Christopher Redford

Chris RedfordIn hmolscience, Christopher L. Redford (c.1982-), known as Chris or evid3nc3, is an American computer scientist and religious deconversion philosopher noted for his so-called Redford deconversion model as outline in his 2009 to 2012 “Why I Am No Longer a Christian” video series—thematically similar in some sense to English mathematical philosopher Bertrand Russell's 1927 Why I Am Not a Christian—wherein he documents, in a very inside-the-mind look at his 2004 to 2008 Christianity belief system deconversion, from that of a devout Pentecostal Christian (2001) to, as he now refers to himself, a evidentialist secular humanist (2013), i.e. a secular humanist who bases their belief system on evidence. [1]

God concept
The following is representation of the "god concept", which the typical believer hold in their mind, as Redford explains things:

Redford God concept

Even if one to three of their towers, of their mental belief nodal structures, comes under attack, such as "logical arguments" (e.g. how come there were no dinosaurs on the Ark?) or "morality" (e.g. how can a person be moral if we don't have free will), the castle (belief in the existence of God or "God concept") will still hold-fast in the mind, in respect to belief system or belief state. In short, in order to for a believer to be deconverted to disbelief, four of the seven "nodes" or towers (of God concept) have to simultaneously come under attack, and the battle or deconversion process typically lasts three-years.

Redford completed his BS in computer science in 2005 and his PhD in 2012 in computer science, subfocus of intelligent systems, dissertation “Evidentialist Foundationalist Augumentation Applied to Multi-Agent Systems”, both in the 3.83 GPA range, at the University of Kansas. [4]

Deconversion | Overview
In 2001, Redford, a devout Church going, religious organization participating Christian, for some 17-years, entered the University of Kansas as a freshman with a mission to ‘spread the word of Christ’.

In 2004, after two years of science and philosophy classes, however, Redford’s beliefs began to change, the biggest shift—or tipping point—in his religious transformation came in March when he read a New Mexico professor’s [name] controversial review of the Bible on Amazon, an experience which Redford reflects on as follows: [2]

“I found it kind of offensive, but I thought I would try to reach out to him,” Redford said. “It turned out that he had more to teach me than I had to teach him.”
God concept (node labels)


The God Concept (end)
The God Concept (Redford)Redford's 7-nodal belief system of the mind model of the "God Concept", according to which belief in God is not one belief by a interlinked network of seven main belief aspects: morality, personal relationship, other Christians, prayer, creation, logical arguments, all centered around the Bible, and that before religious deconversion to a new belief system can accrue, three or more belief system nodal points have to come come under attack in regards to question of validity.

Redford communicated with the professor over email for a week and the logic of the professor’s arguments began a dramatic change in his religious ideals. Redford began to see ‘holes’ in the religion he had been committed to for his entire life (reaction existence).

In 2007, Redford made his first YouTube video, entitled “Re: Proof God is Real”, a response to a video by Canadian religion debate evoking vlogger Shawn Karon (VenomFangX) who attempted to give some proof of the existence of god discussion via the "first cause" argument. (Ѻ) On 11 May 2009, Redford uploaded “VenomFangX” Leaves!” discussing how he doesn’t know how to feel about this, explaining that “VenomFangX was the reason that I and many people came to YouTube”, namely out of irritation concerning his overconfident technique of spreading misinformation, e.g. about the Dead Sea Scrolls, etc., about religion. (Ѻ)

On 3 May 2009, Redford uploaded his “Why I Am No Longer a Christian” video, in which he outlined the new series he was intending to make in respect to the steps of his deconversion.

Redford's resulting three-year video series documents his metamorphosis into atheism, via video—the result of which, him studying intelligent systems theory as the focus of his computer science PhD work, is a rather surreal look inside the mind of someone’s step-by-step belief system reconstruction, his ‘nodal representation’ of the structural framework of the average belief system, being very illuminating in respect to belief system structure and strength. [3] His presentation is rather well-honed, as far as religio-mythology and comparative mythology and religious studies go, citing Karen Armstrong (A History of God, 1993), among others.

