to understand the underlying principles and concepts of physics and thermodynamics, in regards to human dog fight behaviors. Over the next 20 years, Boyd would go on to develop his thermodynamics-based combat theory, about which he consulted the pentagon on over in over 1,500 briefings, and with which he used in the successful formulation of the successful invasion of Iraq during the first Gulf War (1990-1991). In the retrospect opinion of Marine Corps general Charles Krulak:|
“The Iraqi army collapsed morally and intellectually under the onslaught of American and Coalition forces. John Boyd was an architect of that victory as surely as if he’d commanded a fighter wing or a maneuver division in the desert.”
|● Alien life-detection probes (1964-2005)||In 1964, Jet Propulsion Laboratory at CalTech was being funded by NASA to construct and design two probes (Voyager 1 and Voyager 2) to be sent to Mars in the upcoming 1977 Voyager mission to Mars and one of the main functions of one probe was to look for life. During this engineering phase, a debate erupted between English biophysicist James Lovelock and his colleagues as to how one would theoretically be able to recognize life, specifically Martian life? Lovelock proposed that any universally-designed life-recognition type of detection equipment or machine would need to be able to “look for an entropy reduction, since this must be a general characteristic of all forms of life.” The probes were eventually built and sent to Mars, and although they did not have “entropy reduction detectors”, Lovelock’s theory was eventually outlined in his 1975 article “Thermodynamics and the Recognition of Alien Biospheres.” Lovelock commented in retrospect (1979), that most likely, his reply was “taken to be at the best unpractical and at worst plain obfuscation, for few physical concepts can have caused as much confusion and misunderstanding as has that of entropy.” As of 2005, the probes were still operational, at a yearly cost of $4.2 million.|
| ● Consciousness quantification (1995-)||In circa 1995, American chemical engineer and physician Gerry Nahum, with a background in thermodynamics and information theory, worked out a 25-page proposal, entitled "Proposal for Testing the Energetics of Consciousness and its Physical Foundation", to conduct a consciousness-weighing project to quantify the energy of consciousness at the point of death, estimated to cost $100,000, using a negative entropy theory. Nahum has been actively seeking funding, at various university physics departments and private sectors, and presenting his theory at conferences to find partners.|
| ● Foodstuffs thermodynamics (2005-)||In the 1990s and 2000s, Russian physical chemist Georgi Gladyshev developed an anti-aging model of foodstuffs in which he hypothesized to be able to thermodynamically quantify the anti-aging value of any food or nutritional substance via using a formula similar to the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation. He obtained a $2 billion patient for this model. He has given various lectures on this topic at the American Academy of Anti-Aging medicine conferences. In 2007, Gladyshev met with American chemical engineer Libb Thims in Chicago to discuss a joint venture to take his patented theory to the market place.|
|● ReactionMatch.com (2008-)||A human chemical thermodynamics matching theory based dating site, outlined in principle in the 2007 textbook Human Chemistry and taken to the preliminary beta-stage of development in 2008, situated to be a hard science replacement for the hap shod sites claiming to be based on science, such as eChemistry.com (2006), run by a chemical engineer, Chemistry.com, run by an anthropologist, ScientificMatch.com (2007), run by an electrical engineer, among other sites run primarily by psychologists and computer programmers. In 2009, the online dating industry topped $1 billion and was growing at a rate of 10%.|
The following are applications that have developed up to the funding stage:
|● Technocracy (1918-1933)|| Technocracy was a type of thermodynamics-based “bureaucracy” project, funded by Columbia University, in operation from 1918 to 1933, headed by American engineer Howard Scott, in association with a group of prominent architects, engineers, and doctors, who under the mandate of the 1918 energy survey of North America, set out to become a sort of economic advisory board to the United States.|
Its premise was to determine an optimal organizational structure devised to manage societal activity based on physical science or, more specifically, on Gibbsian thermodynamics. The general methodology of the group was to examine social phenomena, such as unemployment or energy use, in the light of physical science. The result of the project were detailed in the 1932 book Technocracy: A Thermodynamic Interpretation of Social Phenomena. Some of their conceived economic theories include: the use of “energy certificates” instead of money as units of value, the use of Carnot efficiency to model economic efficiency, as well as the term “Technate” used to describe the region over which a technocratic society would operate using thermodynamic energy accounting instead of a price system (money) method.
