Greek philosophy

In philosophy, Greek philosophy refers to the love of knowledge views of the ancient Greeks, oft divided by the pre-Socratic era, i.e. philosopher before Socrates (469-399BC), whose works only exist in fragments, the longest being fragment 17 of Empedocles, and post-Socratic.

Genealogy | Schools
See also: Map of physics
The following shows the general genealogy of the 72+ main Greek philosophers and their thinking — originating with the great sage Thales, who was the first Greek to take it upon himself to study abroad, in Egypt, i.e. to learn Egyptian philosophy (logic based on Egyptian mythology, which is based on astro-theology) — the main schools of Greek philosophy, and some of the transition thinkers going into Roman philosophy:





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Imhotep
(2635-2595BC)
Four Elements (Egyptian philosophy)
Egyptians

















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Mochos (c.1250-1200BC)










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Homer (c.850-750BC)














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Hesiod
(c.750-650BC)















Thales
(c.624-546BC)
Water (clear)
Ionian school

















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Pherecydes
(c.580-520BC)









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Anaximander
(c.610-564BC)
Anaximander model Cc





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Anaximenes
(585-528BC)

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Pythagoras
(c.570-490BC)
Geometry icon
Italian school










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Telauges
(c.540-470BC)
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Ecphantus
(c.530-460BC)

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Hippo (c.500-440BC)
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Heraclitus (c.535-450BC)
Flux + Fire

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Xenophanes
(c.560-480BC)
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Anaxagoras
(500-428BC)
Anaximander model Cc
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Parmenides
(510-450BC)
No Void
Eleatic school



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Zeno of Elea (495-435BC)
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Melissus
(c.470-400BC)

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Archelaus (c.470-410BC)
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Leucippus (Ѻ)
(c.500-450BC)atom symbol
Atomic school


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Empedocles (495-435BC)
Empedoclean model


Herodotus
(484-425BC)
Pheonix icon (Ra)



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Euripides
(c.480-406BC)



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Socrates (469-399BC)|
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Democritus (c.470-390BC)
●---------------------Gorgias
(c.485-380BC)


Aristophanes
(c.446-386BC)



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Aristippus (c.435-356BC)|
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Diogenes (c.408-323BC)|
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Xenocrates
(396-314BC)
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Aristotle
(384-322BC)
Plato and Aristotle T
Peripatic school
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Metrodorus (c.430-350BC)

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Protagoras
(c.490-420BC)
Atheism symbol 100x91
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Diagoras (c.448-388BC)
Atheism symbol 100x91
Heraclides
(387-312BC)

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Pyrrho (c.360-270BC)---
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●----Nausiphanes
(c.360-290BC)

Naucydes
(c.350-300BC)




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Eudemus
(c.370-300BC)
Theophrastus
(c.371-287BC)
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(341-270BC)
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Anaxarchus
(c.380-320BC)
Hippocrates
(c.460-370BC)



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Euclid (c.340-280BC)|
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Praxiphanes
(c.350-290BC)

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Zeno of Citium
(c.334-262BC)
Stoic school

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Xenophon
(c.430-354BC)




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Cleanthes
(330-230BC)

Hermarchus
(325-250BC)

Leontion
(c.330-280BC)

Leonteus
(c.320-260BC)

Colotes
(c.320-268BC)

Aristarchus (c.310-230BC)


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Chrysippus
(279-206BC)

Polystratus
(c.290-220BC)







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Dionysius
(c.260-205BC)







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Basilides the Epicurean
(c.250-175BC)







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Panaetius
(185-109BC)

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Apollodorus
(c.160BC-100BC) (Ѻ)
-------- Zeno of Sidon
(c.150-75BC) (Ѻ)









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Demetrius (c.160-90BC)






Seleucus
(c.190-120BC)



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Posidonius
(c.135-51BC)

Philodemus (c.110-35BC)---------------------------------------------
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Lucretius
(99-55BC)
--[?]--Cicero (106-43BC)
Virgil
(70-19BC)







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Strabo (c.63BC-24AD)




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Epictetus (55-135AD)|
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Marcus Aurelius (121-180AD)
Diogenes of Oenoanda (c.77-142AD)
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Hippolytus
(170-235AD)
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Sextus Empiricus (c.160-210AD)






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Diogenes Laertius (c.190-250)
Hypatia
(350-415AD)
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Porphyry
(233-305)

Simplicius (c.490-560)
John Philoponus (c.490-570)
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DARK AGE










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----—-----
-------------------Geber
(c.721-c.815)
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Al-Jahiz
(776-869)



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Poggio Bracciolini
(1380-1459)

Petrarch (1304-1374)














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Erasmus
(1466-1536)

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Giordano Bruno (1548-1600)


Pierre Gassendi (1592-1655)








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Quotes
The following are related quotes:

Empedocles professes to obtain all that Anaxagoras obtains from his innumerable principles.”
— Aristotle (c.322BC), Physics (§1.6:189b16)

Thales is the father of Greek philosophy.”
Aristotle (c.320BC), Publication [1]

“Greeks, thirsting for knowledge, sought the Egyptian priests for instruction. Thales, Pythagoras, Oenopides, Plato, Democritus, Eudoxus, all visited the land of the pyramids. Egyptian ideas were thus transplanted across the sea and there stimulated Greek thought, directed it into new lines, and gave to it a basis to work upon.”
— Florian Cajori (1991), A History of Mathematics (pg. 15)

See also
Euler genealogy

References
1. Thales – Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 2000.

External links
Ancient Greek philosophy – Wikipedia.

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