Genesis

Once upon a time (Christ fable)In religio-mythology, Genesis, from the Hebrew bereshĩt (בְּרֵאשִׁית) meaning “in the beginning” , from the Egyptian kepheru [glyph] (Budge, 1904, pg. 294), meaning “evolutions” or “rollings” of Ra, refers to [] [N3][N4]

Overview
Noted religio-mythology scholars to first begin to decode Biblical Genesis, as either illogical and or redaction or recension theory based include: Origen (c.230), Wallis Budge (1904), Muata Ashby (1997), and Gary Greenberg (2000), to name a few.

Location | Nome #20
The location of the “site” of creation, as told in Genesis, in the original Egyptian formulation, as summarized by Wallis Budge (1904), based on descriptions the Book of the Dead, was nome #20 (see: nome list) of Upper Egypt, called Henen-su (also: Suten-hene, Het-Henen-su, or Ninsu) (Ѻ), by the Egyptians, or Herakleopolis, by the Greeks; Budge summarizes this as follows: [9]

Genesis (creation site) 2
“Henen-su [Herakleopolis], the center of the worship of Khnemu under the form of Her-shefi, is often referred to in the Book of the Dead, and a number of important mythological events are said to have taken place there. Thus, it was here that Ra rose for the first time when the heavens [Nut] and the earth [Geb] were created (xvii. 7-9), and it was this rising which formed the first great act of creation, because as soon as Ra rose he separated the earth from the sky.”

Budge, citing Edouard Naville (1894), also states that the following mythological events also took place in Herakleopolis: [10]

Osiris was here crowned lord of the universe, and here his son Horus assumed the throne of his father left vacant by the death of Osiris. When Ra ordered the goddess Sekhet to go forth and destroy mankind [Gen 6:5-7] because they had mocked him and had spoken lightly of his age, she started on her journey from Henen-su. To this place also returned Set after his defeat by Horus, who had wounded him severely, and Osiris was believed to have taken a spade and covered over with earth the blood which dropped from him and his fiends, and to have buried the bodies of those whom Horus had slain.”

Budge also tells us (pg. 59) that the great Benu bird, aka the phoenix, resided here.

Genesis
The following shows the religio-mythology morph of Genesis 1:1 to 2:3 over time:

#Hermopolis Recensions
[Hermopolis creation myth]
(2800BC)
[Recension theory]
Hebrew
(500BC)
Alexandrian redaction
(310BC)
Nesi-Amsu Papyrus
[Creation Version A] [5]
Alexandrian redaction
(310BC)
Nesi-Amsu Papyrus
[Creation Version B] [5]
Leningrad Codex
(1009)
[Hebrew] (Ѻ)
Geneva Version
(1560)
King James Version
(1611)
[Latin]
New International Version
(1973)


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0.1


C22b 2

[two pre "in the beginning" pages] [N3]









Creation Start (KJV)Creation Start (NIV)
1.1 “In the beginning, god [Shu or Re-Atum, depending] created heaven [Nut] and earth. [Geb]
C23a
In the beginning, Elohiym [אֱלֹהִים] created the heaven [שָׁמַיִם / shamayim] and the earth [אֶרֶץ / 'erets]
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
1.2And the earth was without form [Huh] and void [Hauhet]; and the darkness [Kuk] was upon the face of the deep [Kauket]. And the Spirit of god [Amen] moved upon the face of the waters [Amenet].”




And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.







Light MadeLight Made
1.3





And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.
1.4“The one (i.e. Amen) that came into being in the first time when no god was yet created, when you [Amen-Ra] opened your eyes to see with them and everybody became illuminated by means of the glances of your eyes, when the day had not yet come into being.”




And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness.
1.5(see: Thebian creation myth)




And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the first day.







Second Day (KJV)Second Day (NIV)
1.6





And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters to separate water from water.”
1.7





And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.So God made the vault and separated the water under the vault from the water above it. And it was so.
1.8





And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning—the second day.







Third Day (KJV)
Third Day (NIV)
1.9





And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so.
1.10





And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.God called the dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good.







Plant LifePlant Life
1.11





And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed in it, according to their various kinds.” And it was so.
1.12





And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.
1.13





And the evening and the morning were the third day.And there was evening, and there was morning—the third day.







Fourth Day (KJV)
Fourth Day (NIV)
1.14





And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years,
1.15





And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.and let them be lights in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth.” And it was so.







Sun and MoonSun and Moon
1.16





And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.God made two great lights—the greater light to govern the day and the lesser light to govern the night. He also made the stars.
1.17





And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,God set them in the vault of the sky to give light on the earth,
1.18





And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from darkness. And God saw that it was good.
1.19





And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.And there was evening, and there was morning—the fourth day.