Title: 0 Overview
Description: Abridged overview of the "Why I am no longer a Christian" series for the purpose of brevity to newcomers.
Uploaded: May 3, 2009
Views: 406,232 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 1 My Christian Life
A short but comprehensive look into my life as a Christian (which spanned 15 years) to prove to Christians that I was a genuine born-again, Holy Spirit baptised, and deeply committed Christian who had a strong relationship with Jesus Christ.
Uploaded: May 19, 2009
Views: 216,143 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.0 Deconversion: The God Concept
Description: The concept of God, while having the appearance of being a single, coherent belief is often actually supported by multiple pillars of intertwined sub-beliefs. I give an overview of some of the most important sub-beliefs for my personal conception of God here. I will detail how at least most of these sub-beliefs fell for me, under the weight of logic and evidence, in later videos.
Uploaded: Jun 19, 2009
Views: 211,967 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.1 Deconversion: Prayer
Description: I explain why, for theological reasons, I stopped believing in the validity of intercessory prayer as a Christian.
● Carey, Benedict. (2006). “Long-Awaited Medical Study Questions the Power of Prayer” (Ѻ), New York Times, Mar 31.
● Benson, Herbert, et al. (2006). "Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: a multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer" (abs), American Heart Journal, 151(4): 934-42.

Uploaded: Jul 16, 2009
143,370 on Nov 30, 2013
Title: 2.2 Deconversion: Morality
Description: I explain how, through the study of Ethics, I came to believe that morality was something separate from God that He wanted us to discover using reason, evidence, and experience.
Uploaded: Aug 13, 2009
122,106 on Nov 30, 2013
Title: 2.3 Deconversion: Other Christians (Part 1)
Description: I explain how I came to see science and the Bible as compatible and started sharing this argument with atheists and non-believers through the Internet.
● The Science of God (Gerald Schroeder, 1997)
● A History of God (Karen Armstrong, 1993)
● Who Wrote the New Testament? (Burton Mack, 1996)
Uploaded: Sep 1, 2009
117,024 on Nov 30, 2013
Title: 2.3 Deconversion: Other Christians (Part 2)
Description: I explain how I came to meet a true Christian who had deconverted and how I came to believe that I was at a different rational stage of development than some believers.
● Some Mistakes of Moses (Robert Ingersoll, 1880)
Uploaded: Sep 20, 2009
105,563 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.4 Deconversion: The Bible (Part 1)
I explain how, through my own personal readings, I came to see the Bible from a less literal and more liberal perspective.
Matthew 7:6 (Pearls to pigs)
Proverbs 3:5 (Your own understanding)
Romans 1:22 (Wise but fools)
Genesis 12:11-20 (Lying Sarah)
Exodus 9:12 & 10:20 (Hardening Pharaoh's heart)
Leviticus 2 (Mundane flour rituals)
Numbers 2 (Counting Hebrews)
Romans 2:14-15 (Written on our hearts)
Acts 1:18 v Matthew 27:5 (Judas's death)
Uploaded: Oct 20, 2009
Views: 122,850 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.4 Deconversion: The Bible (Part 2)
I explain how the professor's knowledge of the Bible's construction brought into question my belief that it was divinely inspired.
2 Kings 2:24 (Children killed by bears)
Deut. 20:16 (Leave alive nothing that breathes)
Documentary hypothesis – Wikipedia.
The Bible with Sources Revealed – Wikipedia.
● The Bible with Sources Revealed (Richard Friedman, 2003)
Nov 18, 2009
Views: 106,523 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.5 Deconversion: Personal Relationship (Part 1)
Description: I explain how I was raised to see God in everything, how I came to believe I had a personal relationship with him, and how I began to enter a personal crisis in college when that relationship started failing and feeling distant and confused.
Uploaded: Dec 29, 2009
99,396 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.5 Deconversion: Personal Relationship (Part 2)
Description: The beginning of my final battle with the professor and the professor's perspective of the concept of a personal God.
Uploaded: Dec 31, 2009
113,812 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.6 Deconversion: The End
Description: I explain the end of my confident faith in God and the beginning of what became irreparable doubts about God's existence, given the current lack of motivating evidence for believing in Him.
Uploaded: Feb 06, 2010
130,638 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 2.7 Deconversion: Losing God
Description: I explain the torturous emotional roller-coaster and eventual desolate hopelessness and terror that resulted from losing my theistic God.
Uploaded: Mar 16, 2010
107,907 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.0 Atheism: A New Way of Seeing God
I explain how I came to reject the Theistic conception of God in favor of Pantheism.
Uploaded: Apr 25, 2010
115,902 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.1 Atheism: Definitions
I discuss various definitions of "atheism" and explain why I have chosen the one I have.
Appeal to ridicule – Wikipedia.
Argumentum ad populum – Wikipedia.
Liebeck v. McDonald’s Restaurants – Wikipedia.
Weak and strong atheism – Wikipedia.
Agnostic atheism – Wikipedia.
Uploaded: Jun 01, 2010
91,722 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.2 Atheism: Nontheistic Gods
Description: I explain why I remained with the church after becoming an atheist and discuss more nontheistic God concepts I considered in my theological journey.

