Desiderius Erasmus

Desiderius ErasmusIn existographies, Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) (IQ:185|#62) [RGM:108|1,500+] (Cattell 1000:56) (Gottlieb 1000:97) (Stokes 100:27) (CR:37), oft-cited as “Erasmus”, not to be confused with Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), was a Dutch intellectual, universal genius, and fabled "last person to know everything", noted for introducing the term "Pandora’s box", the precursor to Eve’s apple (see: Adam and Eve), into the cultural vernacular, a term he used in respect to the gift box given to Pandora, a penned during his translation of Hesiod’s 700BC Theogony.

Civilization
In 1530, Erasmus, in his On Civility in Children, a book dedicated to the instruction of noble youth, table manners, etc., defined “civility” as non-rude behavior. The term “civilization”, supposedly, derives from this publication. [4]

Quotes | On
The following are quotes about Erasmus:

Erasmus advises students to read only the best books on the subjects with which they are occupied. He cautions them against loading their memories with the errors of inferior writers which they will afterwards have to throw off and forget.”
James Froude (1894), Life and Letters of Erasmus [1]

Quotes | By
The following are noted quotes by Erasmus:

“You must acquire the best knowledge first, and without delay; it is the height of madness to learn what you will later have to unlearn.”
— Desiderius Erasmus (1497), “Letter to Christian Northoff” [2]

“I consider as lovers of books not those who keep their books hidden in their store-chests and never handle them, but those who, by nightly as well as daily use thumb them, batter them, wear them out, who fill out all the margins with annotations of many kinds, and who prefer the marks of a fault they have erased to a neat copy full of faults.”
— Desiderius Erasmus (1489), “Letter to unidentified friend” [2]

“In the country of the blind, the one-eyed man is king.”
— Desiderius Erasmus (1500), Publication (Ѻ)

“When I get a little money I buy books; and if any is left I buy food and clothes.”
— Desiderius Erasmus (1500), “Letter to Jacob Batt”, Apr 12; popularized variant (Ѻ) of original

“Could god have taken on the form of a woman, a devil, a donkey, a gourd, or a flintstone? If so, how could a gourd have preached sermons, performed miracles, and been nailed to the cross?”
— Desiderius Erasmus (1509), Praise of Folly [3]

References
1. Froude, James. (1894). Life and Letters of Erasmus: Lectures Delivered at Oxford 1893-94 (Ѻ). Longmans, Green, 1899.
2. Erasmus, Desiderius. (1489). “Letter to unidentified friend” (Ѻ); in: Collected Works of Erasmus (pg. 114). Publisher, 1974.
3. Hecht, Jennifer M. (2003). Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas (pg. 274). HarperOne.
4. Adams, Richard N. (1988). The Eighth Day: Social Evolution as the Self-Organization of Energy (pg. 159). University of Texas Press.

External links
Desiderius Erasmus – Wikipedia.

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