Crude materialism

In materialism, crude materialism is []

Overview
A proponent of ‘crude materialism’, often mentioned (ΡΊ) associated with this term, is Ludwig Feuerbach, and or, in many contexts, Karl Marx’s use of Feuerbach’s ideas in his so-labeled ‘historical materialism’ (or dialectic materialism). [1]

Gillian Howie (2010) defines crude materialism as follows: [2]

“The world appears to be governed by empirically discoverable, natural, and unalterable laws, and individuals apprehend their own activities in terms of quantifiable laws. The thingification of people (reification) presents itself in philosophy as crude materialism, and the personification of things (fetishism) presents itself as crude idealism. Crude materialists tend to regard social relations of production as though they are natural properties inherent in things.”

Elena Possardt (2013), et al, defines crude materialism, as distinguished from dualism and idealism—which grant an equal primary status to a realm of ideas, mind, spirit, or deity, understood to exist completely separately from the material realm—as the explicit philosophical assumption which entails the attribution of primary ontological status or primary reality to material events, which can be comprehended through sense organs; they also assert that scientism is an outgrowth of ontological crude materialism. [3]

Quotes
The following are related quotes:

“While rejecting vitalism, teleology, and mysticism, Haeckel taught a view of nature that advocated a cosmic perspective and an evolutionary framework, and thereby surpassed the crudely mechanistic and materialistic explanations of the world. Going beyond Darwin, Haeckel proposed that life had emerged spontaneously from matter; an hypothesis anticipated by over fifty years: the abiogenetic theory of Alexander Oparin.”
— James Birx (1992), “Introduction to The Riddle of the Universe” [4]

References
1. Nash, Ronald H. (2010). Life’s Ultimate Questions: an Introduction to Philosphy (§:Crude Materialism, pg. #). Harper Collins.
2. Howie, Gillian. (2010). Between Feminism and Materialism: a Question of Method (pgs. 46-47). Palgrave Macmillan.
3. Mustakova-Possardt, Elena, Basseches, Michael, and Oxenberg, Julie. (2013). “Transforming a Limited Social Function into a Viable Global Action Agenda” (§2:21-46, §§2.2.3: Crude Materialism, pgs. 26-27), in: Toward a Socially Responsible Psychology for a Global Era (editors: Elena Mustakova-Possardt, Mikhail Lyubansky, Michael Basseches, Julie Oxenberg). Springer.
4. Birx, H. James. (1992). “Introduction”, in: The Riddle of the Universe (by: Ernst Haeckel, translator: Joseph McCabe) (pgs. ix-xiv). Prometheus Books, 1992.

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