Elective Affinities | IAD: Project background

In Elective Affinities: IAD, the following is the project background page of online project. The earliest reactions to Goethe's novella seem to well find classification into Admirers | Enemies divide. Into the 1850s to modern times, however, a more slowed-down intellectual digestion of the work seems to have emerged, allowing for "commentators" to be classified as shown below:

Humanities scholar commentators | Content analyzers
The following is an historical listing of general content, hidden elements, and or embedded puzzles commentators on Elective Affinities:

George Lewes (1855): together with George Elliot, supposedly, in his Life of Goethe, “analyzed” the novel.
Victoria Woodhull (1871) [Introduction]
Herman Grimm (1875)
Hjalmar Boyesen (1885)
● S.H. Emery (1886) [3]
Henry Finck (1887)
Wilhelm Bolsche (1889)
Ernst Haeckel (1895): gave an account of it in his Riddle of the Universe.
Friedrich Gundolf (1916)
Walter Benjamin (1921) [Essay]
Georg Lukacs (1968): analyzed it in his Goethe and His Age.
William Lillyman (1980-present)
Judith Ryan (1983-present)
John Winkelman (1987) [Book]
David Constantine (1994) [Introduction]
Alfred Steer (1990) [Book]
● Isher-Paul Sahni (1996) MA thesis: “The Will to Act: an Analysis of Max Weber’s Sociology in Light of Goethe’s Fiction.” [2]
Gundula Sharman (1997) [Talk]
Julie Reahard (1997) [Book]
John Williams (1998)
Gordan Burgess (1999) [Book]: first computer-assisted analysis of novella.
Astrida Tantillo (2001) [Book]: first attempt to make a compilation and analysis book of the critics and commentators.
Martin Swales (2002)
Erika Swales (2002)
Stanley Corngold (2003) [Lecture]
● Matthew Bell (2014) (Ѻ)
John Armstrong (2006)
Bernard Joly (2006)
Carl Krockel (2007) [PhD]
Nicholas Boyle (2007), Goethe, Die Wahlverwandtschaften, Lecture at University of Cambridge (Ѻ)
Stefani Engelstein (2008)
● Karen Pinkus (2009)
Helmut Huhn (2010) [Book]: first multi-collaborator compendium of analysis's on the novella.
Takaoki Matsui (2010)
Irina Strout (2011)
Frode Pedersen (2011)
● Lucia Salvato (2014) (Ѻ)
Matthew Bell (2014)

Chemists | Physical scientists to have cited Elective Affinities
See main: Scientists who've cite Elective Affinities
The following is a list of chemists, chemical engineers, and chemistry historians and other scientists who have cited Goethe’s 1809 human elective affinity theory:

1905 | Wilhelm Ostwald | Sixth Lecture: Affinity Lecture at MIT.
1910 | Fielding Garrison | comment: "seems so plausible and fascinating".
1969 | Jeremy Adler | Goethe’s ‘Elective Affinity’ and the Chemistry of his Time
1978 | Pierre Laszlo | “All Kinds of Affinities”
1984 | Ilya Prigogine | Order Out of Chaos (pgs. 64, 319)
1995 | Jean-Marie Lehn | Supramolecular Chemistry (pg. 2)
1995 | Roald Hoffmann | The Same and Not the Same (pgs. 58, 88-89, 179-80, 256) [43]
1995 | Joel Janin | protein thermodynamics article “Elusive Affinities”. [41]
1997 | Kevin Yee | The Captain as Catalyst in Goethe's Wahlverwandtschaften
2000 | Jurgen Mimkes | "Society as a Many Particle System" (pg. 2)
2003 | Mi Gyung Kim | Affinity, That Elusive Dream (pgs. 1-2)
2004 | Tominaga Keii | Heterogeneous Kinetics (section: Chemical Affinity in 1806, pgs. 16-17)
2007 | Libb Thims | Human Chemistry (ch. 10: Goethe's Affinities, pgs. 371-422)
2008 | Philip Ball | "Literary Reactions" in Science World
2010 | Sam Kean | The Case of the Disappearing Spoon (ch. 14: Artistic Elements)

Commentators | Chemical theory
The following is the listing of human chemical theory commentators:

Fielding Garrison (1909)
Betty Dobbs (1875)
Ilya Prigogine (1984)
Roald Hoffmann (1995)
Kevin Yee (1997)
Tominaga Keii (2004)
Stefan Blechschmidt (2009)
Sam Kean (2010)
Commentators | Reaction theory analyzers
The following is the listing of human chemical reaction theory commentators:

Arthur Schopenhauer (1816)
Jeremy Adler (1977) [PhD]: done on the reactions and chemists used.
Alfred Steer (1990)
Karl Fink (1999)
Libb Thims (2007) [Textbook]
Ryan Grannell (2011)
Xavier Duran (2012)

The “illustrated and annotated” reprinting idea came to Thims while making the Goethe timeline (27 Apr to 7 Mar 2012) and noting all of the diverse artwork, criticism, and commentary produced in regards to Goethe’s greatest work, and coming to the view that a single-book collection of all of this information, and historical commentary, would well serve as a guide to the new reader of Elective Affinities, the physical science dissection, following German physicist Hermann Helmholtz’s 1882 “On the Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes”, mandating the requirements of a proficiency in the chemical thermodynamics language of partial differential equations dating back to at least the time of the Euler reciprocity relation and Leonhard Euler’s formulation of the integrating factor method of the exact differential.