5th Day




Fifth Day (KJV)
Fifth Day (NIV)

1.20





And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky.”







Animal LifeAnimal Life
1.21





And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
1.22





And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.God blessed them and said, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on the earth.”
1.23





And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.And there was evening, and there was morning—the fifth day.

6th Day




Sixth Day (KJV)
Sixth Day (NIV)
1.24





And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping things, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: the livestock, the creatures that move along the ground, and the wild animals, each according to its kind.” And it was so.
1.25





And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.







Human LifeHuman Life
1.26





And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”
1.27





So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.So God created mankind in his own image,
in the image of God he created them;
male and female he created them.

1.28





And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”
1.29





And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food.
1.30





And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so.
1.31





And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
2.1





Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.

7th Day




Seventh Day (KJV)Seventh Day (NIV)
2.2





And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.
2.3





And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.

(add discussion)

Why Seven Days?
As for the reason for why creation, as presented in Genesis, occurs in “seven” days, only speculative theories have been forthcoming.

In 1997, Muata Ashby, in his section: “The Pauti: Nine Principles of Creation according to the Theology of Anu [Heliopolis]”, of his Anunian Theology, describes the Heliopolis creation myth, alludes to the effect that “day one” of in the beginning creation was the birth of Ra (or Ra-Atum), the sun. out of the Nun (water), after which Hathor, Thoth (moon), and Maat (order principle) emerged, after which the god pairs Shu (water) and Tefnut (moisture), Geb (earth) and Nut (sky), where born, and this was day one. Ashby then the story of the five added days of the Egyptian calendar constitutes the next five steps in creation: Horus the elder born (day two), Set born (day three), Isis born (forth day), and Nephthys born (fifth day). [6] The later addition (seventh day) story of Set mating with Nephthys making Anubis and Osiris mating with Isis making Horus, is loosely asserted by Ashby; and or possibly that this was not an actual day, i.e. a six-day creation model.

In 2000, Gary Greenberg, in his 101 Myths of the Bible, through Myths 1-14, generally does a good job of tracing the Egyptian mythology and Babylonian mythology underpinnings of Genesis, on the topic of seven days are employed is generally silent, except in myth #15: God Rested on the Seventh Day, where he says that “sabbath day” rest period was a late edition, deriving the views of King Josiah, as penned in Deuteronomy 5:15, which states that “god commanded by mighty hand and stretched out arm [see: Aten’s fingers] to keep the Sabbath.” [7]

Other
In c.230, Origen said the following: [4]

“To what person of intelligence, I ask, will the account seem logically consistent that says there was a ‘first day’ and a ‘second’ and ‘third’, in which also ‘evening’ and ‘morning’ are named, without a sun, without a moon, and without stars, and even in the case of the first day without a heaven (Gen. 1:5-13)? …. Surely, I think no one doubts that these statements are made by Scripture in the form of a type by which they point toward certain mysteries.”

In c.1803, Thomas Paine, in his “Origin of the Christian Religion”, asserted the following: [3]

“The [Christian] Cosmogony, that is, the account of the creation with which the book of Genesis opens, has been taken and mutilated from the Zend-Avesta of Zoroaster, and was fixed as a preface to the Bible after the Jews returned from captivity in Babylon, and that the Robbins of the Jews do not hold their account in Genesis to be a fact, but mere allegory. The six thousand years in the Zend-Avesta, is changed or interpolated into six days in the account of Genesis.”

In 1930, Henry Mencken, in his Treatise on the Gods (Ѻ), attempted to reconstruct Genesis as follows:

“The cosmogony of the Jews, as recorded in Genesis, was mainly borrowed from the Babylonians. According to Archibald Sayce, the creation myth that it embodies arose at Eridu, a town on the Persian Gulf. Here, he says in the Hastings' Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics [part nine], ‘the land was constantly growing through disposition of silt, and the belief consequently arose that the earth had originated in the same way. The water of the great deep accordingly came to be regarded as the primordial element out of which the universe was generated. The deep was identified with the Persian Gulf, which was conceived as encircling the earth’.”

In 2000, Gary Greenberg, in his 101 Myths of the Bible, asserted a similar argument, albeit with more focus on the Egyptian mythology basis of Genesis.

Adam and Eve
The following shows the religio-mythology morph of Genesis 2:4 to 2:25. over time:

#Egyptian | Unas Version
(2345BC)
Hebrew
(200AD)
King James Version
(1611)
Heston Illustrated Version
[Watson Heston]
(1890)
English | New International Version
(1973)



















Adam and Eve (KJV)

Adam and Eve (NIV)




2.4

These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens,
This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.




2.5


And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
Now no shrub had yet appeared on the earth and no plant had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no one to work the ground,




2.6


But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground.




