Evolution timeline

In timelines, evolution timeline shows some of the main intermediates, e.g. quarks, leptons, bosons, atoms, molecules, biomolecules, bacteria molecules,
fish, reptiles, etc., involved in the synthesis or formation of modern humans (human molecules) over the last 13.7 billion years of time of the known dynamics
of the universe (the symbol E is short for the power of ten, e.g. E2 = 10²):






Picture:

Big bang pointQuarksLeptonsBosonsProton (structure)NeutronHydrogen atomHeliumLithium (atom) (175px)Beryllium (diagram) (175px)
Boron (diagram) (175px)
CarbonCobalt (diagram)hydrogen atomsSuperclusters mapVirgo Supercluster (400px)Local group (250px)Milky Way (200px)SunEarth (300px)Water (geometric)
Water molecule
Methane (2D)
Methane (ball-n-stick)
Ammonia (2D)
Ammonia (3D)
Methanol (flat structure)
Methanol
DTA walking gif
AQ carrying
urea (stick figure)
Urea
[Untitled]
NADH (spacefill)
Coenzyme A (200px)Amino acid (200px)Phospholipid (200px)RNA (200px)DNA (200px)Myoglobin (f)hemoglobinVirus (200px)poliovirusUnknown shape (200px)Cell as molecule (labeled)Unknown shape (200px)BacteriaCoccoid cyanobacteriaCoccoid cyanobacteria (2.15 bya)ChoanoflagellateFlatwormGreenfishWalking fishAmphibian (200px)ReptilePangaea (200px)Triconodont (s)ShrewLemurOld world monkey (vervet)ChimanzeeKenyanthropus platyopsAustralopithecus afarensis (lucy)Homo habilisHomo erectus (c)Early humanAfrican manPakistanIndianAsianAustralianEuropean (George V)SiberianJapaneseSwedianEskimoAmerican IndianSouth AmericanIrishThomas JeffersonCharles Darwin (1859)Man in jungleUnknown shape (200px)
Name:Before Bang?Big BangQuarksLeptonsBosonsProtonNeutronHydrogen
(H-1, H-2, H-3)
Helium
(He-3, He-4)
Lithium
(Li-6, Li-7)
Beryllium, Boron
Carbon to Iron
(stellar nucleosynthesis)
Cobalt to Uranium
(explosive nucleosynthesis)
Hydrogen moleculesSupercluster map
(region of ~50 superclusters)
Virgo Supercluster
(association of ~100 groups/clusters)
Local Group
(a group of ~50 galaxies)
Milky WaySun
(sun molecule)
Earth
(earth molecule)
WaterMethaneAmmoniaMethanolDTA
(9,10-DiThioAnthracene)
AQ
(AnthraQuinone)
UreaNADHCoenzyme AAmino acidPhospholipid
RNADNAMyoglobinHemoglobinVirus
(avian flu)
PoliovirusProto-bacteria A
Proto-bacteria B
(see: cell-as-molecule)
Proto-bacteria C
Bacteria
(cluster of E. coli)
Coccoid cyanobacteria
(fossil, Australia)
Coccoid cyanobacteria
(fossil, Canada)
ChoanoflagellateAquatic flatwormFishWalking fishAmphibian
(first land dwellers)
ReptilePangaeaTriconodontShrewLemurOld World MonkeyChimpanzee Kenyanthropus platyops Australopithecus afarensis
Homo habilisHomo erectus
Early human
(human molecule)
Y-chromosome man
(DNA tracing, Africa)
MediterraneanIndianAsian
AustralianEuropean
(George V)
SiberianJapenese Scandinavian
(
Magnus Samuelsson)
Alaskan
(Eskimo)
North American

South AmericanIrishAmerican
(Thomas Jefferson)
English
(Charles Darwin)
Man hunting
(faces of tomorrow)
Evolved human

