# Famous publications

In science, famous publications are a number of memoirs, books, and textbook that have been instrumental in the development of chemistry and thermodynamics. The following table lists famous core publications particularly germane to the subjects of human chemistry and human thermodynamics. Short articles on selections of these publications are listed in the “Wiki pages” file subsection (adjacent) to this header page; others are listed below.

List
The following is the work-in-progress list of famous hmolscience-related publications. Highlighted publications indicate pure classic works on human thermodynamics:

 Date Famous Publication Significance 450BC Fragments of Aphorismsby: Empedocles Introduced the four elements and two force model of everything; wherein, in his chemical aphorisms, friends were said to mix like water and wine, and enemies separate like oil and water. 280BC Letter To Herodotusby: Epicurus Gives a nutshell synopsis of his matter + void theory of everything (Ѻ); a staple publication of Thomas Jefferson's philosophy. 75BC On the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura)by: Lucretius Outlined the basics of the atomic theory as developed by Leucippus, Democritus, and Epicurus in which the universe, and humans, are comprised of and worked by the operation of atoms and voids. The version shown is a 1947 three-volume set comprised of prolegomena, text, translation, and commentary by Cyril Bailey. (Ѻ) 1616 Chemical Weddingby: Johannes Andreae 1620 Elements of Chemistryby: Herman Boerhaave Established Boerhaave's law; later used by Lavoisier. 1660 New Experiments: Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air, and its Effects: Made, for the most part, in a New Pneumatical Engineby: Robert Boyle In defense of this publication, found in the 1662 second edition, contains Boyle's law, a forerunner to the ideal gas law. 1686 Principia: the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophyby: Isaac Newton Established the laws of motion: first law of motion, second law of motion, and third law of motion. 1690 A New Method of Obtaining Very Great Motive Powers at Small Costby: Denis Papin Laid out the designs for the steam engine and described the outline of the Carnot cycle. 1718 "Query 31"by: Isaac Newton Seeded the logic of affinity chemistry; used by French chemist Étienne Geoffroy to make the world's first affinity table. 1718 Table of Affinities Between Different SubstancesBy: Étienne Geoffroy Put the verbal chemical hierarchy reaction power logic of Newton's Query 31 into the form of the world's first affinity table (see: Geoffroy's affinity table). 1738 Hydrodynamicaby: Daniel Bernoulli Defined pressure and verbally stated the precepts of the ideal gas law. 1775 A Dissertation on Elective Attractionsby: Torbern Bergman The founding textbook of chemical affinity; used by Goethe in his human elective afffinity theory. 1777 “Newton in Senegal”by: Jean Sales A ridicule of soul-based morality via social Newton logic. 1782 “On Friendship”by: William Cowper Described the mixing of courtier and patriot to that of salts with lemon juice, both resulting in an effervescence; one of the first reaction-stylized Empedocles chemical aphorism. 1787 Elements of Chemistryby: Antoine Lavoisier Introduced the world, and particularly Sadi Carnot, to caloric theory. 1796 “Third Lecture on Anatomy”by: Johann Goethe Discusses chemical affinity for the first time. 1798 "An Enquiry Concerning the Source of the Heat which is Excited by Friction"by: Benjamin Thomson Laid question to Lavoisier's caloric theory; thus initiating the postulate of the mechanical equivalent of heat. 1809 Elective Affinitiesby: Johann Goethe Founded the science of human chemistry by explaining the mechanisms of human relationships, e.g. marriage, friendships, daily work, occupation, and society, etc., in terms the logic of elective affinity (or chemical affinity A) and affinity reactions (chemical reactions). 1824 Reflections on the Motive Power of Fireby: Sadi Carnot Initiated the science of thermodynamics with its description of the Carnot cycle. 1829 Calculation of the Effect of Machinesby: Gustave Coriolis Mathematically defined work and kinetic energy. 1834 “Memoir on the Motive Power of Fire”by: Émile Clapeyron Introduced physicists (particularly Thomson and Clausius) to Carnot's Reflections. 1840 “The Establishment and Development of the Idea of Chemical Affinity” by: William Whewell c.1845 "The Mathematician in Love"by: William Rankine Gives the first ever equation of love in proto-thermodynamic terms. 1845 “On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat”by: James Joule Established the mechanical equivalent of heat. 1848 “On an Absolute Thermometric Scale founded on Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat, and Calculated from Regnault’s Observations.”by: William Thomson Introduced the absolute temperature scale. 1849 “An Account of Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat; with Numerical Results Deduced from Regnault’s Experiments on Steam”by: William Thomson Introduced Clausius to the difficulties inherent in Carnot's principle. 