2.7


And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man [N1] became a living soul.Gen 2 7Then the Lord God formed a man [N2] from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.







Garden of Eden (KJV)
Garden of Eden (NIV)




2.8


And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.
Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed.







Tree of Knowledge (KJV)
Tree of Knowledge (NIV)




2.9


And out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.







Four Rivers (KJV)
Four Rivers (NIV)




2.10


And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.




2.11


The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;
The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.




2.12


And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
(The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)




2.13


And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.




2.14


And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.





Don't Eat Knowledge (UV)
Don't Eat Knowledge (KJV)
Don't Eat Knowledge (NIV)




2.15


And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.




2.16


And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;




2.17
Unas eating intelligence
But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.”







Creation of Woman (KJV)
Creation of Woman (NIV)




2.18


And the Lord God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”




2.19


And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals and all the birds in the sky. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name.




2.20


And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.
So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals. But for Adam [the man] no suitable helper was found.




2.21


And the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof;God making woman (labeled)So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man’s ribs and then closed up the place with flesh.




2.22


And the rib, which the Lord God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.Gen 2 22 labeledThen the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.




2.23


And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
The man said: “This is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called ‘woman,’ for she was taken out of man.”




2.24


Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.




2.25


And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
Adam and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.





(add discussion)

Eating Knowledge
Gen 2.9 and 2.15-17, wherein we are told about Adam eating from the “tree of knowledge”, and therein becoming “like gods”, and therein knowing “good and evil”, is derived, in part, from the Unas Pyramid Texts (Ѻ), the oldest known Pyramid Texts, the last king of the 5th dynasty (2498-2345BC) – which can be compared to the Teti Pyramid Texts (Ѻ)(Ѻ), the successor to Unas – wherein, according to the Gaston Maspero (1885) translation, cited and commented on by Wallis Budge (1904), who defines it as the "Heliopolitan recension", aka Heliopolis creation myth derivative, in the section titled “Unas: the Slayer and Eater of Gods”, we find the following: [3]

“Unas, it is said, hath eaten the "knowledge,"Saa (knowledge) of every god, and the period of his life and his existence are merged into eternity and everlastingness, which he may pass in any way that pleaseth his spiritual body (sdh), and during this existence he has no need whatsoever to do anything which is distasteful to him. Moreover, the soul[s] and spirits of the gods are in and with Unas, and their souls, and their shadows, and their divine forms are with him.”

(add discussion)

Four Rivers (Eden)Four Rivers
In the four rives section, Gen 2.10-14, we find reference to four rivers.

Firstly, Ralph Ellis, in his Eden in Egypt (2004), asserts (Ѻ) that the river of Eden, described with four branches is the Nile River, with the Blue Nile and White Nile, being two branches, and two rivers of the Nile Delta being the other two branches. [8] Others (Ѻ), similar to Ellis, have summarized this as follows:

“The Nile starts its flow in the Ethiopian highlands. To many Ethiopians “Gihon” as they call the Nile is one of the four rivers that flowed out of Eden at the beginning of the World. It was the river mentioned in the Bible’s Genesis. In ancient times, powerful Ethiopian kingdoms knew not where the river went exactly, just as the Egyptians knew not where it came from. There even was a great and powerful king named Gihon. The Ethiopians said the river had no resting place.”

Alternatively, we might see an attempt to morph or syncretize Heliopolis creation myth (3100BC), i.e. the flood myth of the Nile River, whose two major tributaries are the White Nile and Blue Nile, which discharges into the Nile Delta, and Sumerian creation myth (3,400BC), i.e. the flood myth of the Tigris river and Euphrates river, who merge to create the Shatt al-Arab river (Ѻ), which discharges into the Persian Gulf; the gist of this four river, two myth syncretism is summarized as follows:

“The Hebrew redactors used Egyptian myths to make the biblical stories; which, from time to time, had Babylonian myths grafted onto earlier texts or replaced portions of the original stories.”
Gary Greenberg (2000), 101 Myths of the Bible (pg. 7)

Or, as Thomas Paine, in his “Origin of Christianity” (1803), put things, Babylonian mythology was “fixed as a preface to the Bible after the Jews returned from captivity in Babylon”.

Fall of Man | Original Sin
The following shows the religio-mythology morph of Genesis 3.1 to 3.24 over time:

#Egyptian | Unas Version
(2345BC)
Hebrew
(200AD)
Leningrad Codex
(1009)
[Hebrew] (Ѻ)
King James Version
(1611)
Heston Illustrated Version
[Watson Heston]
(1890)
New International Version
(1973)






-------------------------------------------










3.1



Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden
Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?”




3.2



And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,




3.3



But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’”




3.4



And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
“You will not certainly die,” the serpent said to the woman.