Formula:





u_2 d \ d_2 u \ HHeLiBe (4p) - B (5p)C (6p) - Fe (26p)Co (27p) - U (92p)2H2



HE57HeE56OE54CE53NeE53
NE53FeE52SiE53MgE52SE52

OE50FeE49SiE49MgE49SE48AlE48NiE48CaE48CrE47NaE46KE46HE46TiE46FE45CE45PE45MnE44SrE44BaE44ClE44
VE44LiE44ZrE43RbE43ZnE44CuE43NE43BE43CeE43CoE43ScE43NdE43GaE43BeE43LaE42NbE42PbE42PrE42
SmE42ThE42GdE42DyE42YE42GeE42ArE42ErE41CsE41UrE41HfE41YbE41SnE41EuE41TaE41AsE41MoE41HoE41
WE41TbE41BrE41TlE40LuE40TmE40HeE40SbE40IE40CdE40InE40AgE40SeE40HgE39BiE39TeE39RuE38PdE38
AuE38PtE38NeE38ReE38RhE37OsE37KrE36IrE35XeE35RaE35PaE32AcE30AtE30PoE30RnE28TcE23PmE23FrE23
H2OCH4NH3CH4OC14H10S2

"walking molecule"

C14H8O2

"molecular carrier"
CH4N2OC21H27N7O14P2C21H36N7O16P3SH2NCHRCOOH
[C10H16O13N5P2]N


|—————————|
1-nm

C560H868O168N140P70S60C2932H4724N828O840S8Fe4

|—————————|
30-nm
C332,652H492,388N98,245O131,196P7,501S2,340

|—————————|
50-nm
CE3HE3OE4NE4PE2SE2Ca50K50CE5HE5OE4NE4PE2SE2CaE2
KE2ClE2NaE2
CE7HE7OE6NE6PE4SE4CaE4
KE3ClE3NaE3MgE2FeE2
CE10HE10OE10NE9PE8SE8CaE8KE6
ClE6NaE6MgE6FeE5SiE4MnE2CoE2
|——————————|
6-μm




|——————————|
50-μm


|——————————|
10-mm
CE22HE22OE22NE21PE20SE19CaE20
KE18ClE18NaE18MgE18FeE17FE17
ZnE16SiE16CuE15IE14MnE14
SeE14MoE13CoE13VE12





CE25HE25OE25NE25PE23SE22CaE21
KE21ClE21NaE21MgE21FeE20FE20
ZnE19SiE19CuE19BE18IE17MnE17
SeE18CrE18MoE16CoE16VE16

CE26HE26OE26NE25PE24SE23CaE23
KE22ClE22NaE22MgE22FeE21FE21
ZnE20SiE20CuE19BE19IE18MnE18
SeE18CrE18MoE17CoE17VE16





CE27HE27OE27NE26PE25SE24CaE25
KE24ClE24NaE24MgE24FeE23FE23
ZnE22SiE22CuE21BE21IE20SnE20MnE20
SeE20CrE20NiE20MoE19CoE19VE18

















Date:
13.7 billion
years ago
10E-32 seconds after bang10E-32 seconds after bang10E-32 seconds
after bang
100 seconds
after bang
100 seconds
after bang


Minutes
after bang

13.5 billion
years ago





13.2 billion
years ago
4.6 billion
years ago
4.5 billion
years ago
4.4 billion
years ago

















4.2 billion
years ago

3.9 billion years ago3.5 billion years ago2.2 billion years ago900 million years ago550 million years ago500 million years ago
400 million years ago365 million years ago350 million years ago
250 million years ago220 million years ago100 million years ago45 million years ago25 million years ago5.5 million years ago3.7 million years ago3.2 million years ago2.4 million
years ago
1.8 million years ago150,000 years ago59,000 years ago
(last common ancestor)
55,000 years ago55,000 years ago50,000 years ago40,000 years ago35,000 years ago34,000 years ago32,000 years ago12,000 years ago15,000 years ago12,000 years ago11,000 years ago9,000 years ago330 years ago1859
Present day10 years into the future - 7.5 billion years into the future