On 6 May 2012, Thims tentatively contracted American artist Nina Ilieva to add modern upgrade artistic renditions to the sections lacking depiction. On May 7th, in the early morning, prior to discovering the Boyesen illustrated reprint, Thims sent the following email to Goethean scholar Karl Fink, summarizing the project, in attempt to query him as to the best pre-1930s "public domain" English translations:

“I've been making a Goethe timeline these last two weeks (you are at 1999). Please feel free to forward me important dates, in regards to the science, dates, criticism, and or followup of Elective Affinities, that you see that I am missing. I may make the timeline into a one-hour video; and may possibly do a 2013 book publication Elective Affinities: Annotated and Illustrated, with the representative Bergman reaction for each chapter, with footnoted commentary on each chapter, as scholars have seen and discussed the hidden coded elements of each chapter over the years, and as modern human chemical thermodynamics sees things. In regards to this tentative project, I already have two book illustrator artists lined up; to make artwork for chapters that don't already have preexisting art historically, e.g. Wilhelm Kaulbach (e.g. Ottilie on the Lake); and as a first step, I will likely pick a public domain translation, upload each chapter online, into wiki format, and edit, illustrate, and annotate each chapter individually, and publicly.”

Later in the day, May 7th, while making the "Elective Affinities (translations)" page, in an effort to catalog all known English translators, Thims discovered the Hjalmar Boyesen illustrated reprint Elective Affinities, via the The Online Library of Liberty, which in 2012 posted single-page semi-formatted online version Boyesen-version, with poor quality image scans, to the Internet, along with the Wilhelm Meister’s Travels, all on one continuous 110-page long Internet page. [1] This finding launched the project (started: 7 May 2012).

Further reading
● Hodge, Joanna. (2005). “The Timing of Elective Affinity: Walter Benjamin’s Strong Aesthetics”, in: Walter Benjamin and Art (editor: Andrew Benjamin)(§2, pgs. 14-31; quote, pg. 21; note 13, pg. 252). Continuum International Publishing Group.

North American dissertations
(1886-2008) (link)

● Gould, Robert David. “Elective Affinities: An Investigation of the Influence of Goethe’s Thinking on Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. Princeton University 1970.
● O’Neill, Mary Jane. “‘Zwiespalt im Gemüt’: Ambiguity in Goethe’s Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. Washington University 1974.
● Erickson, Susan Joan. “A Reading of Goethe’s Die Wahlverwandtschaften and Musil’s Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften.” Diss. Yale University 1977.
● Nolan, Erika Johanna. “Anteil und Schicksal: Versuch über das Verhältnis von Charakter und Geschehen in Goethes Roman Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. University of Chicago 1978.
● Leonhard, Sigrun Dagmar. “Verfehlte Vermittlung: Eine Interpretation von Goethes Roman Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. Stanford University 1983.
● Puszkar, Norbert. “Symbolik, Bildlichkeit und Mimesis sozialer Verhältnisse in Goethes Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. University of Southern California 1985.
● Reahard, Julie A. “‘From an Unknown Center to an Unknowable Boundary’: Chaos Theory, Hermeneutics, and Goethe’s Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. University of Colorado at Boulder 1991.
● Fry, Ingrid Elisabeth. “Elective Affinities: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Concept of Bildung and Its Influence on the American Transcendentalist Writers Emerson, Fuller and Thoreau.” Diss. Washington University 1994.
● Sczyrba, Johannes D. “Illusionsbildung bei Landschaftsbeschreibungen in Goethes Wahlverwandtschaften und Flauberts Madame Bovary.” Diss. University of Colorado at Boulder 1994.
●Trepanier, Michele. “Food, Flesh and Death: Anorexic Discourse in Goethe’s Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” M.A. McGill University (Canada) 1999.
● Schwartz, Peter Joseph. “After Jena: Historical Notes on Goethe’s Elective Affinities.” Diss. Columbia University 2002.
● Schreiber, Anne. “The Theatrical Construction of Identity in Goethe’s Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre and Die Wahlverwandtschaften.” Diss. The University of Iowa 2003.

1. (a) Goethe, Johann. (1885). Goethe’s Works, Illustrated by the Best German Artists, 5 volumes (by Hjalmar Boyesen) (Volume 5: W. Meister’s Travels; Elective Affinities (Part I, pgs. 231-297; Part II, pgs. 298-369; Index, pg. 371; Index of engravings, pgs. 370-76)). Philadelphia: George Barrie.
(b) Compare the 2012 version done (link) by the Online Library of Liberty.
2. Sahni, Isher-Paul. (1996). “The Will to Act: an Analysis of Max Weber’s Sociology in Light of Goethe’s Fiction” (pdf), MA thesis, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Aug.
3. Emery, S.H. (1886). “The Elective Affinities”, Lecture at the Concord School of Philosophy; in: The Life and Genius of Goethe (§9:251-89) (editor: Franklin Sanborn). Ticknor.

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