Egyptian Book of the Dead

Egyptian Book of the Dead
A 1972 printing of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, by Raymond Faulkner, which is the immediate forerunner to the Bible and the Rig Vida. [3]
In famous publications, Egyptian Book of the Dead (TR:21), or Book of the Dead, is an Egyptian story book telling the life and times of primarily the gods of the Heliopolis creation myth, e.g. Ra, Osiris, Horus, Isis, Set, etc., replete with 200 "chapters", depending on recension (see: recension theory), in which are found 125+ spells, e.g. Spell 125 is the original version of the Lord's Prayer, Spell 148 describes the original version of the virgin birth and the holy spirit, etc., guarantying that the possessor of the book will likely be granted access to the afterlife, if his or her "heart" is judged morally light in respect to the weight of the 42 negative confessions (forerunner to the ten commandments).

Overview
In c.2500BC, the pyramid texts were written, for the use of granting pharaohs access to the afterlife.

In c.2200-2000BC, the coffin texts began to be penned, in place of the older pyramid texts, made for rich scribes and other community leaders, which were costlier to make, consisting of about 1,200 spells. In 1957, a total of 787 coffin text spells, of the extant known mass of coffin texts, was published in a six-volume edition, edited by Adriaan de Buck. [4]

In c.1250BC, the Papyrus of Ani was made, for the scribe Ani, in the form of a 78-foot long by 1-foot 3-inches width scroll, which contains about 160 or so of the main or essential pyramid texts and coffin texts.

In 670BC, during the so-called “Saite recension” (see: recension theory), the book of the dead became canonized into a standard order format, all spells put into a standard order. [1]

Translations
In 1842, Richard Lepsius published the first “standard edition” attempt at an English rendering of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, one from the papyrus of a Ptolemaic official named Iuwefankh, during which time he divided this book into 165 chapters, assigning the numbers on the basis of the dividing lines and rubrics of that document. Additional chapters were added by Willem Pleyte, Edouard Naville, Wallis Budge, Thomas Allen, and others, raising the total number to 192 chapters, as of 2015. [3]

In 1888, the Papyrus of Ani was discovered by Wallis Budge at some antiquities dealership in Egypt, brought to the British Museum, and translated by him in 1895.

In 1972, Raymond Faulkner did a translation of the Ani-version of the Book of the Dead, which is considered by many to be the "finest to date". A modern read through of the Faulkner translation, however, leaves one with the impression that over 75 percent of the text and its meaning is NOT translated and or rendered correctly into English, as much of it is complete nonsense, as rendered by Faulkner. The following quote gives indication of this:

“Much of the Book of the Dead is frankly incomprehensible, even for experts. No amount of exegesis can explain many passages. Images and allusions follow one another with bewildering force and frequency, lacking thematic and logical connection. The same can be said for much of the rest of Egyptian mortuary literature. Yet the endurance of the well-administered Egyptian state and its monumental undertakings are proof that the Egyptians were a fundamentally rational people. Their Greek contemporaries [Lycurgus, Orpheus, Solon, Thales, Pythagoras, Empedocles, Herodotus, Democritus, Plato, Eudoxus, Manetho] assure us that the Egyptian’s religion was deeply imbued with profound theological doctrines.”
— Ogden Goelet (1994), “Commentary on the Corpus of Literature and Tradition Which Constitutes the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Book of Going Forth by Day” (pg. 163) [3]

In other words, the logic the Greeks derived from the Egyptian priests, as distilled in secular terms, and presented to us, e.g. by Aristotle, in English, is a solid and coherent system of logic, which does NOT match up with what Faulkner and others have attempted to render the hieroglyphics into? Even Roman accounts of Egyptian myths and religion, e.g. Herodotus account of the Phoenix or Cicero’s account of the Isis and Osiris myth, don’t match up fully or correctly with modern attempts at the Book of the Dead attempted translations?