American chemical engineer Ted Erickson, pointing to a printed version of the evolution timeline, at a 2010 lecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology:

Consciousness (Erikson, 2010)

attempting to argue to engineer Libb Thims and physicist David Gore, that Planck length particles have consciousness. [8]

The above table was compiled using a aggregate of sources. [1] English naturalist Charles Darwin, of course, was the first to speculate, in a 1871 letter to English botanist Joseph Hooker, on the possible origins of humans in the big picture scheme of things:

“[The original spark of life may have begun in] a warm little pond, with all sorts of ammonia and phosphoric salts, lights, heat, electricity, etc. present, so that a protein compound was chemically formed ready to undergo still more complex changes.”
▬d▬▬
Quote: “a 4.4 billion-year-old zircon grain, from a rock in Australia, was found to contain oxygen isotope ratios indicative of water on Earth’s surface. Since life requires water, 4.4 billion years represents a possible oldest date for life on Earth, but is unconfirmed by fossil evidence.” [4]

Neil Shubin (quote): “One of the great transitions in the history of life: the invasion of land by fish … for billions of years, all life lived only in water … then, as of about 365 million years ago, creatures also inhabited land.” [5]

American biologist Lynn Marguis, noted for her endosymbiotic hypothesis, gives the best description of what bacterial sex and reproduction would have been like about 3.85 billion years ago. [3]

American geneticist Spencer Wells gives the best overview of "Mitochondrial Eve", of the 1987 mtDNA genetic tracing work of Rebecca Cann, quote: "all mitochondrial DNAs stem from one woman who is postulated to have lived about 200,000 years ago, probably in Africa", and "Y-chromosome Adam", as a man, who lived in Africa 59,000 years ago, which every person alive today is descendant from. [2]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬


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Fictionalized "life" (biological) / "non-life" (molecular) divide [7]

Life Nonlife divide (1986)

References
1. (a) Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume One) (preview), (ch. 5: "Molecular Evolution", pgs. 121-146). Morrisville, NC: LuLu. (g) Timeline of human evolution – Wikipedia.
(h) Nucleosynthesis – Wikipedia.
(b) Thims, Libb. (2008). The Human Molecule (preview) (docstoc). Morrisville, NC: LuLu. (i) Big Bang nucleosynthesis (elements H through Be) – Wikipedia.
(c) Clavin, William H. (2002). A Brain for all Seasons: Human Evolution and Abrupt Climate Change. University of Chicago Press.(j) Stellar nucleosynthesis (elements B through Fe) – Wikipedia.
(k) Explosive nucleosynthesis (elements Co through U) – Wikipedia.
(d) Rees, Martin. (2005). Universe: the Definitive Visual Guide (Beginning of the universe timeline, pgs. 46-49). Dorling Kindersley.(l) Haywood, John. (2001). Atlas of World History (section: Peopling the Earth: 100,000 - 10,000 Years Ago, pg. 1.02). Barnes & Noble.
(e) Kauffman, Stuart A. (1995). At Home in the Universe: the Search for the Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity (Cyanobacteria fossil pictures, pgs. 11-12). Oxford University Press.
(f) Savage, Donald, Wolpert, Stuart, Clark, Cindy, Dybas, Cherly. (2009). “Life on Earth Began at Least 3.85 Billion Years Ago, 400 Million Years Earlier than previously Thought, Scientists Say.” NASA, Jun 16.

