Embodied energy

In hmolscience, embodied energy is an “energy theory of value”, promoted in ecological economics, generally the brainchild of Howard T. Odum (1983) and Robert Costanza (1980), conceptualized as the total direct energy and indirect energy required to produce an economic or environmental good; the energy “embodied” in an automobile, e.g., is the energy consumed directly in the manufacturing plant, plus all the energy consumed indirectly to produce other inputs to the manufacturing process. [1]

References
1. Adams, Richard N. (1988). The Eighth Day: Social Evolution as the Self-Organization of Energy (pg. 95). University of Texas Press.

External links
‚óŹ Embodied energy – Wikipedia.

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