Chapters | Spells
The following are notable or key chapters or spells to the Book of the Dead; the exact ordering of the "spell" or "chapter", to note, is a bit inexact, presently, as the spells or chapters don't exactly match up to which version of the Book of the Dead is cited::

#
Summary
Rescripts / Modern Version
Reference




Spell 17Horus, born of mother Isis, is the avenger of god, who is his father.
Thoth cured Horus' torn-out eye by spitting on it.

“When Ra began to rule what he had made, when he began to appear as king, before the supporters of Shu had come into being, when he was upon the hill, which is in Hermopolis, when he destroyed the children of impotence [see: destruction of mankind] on the hill, which is in Hermopolis. I have seen this sun god [Ra] born yesterday from the buttocks of the celestial cow.”
— Anon Ani (c.1250BC), Egyptian Book of the Dead (§17)
● God the father; Jesus is god the son.
● Jesus cured the blind (Mark 8:23) and the deaf (Mark 7:32-3), by spitting in their eyes (Mark 8:23), and stuck his fingers in their ears, licking and spitting on his medical patients.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 19Horus preaches a communion.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 42Horus delivered himself from evil. Horus is the Prince of Eternity, Lord of mankind
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 52-53Describes the miracle of "seven loaves" supplied by the son of god.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Chapter 54Egg of Geb and resurrection (pg. 65)Easter eggs
Chapter 59Egg of Geb and resurrection (pg. 66)Easter eggs
Spell 78"All that liveth" are subject to Horus.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 92Horus, born of mother Isis, is the avenger of god, who is his father. Promises to guide you to heaven.God the father; Jesus is god the son.(Paulkovich, 2013)
Chapter 92Speaks about the "day of examining souls" at the "beginning of the reckoning of years" on the boat of Ra. (pg. 69)Purgatory
Spell 97Horus purifying his soul with mikvah or baptism.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 112Describes an an anti-pork diet.
(Paulkovich, 2013)
Spell 125
Lord's Prayer (Found (Ѻ) in Matthew 6:9-13 and Luke 11:1-4 of the Bible).
Spell 148
Virgin birth (Matthew 1:18-25 (Ѻ); compare: Isaiah 7:14) description and the holy spirit.
Spell 156The blood of the mother of Horus is magical and holy.
(Paulkovich, 2013)

(add)

Quotes
The following are related quotes:

“Hope for life after death is evidenced even in prehistoric times in Upper Egypt. The first written aids for attaining and supporting life in the hereafter were the Pyramid Texts inscribed within royal tombs toward the end of the Old Kingdom. In the Middle Kingdom, many texts were borrowed from the pyramid chambers and mingled with new spells; this new form, which today we call Coffin Texts, were usually written inside coffins. These eventually gave way to what we now know as the Book of the Dead. The collections of spells were usually written on [70+ foot] rolls of papyrus, that is, in the form of an Egyptian book.”
— Thomas Allen (1960), The Egyptian Book of the Dead [4]

“Everything in the Bible is taken from the Book of the Dead. Hellenistic, Roman religion, et al are copies of the Egyptian Book of Dead.”
— Calpurniso (2009), video (Ѻ) at 4:42; an oft-classified (Ѻ) extreme atheist (albeit abrasive)