2. Wells, Spencer. (2002). The Journey of Man: a Genetic Odyssey (pgs. 30, 54). Princeton University Press.
3. (a) Margulis, Lynn and Sagan, Dorion. (1995). What is Life? University of California Press.
Margulis, Lynn and Sagan, Dorion. (1997). What is Sex? Simon & Schuster.
4. source: The First Spark of Life, PDF display, The Story of Time and Life, City College of San Francisco, 2009).
5. Shubin, Neil. (2008). Your Inner Fish: A Journey to the 3.5-Billion-Year History of the Human Body (pgs. 5-6). Pantheon.
6. Lavoie, Amy. (2009). “Human Colonization of Australia and the Americas Examined”, Harvard University Gazette Online, April 23.
7. (a) Bailey, James E. and Ollis, David F. (1986). Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals (pg. 4). McGraw-Hill.
(b) Loesy, Ariel G and Siekevitz, Philip. (1969). Cell Structure and Function (pg. 35). Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.
8. (a) Erikson, Ted A. (2009). “What Makes Us Human: Panpsychism and Thermodynamics Explored”, In: Philosophy of Evolution, in publication (2010).
(b) Talk given to the AIChE students at IIT on April 01, 2010.

Face | Evolution
The following is a circa 2014 face evolution diagram (Ѻ), worm to humans, adapted from David Peters’ From the Beginning: the Story of Human Evolution (1991), with update missing steps, e.g. Neil Shubin’s Tiktallik (2006), i.e. "walking fish", shown in gray, added:

human face evolution 800p

(add discussion)

System of Mammalia | 1790
The following is a 1790 “System of Mammalia” developmental diagram: (Ѻ)

Mammalia 1Mammalia 2Mammalia 3Mammalia 4Mammalia 5Mammalia 6Mammalia 7Mammalia 8Mammalia 9Mammalia 10Mammalia 11Mammalia 12

human evolution (60 million years)Ape vs Monkey
The following is an “ape vs monkey” diagram, showing that apes are tailless, where has monkeys have tails:
Ape vs monkey

which is a related top in evolution, being that many frequently assert that humans evolved (or didn’t evolve) from monkeys, whereas technically humans evolved (or metamorphosized) from apes. The terminological issue becomes mute past a certain point going into the point, in that humans, monkeys, and apes are each types of primates, who evolved from lizards, who evolved from, fish, who evolved from worms, who transformed from smaller animate molecules, who where synthesized from the hydrogen atom, which formed from subatomic particles.

Specifically, the earliest hominid species diverged from the ancestor we share with modern African apes, 5 to 8 million years ago.

Other timelines
The following are classical and or humors depictions of the evolution of the human from apes and before:

DatePictureReference












c.1863
Human and ape skeletons (Huxley)









Supposedly from Thomas Huxley’s 1863 Man’s Place in Nature (link).






c.1950
Ape to human evolution display (skeletons)



Display: "The Evolution of the Ape to Human" at the Peabody Museum, Yale University (link).



















1986
Evolution chart (humor) (nine steps)















Supposedly from: The Collapse of Evolution (1986) by Scott M. Huse, Chick Publications; and used in creation seminars of Kent Hovind.
(link1, link2)










1996
Evolution timeline (state school board)













c.2000
Evolution timeline (man looking)










c.2000
Evolution of man (five steps)







c.2000
human evolution timeline (computer)





2004
Evolution of man (Jared Diamond)


The skeletal evolution of man as seen on the cover of Jared Diamond's 1991/2004 book The Third Chimpanzee.









2006
Human evolution (cartoon style)













2007
human evolution timeline (chasing woman)





link










2007
Human evolution (seeding up)



















2008
human evolution (halting)














2008
Evolution debate (evolution of man) Kansas city (cartoon)










2008
Evolution of woman (Edward Humes)

Evolution of woman diagram from Edward Humes 2008 book Monkey Girl.

Origin of life (colloquial view)





Origin of life

Elective affinities problem







Origin of life

See also

Chain of being

Further reading
● Weinberg, Steven. (1993). The First Three Minutes: a Modern View of the Origin of the Universe. Basic books.
● Olson, Steve. (2002). Mapping Human History: Genes, Race, and Our Common Origins. Houghton Mifflin Company.

External links
Timeline of evolution – Wikipedia.
List of molecules in interstellar space – Wikipedia.
Human ancestry (species profiles and hominid imagery) – ArchaeologyInfo.com.
● Lloyd, Emma. (2008). “A Human Evolution Timeline”, Aug 31, BrightHub.com.

EoHT symbol

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