1850 "On the Moving Force of Heat and the Laws of Heat which may be Deduced Therefrom"by: Rudolf Clausius Began to lay the foundations for the science of thermodynamics (mechanical theory of heat). 1851 “On the Dynamical Theory of Heat"by: William Thomson Contains the Kelvin-statement of the second law. 1852 “On a Universal Tendency in Nature to the Dissipation of Mechanical Energy”by: William Thomson Introduced dissipation and energy to the lay public; and established the law of dissipation. 1855 Force and Matterby: Ludwig Buchner 1857 "On the Nature of the Motion which we call Heat"by: Rudolf Clausius Initiated kinetic theory of gases and later the development of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. 1859 A Manual of the Steam Engine and Other Prime Moversby: William Rankine First textbook on thermodynamics. 1859 On the Origin of Speciesby: Charles Darwin Situated the theory of evolution as an upward process. 1865 The Mechanical Theory of Heatby: Rudolf Clausius Founded the science of thermodynamics. 1868 Philosophical Implications of Thermodynamicsby: Gustave Hirn First book to address the philosophical ramifications of the newly-formed universal science of thermodynamics; Hirn's work is that to which the term 'human thermodynamics' was first used (1893). 1872 "Further Studies on the Thermal Equilibrium of Gas Molecules"by: Ludwig Boltzmann Contained the first explicit probabilistic expression, the H-theorem, for the entropy of an ideal gas. 1874 “The Mathematician in Love”by: William Rankine A equation of love containing poem about love being a type of thermodynamic potential. 1876 On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substancesby: Willard Gibbs Founded the science of chemical thermodynamics. 1877 “On a Relation between the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Probabilities”by: Ludwig Boltzmann Contains the origins of proportionality equation between S and log W (S = k ln W). 1878 “A Paradoxical Ode”by: James Maxwell Maxwell's final private thoughts about the relationship of science and religion, choice and chance, death and eternity. 1881 Outline of a Mechanics of Societyby: Eduard Sacher One of the first explicit “social mechanics” treatises, wherein, based on the work of Robert Mayer and Rudolf Clausius, physics and thermodynamics concepts, such as kinetic energy, the mechanical equivalent of heat, principle of the transmission of work, are used to outline a theory of "rational economics". 1882 "The Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes"by: Hermann Helmholtz Showed that free energy is the measure of affinity. 1884 Studies in Chemical Dynamicsby: Jacobus van't Hoff Defined affinity as the maximum external work done by the chemical reaction at constant temperature and volume 1886 "The Second Law of Thermodynamics"by: Ludwig Boltzmann Introduced the life is a struggle for entropy riddle. 1887 The Doctrine of Energyby: Georg Helm First book to contain a chapter devoted to the application of energetics (and thermodynamics) in sociology and economics. 1888 The Will to Power: An Attempt at a Revaluation of All Valuesby: Friedrich Nietzsche A collection of 1067 draft notes aimed, supposedly, at a thermodynamics based reformulation of all values; claimed by some to be the prolegomenon outline of his ideas to his envisioned magnum opus. 1893 "The Scientific Work of Gustav Adolph Hirn"by: Bryan Donkin The term "human thermodynamics" was coined in it. 1894 “Among the Bards”by: John Spollon 1895 “A Project for Scientific Psychology”by: Sigmund Freud Outlined of a chemical thermodynamics based psychology; the Helmholtz terms 'bound energy' and 'unbound energy' were first employed in a psychological sense. 1898 Essay on Social Mechanicsby: Leon Winiarski The first paper on human chemical thermodynamics; based sociology on the Clausius inequality, according to which “a social aggregate is nothing but a system of points, i.e. individuals, who are in perpetual movement of approaching or withdrawing from one another.” 1899 Lessons on Social Movementby: Maurice Hauriou Explains large scale social movements, i.e. gross aspects of business, social events, states of a society, etc., in terms of pure thermodynamics, using Carnot efficiency, Mayer's conservation of energy, and Clausius' entropy, etc., discussed in the guise of mechanism and reaction. 1900 "The Teaching of Pure Political Economics and Social Mechanics in Switzerland"by: Leon Winiarski The first article to outline (and advocate) the teaching of a course on applied thermodynamics in sociology, politics, and economics at the University of Geneva (1894-1900). 1901 “On the Law of Distribution of Energy in the Normal Spectrum”by: Max Planck Introduced the “energy element”, launching quantum mechanics, solved the ultraviolet catastrophe, applied Boltzmann’s 1872 H-theorem version of entropy, in the form of S = k log W, to black body radiation, situated the principle of elementary disorder. 1905 "Affinity Lecture"by: Wilhelm Ostwald Did a Goethe to Gibbs affinity history lecture. 1910 “Monistic Sunday Sermons”by: Wilhelm Ostwald A series of 60 plus sermons or lectures on how energy-based monism replaces god-based theism, and the repercussions and details of this view; a type of natural science based atheism Sunday school, so to say, devoid of any supernatural suppositions. 