Jonathan Livingston Seagull – Wikipedia.
● Eberhart, Russell C., Shi, Yuhui, and Kennedy, James. (2001). Swarm Intelligence. Morgan Kaufmann.
● Schroeder, Gerald L. (2001). The Hidden Face of God (review, Ѻ). Free Press.
● Dawkins, Richard. (2009). The Greatest Show on Earth: the Evidence for Evolution (evidence, Ѻ). Free Press.
Uploaded: Jul 27, 2010
Views:82,159 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.3.1 Atheism: Ingersoll & Mack
I relate the inspiring experiences of reading Ingersoll for the first time, observing the successful application of reductio ad absurdum to religion, perceiving the growth and maturing of my own mind, and encountering the concept of different Jesus movements from Mack.
Sep 7, 2010

81,741 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.3.2 Atheism: Spong
Description: I relate the insights of reading Spong for the first time, solidifying the displacement of theism by the insights of science, seeing how we had created the theistic God in our own image, learning about the first images of Jesus from the letters of Paul, and trying to extract concepts from my Christian experience that were still meaningful in a non-theistic universe.Citations: add
Dec 11, 2010

78,860 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.3.3 Atheism: A History of God (Part 1)
I explain how I learned from A History of God by Karen Armstrong that the evidence indicates that the Jewish concept of monotheism evolved from the syncretism of various polytheistic sources like Canaanite and Babylonian polytheism.
Jan 07, 2011

324,881 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.3.3 Atheism: A History of God (Part 2)
Description: I explain why I stopped using the word "God" to describe anything correlated with a reality outside of our own minds, pending evidence that would persuade me to do so.
Citations: add
Mar 18, 2011
138,725 (Nov 30, 2013)
Title: 3.4.1(1) Atheism: Evidence
I lay the philosophical groundwork for my epistemological position of Evidentialist Foundationalism by contrasting it with the First Principles journey of the Rationalist Descartes.
May 19, 2011
130,568 (Nov 30, 2013)

Title:3.4.1(2) Atheism: Objections to Evidentialism
I respond to objections to Evidentialism regarding the use of provisional hypotheses, the alleged self-refuting properties of Evidentialism, the evidential bases of mathematics and logic, and the relation of Evidentialism to Logical Positivism.
Jan 05, 2012
83,194 (Nov 30, 2013)

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Christopher | Etymology
See main: Christopher etymology
In hmolscience, an atomic theory based belief system, the name “Christopher”, the surname of Jesus Christ and of Christianity, is an uncommon name—the term “Christ”, from the Greek Christos, literally, anointed, meaning to rub with oil, from the Egyptian resurrection myth of Osiris, specifically to rub the re-attached erect phallus, of the crucified (cut apart), albeit reconnected (mummified) body of Osiris, with “oil” before divine resurrection sex, with goddess sisters Isis (Stella Maris → Virgin Mary) and Nephthys (Mary Magdalene), as described in the play Passion of Osiris, shown below (left), or as re-written in the Passion of Christ, as shown below (right):

Jesus ressurection (origin)

As the school “most accused of atheism”, as English natural philosopher Francis Bacon put in circa 1601, is the school of “Leucippus and Democritus and Epicurus”, the paucity of Christopher names, among the 1,000+ Hmolpedia biographies, listed below, is no coincidence; the majority of "Christophers" being objectors or detractors to hmolscience—the cross symbol signifying Christian or God-based objection reasoning logic:


Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)
He turned away from Calvinism and from Catholicism; though seems, in the end, to have harbored some “first cause” (see: causality) belief in god framework, similar to his associate atomic theory reviver Pierre Gassendi. (Ѻ)

Christoph Wieland (1733-1813)1809Religion icon 20x27Argued vehemently against Goethe's human chemical theory.