Good and Evil (KJV)
Good and Evil (NIV)




3.5



For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
“For God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”




3.6



And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.




3.7



And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves.








Why Disobeyed God? (KJV)
Why Disobeyed God? (NIV)




3.8



And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.Gen 3 8Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.




3.9



And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
But the Lord God called to the man, “Where are you?”




3.10



And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
He answered, “I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid.”




3.11



And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?
And he said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”




3.12



And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
The man said, “The woman you put here with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate it.”




3.13



And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”








Punishment (KJV)
Punishment (NIV)




3.14



And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
So the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all livestock, and all wild animals! You will crawl on your belly, and you will eat dust, all the days of your life.




3.15



And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
And I will put enmity, between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”




3.16



Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.”




3.17



And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it, all the days of your life.




3.18



Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.




3.19



In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
By the sweat of your brow, you will eat your food, until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”








Naming Eve (KJV)
Naming Eve (NIV)




3.20


And Adam [אָדָם / 'adam] called his wife's name Eve [חַוָּה / Chavvah]; because she was the mother of all living [חַי / chay]. And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.




3.21


Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord [Yehovah] God [Elohiym] make coats of skins, and clothed them. Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.Gen 3 21The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.








Cast Out of Eden (KJV)
Cast Out of Eden (NIV)




3.22



And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”




3.23



Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.Gen 3 23So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.




3.24



So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.Gen 3 24After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.





(add discussion)

See also
Advice of the Guardian of the Ragusa Capuchins
Joshua 10:13
How the Bible was written?

Notes
N1. Hebrew: dust of the ground [2]
N2. The Hebrew for man (adam) sounds like and may be related to the Hebrew for ground (adamah); it is also the name Adam (see verse 20) [2]
N3. In 1604, king Kames VI, in aims to upgrade the Geneva Bible (1560) (Ѻ), which he considered to have “borderline revolutionary notes” (Ѻ), commissioned 47 scholars to make a new Bible with “no marginal notes at all, but only explanation of the Hebrew or Greek words” (rule #6). The "King James Version" of the Holy Bible was completed in 1611 with the omission of 3 complete books, multiple chapters and verses, hundreds of words were either omitted, added or changed and the 2 pages of text in the Book of Genesis that came before "In the beginning God created..." was removed. (Ѻ)
N4. The early English editions of the Bible, according to Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881), as reported by Elizabeth Stanton, in her “Women’s Position in the Christian Church” (1888), contain some 6,000 errors in the translation from Hebrew to English (Hecht, 2003).

References
1. Genesis 1 KJV – BibleGateway.com.
2. Anon. (2000). Today’s Parallel Bible: King James Version, New International Version, New Living Translation, New American Standard Bible. Zondervan.
3. (a) Maspero, Gaston. (1885). “the Egyptian Religion according to the Pyramids of the Sixth and Seventh dynasty” (“la Religion Égyptienne d'après les Pyramides de la VIe et de la VIIe dynastie”) (pg. 59), Recuiel, tom. iv,
(b) Budge. Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (eating knowledge, pgs. 43; eating intelligence, pg. 54). Dover, 1969.
4. Robbins, Michael. (2014). “Know Nothing: the True History of Atheism” (Review of Nick Spencer’s The Origin of Species” (Ѻ), Slate.com, Jul.
5. (a) Budge, Wallis. (1890). “On the Hieratic Papyrus of Nesi-Amsu, a scribe in the Temple of Amen-Rā at Thebes, about B.C. 305” (abs), Archaeologia, 52(2):393-608.
(b) Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (Nes-Amsu Papyrus discussion, pgs. 293-307; Creation Version A, pgs. 308-13; Creation Version B, pgs. 313-21). Dover, 1969.
6. Ashby, Muata. (1997). Anunian Theology: African Religion, Volume One (pg. 46). Cruzian Mystic Books.
7. Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (pg. 38). Source Books.
8. Ellis, Ralph. (2004). Eden in Egypt: Adam and Eve were Pharaoh Akhenaton and Nefertiti. Edfu Books, 2010.
9. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pgs. 58-60). Dover, 1969.
10. (a) Naville. (1894). Ahnas El Medineh (Heracleopolis Magna): With Chapters on Mendes, the Nome of Thoth, and Leontopolis, Volume 11 (pg. 8). Publisher.
(b) Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume Two (pg. 59). Dover, 1969.

Further reading
● St. Clair, George. (1898). Creation Records Discovered in Egypt. Nutt.

Videos
● Maggard, Larry N. (2012). “Book of Genesis (Verbatim Hebrew to English translation)” (Ѻ), Larry N Maggard, YouTube, Jan 11.

External links
Genesis 1-2 In Light Of Ancient Egyptian Creation Myths – Bible.org.

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