1910 A Letter to American Teachers of Historyby: Henry Adams Argued that the teaching of the second law in history courses (history thermodynamics) should be mandatory. 1912 The Energetic Imperativeby: Wilhelm Ostwald Introduced the subject he called "anthropic physics", based on the energetic imperative, translated later into the thermodynamic imperative and the translated rule-of-thumb "waste not free energy" (William Bayliss, 1915) 1912 Treatise on General Sociologyby: Vilfredo Pareto A "construction of a system of sociology on the model of celestial mechanics, physics, and chemistry." 1914 Human Chemistryby: William Fairburn First booklet on the science of human chemistry; viewing people as "human chemical elements" with ideas on human entropy, affinities, reactions of individuals, etc. 1914 “The European War”by: Eugene Roeber Gives a chemical engineering view of WWI (28 Jul 1914 – 11 Nov 1918), wherein he stated that WWI was a gigantic chemical reaction governed by the second law, wherein people’s free will becomes like that of the will of “free” ions of dissociation theory; that entropy will increase as the war goes; that the end result will be a new Europe closer to absolute zero of temperature. 1923 Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substancesby: Gilbert Lewis Made the obtuse concepts of Gibbs' Equilibrium readily available to the chemists. 1925 The Animate and the Inanimateby: William Sidis An attempt at a reconciliation of the second law with animated life on the premise of entropy reversal. 1925 Elements of Physical Biologyby: Alfred Lotka Attempted a reversible heat engine deconstruct of systems of interacting evolving biological species. 1927 "Transmission of Information"by: Ralph Hartley Introduced the logarithmic model $H = n \log s \,$for information, where H is the amount of information associated with n selections of s possible signals (0s or 1s). 1929 “On the Decrease in Entropy in a Thermodynamic System by the Intervention of Intelligent Beings”by: Leo Szilard Disposed of Maxwell's demon via showing that the information collection abilities of the demon would require energy. 1933 Modern Thermodynamics by the Methods of Willard Gibbsby: Edward Guggenheim The second book to distill Gibbs' Equilibrium. 1938 Man on His Natureby: Charles Sherrington Parlay into the defunct theory of life position. 1938 The Phenomenon of Manby: Pierre Teilhard Attempts a reconciliation synthesis of evolution, the second law, consciousness, and religion. 1941 “Metabolic Generation and Utilization of Phosphate Bond Energy”by: Fritz Lipmann Presented the theory of free energy coupling in the context of phosphate bond energy use. 1941 “The Story of the Contented Molecule”by: Quaker State Motor Oil Empedocles-style children's parable. 1944 What is Life?by: Erwin Schrödinger Introduced the lay world to the simplified postulate that life is something that "feeds on negative entropy". 1948 We Human Chemicalsby: Thomas Dreier A "soft" storyteller like version human chemistry and how people are chemicals who react together in various ways. 1952 The Next Million Yearsby: C.G. Darwin The first book to use the terms "human molecule" and "human thermodynamics" in one theory 1955 “It’s a Chemical Reaction, That’s All”By: Cole Porter A song, based on the "love is a chemical reaction" scene from the 1939 film Ninotchka, turned Broadway musical, turned MGM film Silk Stockings, themed on during the lead female character states that a leading Russian scientist has “proved that physical attraction is purely electrochemical”, that she has worked for 30-years on this proof, concluding in the end that this is a fact of science and “facts are facts”, after which the following song ensues: When the electromagnetic of the he-male Meets the electromagnetic of the female, If right away she should say, "This is the male!" It's a chemical reaction, that's all. 1956 Thermodynamics of Humansby: Mehdi Bazargan One of the first books to describe human existence and function using thermodynamics formulations. 1956 “The Thermodynamic Activity of the Male Housefly”by: Kaj Lang A spoof article on anyone who cited Schrodinger's What is Life, scaled up to the fly level, and or Alfred Lotka stylized physical chemistry methods applied at the insect to animal interaction scale. 1957 "Free Energies of Formation from the Elements" in: Energy Transformations in Living Matter (by: Hans Krebs and Hans Kornberg)by: Keith Burton Lists free energy of formation values ΔGfº for about 100 bioorganic species of biochemical reactions, able to make predictions on reactions that had not yet occurred. 1971 “Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real World”by: Frederick Rossini Argued, using the combined law and equilibrium constant, that the interplay between enthalpy and entropy explains the paradox between freedom and security in society. 1971 The Entropy Lawby: Nicholas Georgescu Introduced entropy to the economists. 1972 "Thermodynamics of Evolution"by: Ilya Prigogine, Gregoire Nicolis, Agnes Babloyantz An attempt at a nonequilibrium thermodynamics explanation of evolution. 