Christoph Ballot (1817-1890) 1858Argued against the calculation of the speeds of gas molecules by Clausius.

Christopher Dawson (1889-1970)1957Religion icon 20x27[?] Describes social mechanics (discussed here), along with social physics, and social energetics, as one of the defunct corpses of sociology’s past.

Christian Anfinsen (1916-1995) 1970s Religion icon 20x27Son of Bible reading Lutherans, was agnostic throughout existence, until after his 1972 Nobel Prize in chemistry win, after which he “found God”, commenting famously, views such as: “I think only an idiot can be an atheist” (1989), etc.

Christopher Gray (1941-)2010 Religion icon 20x27[?] Writes about the “danger of a mechanistic social science”, in the theories of Maurice Hauriou; the same warnings emanating from the pen of John Wojcik (2006) of the Christianity-based Villanova University (see: Rossini debate).

Christopher Langan (1952-) c.1995Religion icon 20x27Cited on the IQ: 200+ page; advocates for an information theory of God.

Christopher Southgate (1953-)1993Religion icon 20x27Biochemist turned science-religion debate scholar.

Christian de Quincey (c.1955-)2002Religion icon 20x27His Radical Nature argues that consciousness, spirit, and soul extend all the way down the evolutionary ladder to the atoms and molecules.

Christopher Edwards (c.1959-)c.2010Teaches that “life is a path function; the integral of that path, that's the special part.”

Christopher Hirata (1982-)c.2000Noted for HCR theory based "The Physics of Relationships".

Christine Kamla (c.1994-)2011Noted for Goethe-based HCR theory of modern adoption legislation.

Noting that about 60 percent of the twelve "Christ-named" individuals in Hmolpedia are religious belief adherers, in belief system, in some sense or another, the supposition here is that a person born into the name “Christopher”, or equivalently Mary (or Christine), is one thus born deeper into the belief system of Christianity, more so than the average person, via action of their parent's idealized belief systems. Redford, in the 2012 Artificial Intelligence Review publication of his dissertation, lists himself as “Chris”, which would seem to be unwritten code for religious belief system detachment.
Redford’s 2010 video “The Values We All Stand For”, discussing the 1953 Red Atheism Scare add of “In God We Trust” (see also: "In ΘΔics we trust" dollar bill Ѻ) to the US one dollar bill and the “one nation under god” add to the US constitution was the $10,000 winner of the Sam Harris based Project Reason video contest. A tongue-in-cheek critique of C.S. Lewis' book Mere Christianity. (That successfully horrified many of my atheist subscribers on April 1st, when it was presented as a "reconversion" video as the end result of a fundraiser for the Society of Open-Minded Atheists and Agnostics [SOMA] at KU.

The following are related quotes:

“It takes the latter half of all of one’s lifetime to unlearn the falsehood that was instilled into us during the earlier half. Generation after generation we learn, unlearn, and re-learn the same lying legendary lore. Henceforth, our studies must begin from the evolutionist standpoint in order that they mat not have to be gone over again.”
Gerald Massey (1883), The Natural Genesis

1. Evid3nc3 – Facebook.
2. Archibald, Anna. (2010). “Student Atheist’s Video Wins Award”, Daily Kansan, Mar 30.
3. Evid3nc3 – YouTube.
4. (a) Christopher Redford (curriculum vitae) –
(b) Arvin Agah (students) –
(c) Redford, Chris and Agah, Arvin. (2012). “Evidentialist Foundationalist Argumentation for Multi-Agent Sensor Fusion” (abs), Artificial Intelligence Review, Mar 11.

External links
Evid3nc3 – Twitter.
Evid3nc3 – WordPress.

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