|● Physical intelligence (2009-2011)||A two-year research and development project, initiated by US defense advanced research projects agency (DARPA) program manager Todd Hylton in 2009, conceived to replace artificial intelligence with “physical intelligence”, one that spontaneously evolves as a consequence of thermodynamics in open systems, hypothesized to be able to be built from chemical and electrical components. The mission statement of DARPA, to note, is to “bridge the gap from fundamental science to application”. The program, currently being undertaken by a number of different government and non-government teams, is working on the following goals: (a) Creating a theory (a mathematical formalism) and validating it in natural and engineered systems; (b) Building the first human-engineered systems that display physical intelligence in the form of abiotic, self-organizing electronic and chemical systems; (c) Developing analytical tools to support the design and understanding of physically intelligent systems. The end goal for military application and use of physical intelligence.|
The following are applications developed up the revenue stage:
| ● Psychodynamics (1873-)||Freud started medical school in 1873, at the University of Vienna, under adviser German physiologist Ernst Brücke, director of the director of the Physiology Laboratory at the University, close friend and previous medical school lab partner to German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz one of the three-main formulators of the first law of thermodynamics (conservation of energy) (conservation of force). Over the next six years, initially concentrating on biology, Freud did research under Brücke, and under this collective influence, conceived the idea that external influences must be “conserved” in the mind in various “states of consciousness” (or subconscious), later to develop his id, ego, superego model of the mind. In circa 1920s, Swiss psychologist Carl Jung incorporated aspects of the second law of thermodynamics into a variation of this model. In the 1970s, on the models of Jung, Croatian-born American psychologist Mihály Csíkszentmihályi developed “positive psychology” with his Csíkszentmihályi flow, or “states of optimal experience”, theory, using of the Freudian-Jungian terms psychic energy and psychic entropy in his analysis of states of mental life, and ideas on negentropism, e.g. psychic negentropy.|
|● Human entropy imaging (2007-)||Conceived by Russian biometrist Viktor Minkin, head of the Russian vibraimage company, to use pixel vibration technology to measure human emotional states, quantitatively to be explained via psychological entropy or human entropy methodologies, the theory of which to be developed by American chemical engineer Libb Thims, to be used in application for home use and government used, e.g. terrorist screening technologies. Following R&D, equipment is slated to be marketed and sold in the US under the direction of Thims; although, Thims is stalled out on parts of theory development, as he is currently mastering the works of Clausius, Gibbs, and Lewis, which underlie theory. In 2008, Thims outlined a few basic principles of “human thermodynamic imaging”, after which Minkin incorporated parts of preliminary theory into Vibraimage version 7.0. In 2009, Minkin, possibly using some of the Gibbs free energy matching theory, took the project to the working model stage in the site PsyMaker.com, which claims to facilitate (a) recognition of emotions of visitors, (b) emotion recognition in Skype, (c) measure pixel-dependent aura, (d) lie detection, (e) couple compatibility matching, (f) remote and contactless public security.|
|● SThAR (2009-)||A consulting firm application in business thermodynamics, founded by Spanish telecommunications engineer Gregory Botanes, claiming be applying the laws of social thermodynamics to model social network behaviors and make predictions of business paths, needs, and issues. |
“Sthar is the first company in the word to apply the revolutionary and recently discovered social thermodynamics universal laws to model social networks behavior and predict social changes, based on a mathematical model instead of existing statistics-based models.”
Company claims to be using “social thermodynamics research” and Montecarlo techniques, to the commercial applications of marketing, e.g. advanced behavioral marketing, competitive analysis, media investment optimization; threats detection, e.g. viruses issues, web 2.0 enterprises, etc.; security, intelligence, and defense, e.g. counterterrorism, electronic crime, knowledge management, among others.
1. Research (Jurgen Mimkes) – Physics Department, University of Paderborn.