1977 Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuationsby: by: Ilya Prigogine and Gregoire Nicolis, Introduced the world to the view that life is a far-from-equilibrium dissipative structure. 1978 "On the Thermodynamics of Biological Evolution"by: Georgi Gladyshev Outlined a Gibbsian thermodynamics view of evolution. 1979 "The Social Thermodynamics of Ilya Prigogine"by: Wil Lepkowski One of the first articles devoted to the prospect of using thermodynamics to understand social processes. 1984 Order Out of Chaosby: Ilya Prigogine and Isabelle Stengers Introduced the lay world to the “dissipative structure” theory of bifurcations and fluctuations. 1987 New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behaviorby: Mirza Beg The first basic textbook on explicit physicochemical sociology; albeit corrupted to some extent via the implicit assumption that Gibbs energy, the driving force of change, is the will of Allah. 1987 Goethe’s Elective Affinity and the Chemistry of its Timeby: Jeremy Adler The first book to attempt to unravel the chemists and affinity chemistry behind human chemical reaction theory of Goethe's Elective Affinities. 1992 "Human Molecules"by: Alan Nelson Established the postulate that "economic agents" should be considered as "human molecules", according to which concepts from thermodynamics should apply. 1997 Thermodynamic Theory of the Evolution of Living Beingsby: Georgi Gladyshev The first book to explain evolution via changes in Gibbs free energy. 1997 “In Defense of Thermodynamics: an Animate Analogy”by: Sture Nordholm Outlined the subject of "animate thermodynamics", the thermodynamics of animate matter and the animate world. 1998 “Human Societies: a Curious Application of Thermodynamics”by: Erich Muller Prototype article for the 2005 launching of the Journal of Human Thermodynamics; the Muller dispersion force and Muller stability ratio are based on this paper. 2000 “The Physics of Relationships”by: Christopher Hirata 2001 "The Thermodynamics of Love"by: David Hwang A lighthearted discussion on the Gibbsian thermodynamics of human relationships from a human chemical reaction point of view. 2001 “Humans, All Too Chemical”by: Kaspar Bott 2002 “Chemistry in the Work of Goethe”by: Volker Wiskamp 2002 Ecological Stoichiometry: the Biology of the Elements from Molecules to the Biosphereby: Robert Sterner and James Elser Contains first published calculation for the human molecular formula for a human molecule; i.e. the Sterner-Elser human molecular formula: H375,000,000O132,000,000C85,700,000N6,430,000Ca1,500,000P1,020,000S206,000Na183,000K177,000 Cl127,000Mg40,000Si38,600Fe2,680Zn2,110Cu76I14Mn13F13Cr7Se4Mo3Co1 2004 "Chemical Affinity in 1806"by: Tominaga Keii Chapter sub-section which discusses Goethe's human elective affinities in the context of modern chemical thermodynamics. 2007 Human Chemistry (ch. 16: Human Thermodynamics)by: Libb Thims The first textbook on human chemistry (ch. 16: human thermodynamics); expounding on the view of systems of humans as Carnot cycle driven thermodynamic systems of chemically reactive human molecules. 2008 The Human Moleculeby: Libb Thims The first book on the history of the concept of the "human molecule" the central component of a human thermodynamic system.The photo shown is a screenshot of an Issuu.com stack of books on "reality" in which Thims' The Human Molecule is one of the top 39 books on the subject of what is real. 2009 Wealth, Energy, and Human Values: the Dynamics of Decaying Civilizations from Ancient Greece to Americaby: Thomas Wallace Applies physical chemistry logic, i.e. reactions, dynamics, mechanisms, transition states, etc., to the explanation of the historical growth and decline of civilizations, using concepts such as reaction equations, A + B → C + D, Le Chatelier’s principle, and most importantly the Gibbs equation, ΔG = ΔH – TΔS, which, as he says, 'determines whether processes conducted by society will take place'.

Discussion
Among these, the 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances, by American physical chemists Gilbert Lewis and Merle Randall, has been called "the world's most quoted scientific book" and among schools of thermodynamics it is the core book of the Lewis school. In the reference section to thermodynamics books and textbooks it is the certainly the most referenced [1]

In mechanical engineering community, it is the view of the MIT school of thermodynamics, particularly according to Italian engineer Gian Beretta, that the 1965 Principles of General Thermodynamics by George Hatsopoulos and Joseph Keenan is more referenced than that of Lewis and Randall. [2]

In the physics community, the 1985 textbook Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics by American physicist Herbert Callen is very popular and is likely the most-referenced modern statistical thermodynamics book. [3] Other famous publications having a direct bearing or influence on human thermodynamics are listed below. Of these, Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger's 1944 book What is Life? is one of the most references thermodynamics book in the non-thermodynamics community.