Socialism vs Naturalism
A 2015 depiction of Goetheanism, from Afinidades (2010) film article, as compared to "socialism", both being god-free materialism-like theories of society, albeit differing on important points, e.g. socialism: all workers are equal, Goetheanism: when a worker gets a promotion (e.g. Captain to Major) a sexual attraction change accrues, thereby effecting the dynamics of the human reactions. In the film, people of the socialism-collapsing Cuba, e.g. Vladimir Cruz, begin to turn to the human chemical philosophy (human chemical theory) of Goethe to get a handle on existence amid a loss of values and meaning, in the post-revolution years.
In philosophy, Goetheanism (#18 ism by denial/belief), the general philosophical outlook of German polyintellect Johann Goethe, is a philosophical naturalism (one nature), semi-Darwinism, monism ideology that traces all human states of experience down the great chain of being to the chemical or periodic table level of reactions and experience; compositionally: Spinozism, Bergmanism, plus Shakespearian atheism.

The following gives some visual aspect of Goetheanism, as carried through the works of Goethe's protege Arthur Schopenhauer, who in turn influenced a young Friedrich Nietzsche:

Romantic Realism Atheism

In 1899, Ernst Haeckel published his monism-based The Riddle of the Universe, which seems to espouse a certain flavor of Goetheanism and his metamorphology theory.

In 1914, Rudolf Steiner, gave a series of lectures in Vienna, during which time he explains his take on Goetheanism as follows: [1]

“In contract to all these things there is Goetheanism. I do not mean by this something to be fixed dogmatically, but one has to use names for something which goes far beyond the name. Under ‘Goetheanism’ I do not understand that which Goethe thought up to the year 1832, but rather something which may perhaps, be thought in the sense of Goethe during the next thousand years: that which may develop out the Goethean view, out of the Goethean concepts and impressions. It is for this reason that everything which is drying up views as its real enemy whatever is related in any way with Goetheanism.”

Steiner’s interpretation of Goethe’s metamorphology theory and philosophical outlook, however, had a certain seemingly added metaphysical + spiritual grain embedded, i.e. he thought it would give birth to a contemporary philosophy that was “an exact knowledge of man in all his bodily and spiritual metamorphoses”, as Guenther Wachsmuth (1955) summarizes. These sideline Sterner metaphysical-spiritual aspects, however, are not part of 21st century Goetheanism; which is growing in the form of human chemical thermodynamics and physicochemical sociology.

A 2011 image of Goetheanism, as found on the Dawkins scale page.
The character Oskar Matzerath, of Gunter GrassThe Tin Drum (1959), who carries around with him pages from Goethe’s Elective Affinities, mixed with notes from Rasputin, for guidance in an insane world, might be considered a Goetheanist in philosophy.

The following is a 2014 visual of Goethean morality, one aspect of Goetheanism, from the Goethe timeline:

Goethean morality

The following is a 2015 visual Goethean reality, one aspect of Goetheanism, e.g. see: literary realism, from the famous atheists page:

Goethean reality

(add discussion)

The following are related quotes:

“But if you really study everything I have written you will see that I have always done justice to Darwinism, but have done so by contrasting it with Goetheanism, the view of the evolution of life.”
Rudolf Steiner (1917), The Fall of the Spirits of Darkness, Fourteen Lectures given in Dornach, 29 Sep to 28 Oct (ΡΊ)

See also
● Goethean philosophy
● Goethean revolution

1. Wachsmuth, Guenther. (1955). The Life and Work of Rudolf Steiner (pg. #). Garber Communications, 1989.

External links
● Home – Goetheanism.org.

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