“Over 1,500-years before Christian times, an ‘Egyptian Bible’ was carved in stone and thousands of copies were hidden in scrolls, deep within mausoleums and pyramids. Judeo-Christian belief systems and Bible stories were clearly borrowed from Egyptians, whence came also, by no coincidence, the Hebrew alphabet. The exercise in proof that follows can be repeated by anybody able to read a valid translation of the Egyptian glyphs into his or her native tongue. Borrow from your library a translation of the Egyptian Book of the Dead. I primarily cite interpretations by Peter Renouf (Ѻ)(Ѻ) (1904), Raymond Faulkner (Ѻ) (1972), and Wallis Budge (1895). A direct and pellucid connection is evident: the tales and liturgies of the Tanakh—as well as those of the New Testament, were plagiarisms of mystical and supernatural conjecture, much borrowed from Egyptian belief. Fifteen centuries before Jesus, the Egyptians worshiped a saintly savior named Horus. The Egyptian missals present proofs of the origins of the Judeo-Christian mythologies, res ipsa loquitur [the thing speaks for itself]. The Book of the Dead consists of ‘spells’. Consider these divine convictions: Born of mother Isis, Horus is the avenger of god, who is his father (Spells 17 and 92). "All that liveth" are subject to Horus (Spell 78). Horus delivered himself from evil (Spell 42), and Spell 92 promises to guide you to heaven. In Spells 52 and 53 we learn a miracle of "seven loaves" supplied by the son of god. Horus was born of mother Isis (who transformed into Neith or Nephthys, Spell 17)—a virgin, like so many mothers of sun-gods: Attis, Buddha, Dionysus, Krishna, Perseus, Prometheus, Mithras, Hercules, and of course, Jesus. In Spell 112 we discover an anti-pork diet. As in the later Hebrew religion, pork was forbidden among ancient Egyptians. Horus is the Prince of Eternity, Lord of mankind (Spell 42). Spell 97 tells of Horus purifying his soul with mikvah or baptism. Horus preaches a communion (Spell 19), and the blood of his mother is magical and holy (Spell 156). Digging deeper into the Egyptian sands and spiritual beliefs, we find other suspicious connections. The Christian Bible claims Jesus cured the blind (Mark 8:23) and the deaf (Mark 7:32-3). How did Jesus cure them? Jesus spat in their eyes (Mark 8:23), and stuck his fingers in their ears, licking and spitting on his medical patients. Many centuries before Jesus, Egyptian god Thoth cured Horus' torn-out eye by spitting on it (Spell 17). From the Pyramid Texts we learn that Horus loves "those who love him." Centuries later Jesus expresses the same sentiment and "he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him" (John 14:21).”
Michael Paulkovich (2013), No Meek Messiah (§: Egyptian Origins of Judeo-Christian Beliefs, pgs. 161-65)

“When Ogden Goelet and I first met to discuss the possibility of collaborating with each other in the mid-1980s, introduced by our colleague William Breeze, I was surprised to learn that the Egyptian Book of the Dead was considered ‘outside’ of the mainstream of then-modern Egyptian scholarship. However, as my friend, the Egyptian scholar Daniel Gunther, points out, true Egyptian scholarship is a comparatively young academic discipline. He makes clear that prior to the decipherment of the Rosetta Stone in the 1820s, absolutely everything that was posited about the meaning of these mysterious Egyptian texts was pure speculation.”
— James Wasserman (2014), “Thoughts on the Twentieth Anniversary Edition” [3]

References
1. Thims, Libb. (2019). Human Chemical Thermodynamics: Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities – Sociology, Economics, History, Philosophy, Ethics,
Government, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence, Religion, and Relationship (pdf). Publisher.
2. Paulkovich, Michael. (2013). No Meek Messiah: Christianity’s Lies, Laws and Legacy (§: Egyptian Origins of Judeo-Christian Beliefs, pgs. 161-65). Publisher.
3. Faulkner, Raymond. (1972). The Egyptian Book of the Dead: the Book of Coming Forth by Day: Complete Papyrus of Ani, Featuring Integrated Text and Full-Color Images (translator: Ogden Goelet; Preface: Carol Andrews; Introduction: Daniel Gunther; Foreword: James Wasserman) (Amz) (chapters, pg. 18; recensions, pg. 144). Chronicle Books, 2015.
4. Allen, Thomas. (1960). The Egyptian Book of the Dead: Documents in the Oriental Institute Museum at the University of Chicago (Ѻ)(pdf). University of Chicago Press.

External links
Book of the Dead – Wikipedia.

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