Barack Obama

Barack ObamaIn hmolscience, Barack Obama (1961-) is the 44th current American President noted for his 2006 campaign speech on the connection between faith and politics, the key exert being the following:

Faith | Politics
On 28 Jun 2006, Obama gave his famous "Faith and Politics" speech, toward the end of which he goes into his first point:

“Given the increasing diversity of America's population, the dangers of sectarianism have never been greater. Whatever we once were, we are no longer just a Christian nation; we are also a Jewish nation, a Muslim nation, a Buddhist nation, a Hindu nation, and a nation of nonbelievers. And even if we did have only Christians in our midst, if we expelled every non-Christian from the United States of America, whose Christianity would we teach in the schools? Would we go with James Dobson's, or Al Sharpton's? Which passages of Scripture should guide our public policy? Should we go with Leviticus, which suggests slavery is OK and that eating shellfish is abomination? How about Deuteronomy, which suggests stoning your child if he strays from the faith? Or should we just stick to the Sermon on the Mount - a passage that is so radical that it's doubtful that our own Defense Department would survive its application? So before we get carried away, let's read our bibles. Folks haven't been reading their bibles.”

Then he goes into what he calls his second point:

Democracy demands that the religiously motivated translate their concerns into universal, rather than religion-specific, values. It requires that their proposals be subject to argument, and amenable to reason. I may be opposed to abortion for religious reasons, but if I seek to pass a law banning the practice, I cannot simply point to the teachings of my church or evoke god’s will. I have to explain why abortion violates some principle that is accessible to people of all faiths, including those with no faith at all.

Now this is going to be difficult for some who believe in the inerrancy of the Bible, as many evangelicals do. But in a pluralistic democracy, we have no choice. Politics depends on our ability to persuade each other of common aims based on a common reality. It involves the compromise, the art of what’s possible. At some fundamental level, religion does not allow for compromise. It’s the art of the impossible. If God has spoken, then followers are expected to live up to God’s edicts, regardless of the consequences. To base one’s life on such uncompromising commitments may be sublime, but to base our policy making on such commitments would be a dangerous thing.”
Obama parents


This quote was cited and discussed by American moral philosopher Joshua Greene as an example of the need to develop a universal moral currency system in the modern world, to deal with modern moral quagmires, such as gay rights, stem cell research, abortion, physician assisted death, etc.. [2]

Atheism | Beliefs
Obama was born to Barack Obama, Sr., an ex-Muslim atheist, and Ann Dunham, a free thinking Christian leaning towards atheist.

All American Presidents, four aside, namely: Thomas Jefferson (office: 1801-1809), a self-proclaimed "epicurean materialist" (1820), Abraham Lincoln, who said "the Bible is not my book nor Christianity my profession", William Taft, and Barack Obama, have been Christians, generally speaking. [3]

On 16 Dec 2016, Obama signed legislation that amended the Frank Wolf International Religious Freedom Act, which extended protection of religious persecution to people with “non-theistic beliefs”; the bill was dubbed as America’s first bill protecting atheists. (Ѻ)

Quotes
The following are related quotes:

“Substantially, more people, in America, believe in angels, then they do in evolution.”
Barack Obama (2006), “Faith and Politics”, Jun 28 (Ѻ|9:28)

References
1. Obama, Barack. (2006), “Call to Renewal: Obama on Church and State” (vid) (Ѻ) (text), Jun 28.
2. Greene, Joshua. (2013). Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap Between Us and Them (pgs. 175, 182). Penguin.
3. Religious affiliations of Presidents of the United States – Wikipedia.

External links
Barack Obama – Wikipedia.

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