Donald Campbell

Donald CampbellIn existographies, Donald Campbell (1916-1996) was an American social scientist, noted for []

Overview
In 1975, Campbell, in his “On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition”, stated the following:

“I do accept the limited emergentist principle that the laws of biology, psychology exist which are NOT described by the laws of physics and inorganic chemistry. These ‘emergent laws’ are compatible with the laws of physics and chemistry but not derivable from them.”
— Donald Campbell (1975), “On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition” [1]

In 1988, Richard Adams, in commentary on this, stated that this view expresses a position common to “sophisticated social scientists”. Adams also points out that Campbell never details what these “emergent” laws are, and also tells us that most “emergent” laws in the social sciences have never been made with regard to the operation of the physical laws; hence, each needs to be reexamined. [2]

References
1. (a) Campbell, Donald. (1975). “On the Conflicts between Biological and Social Evolution and between Psychology and Moral Tradition” (pg. 1104), American Psychologist, 30:1103-1126.
(b) Adams, Richard N. (1988). The Eighth Day: Social Evolution as the Self-Organization of Energy (pg. 8). University of Texas Press.

External links
‚óŹ Donald T. Campbell – Wikipedia.

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