Gustave Flaubert

Gustave FlaubertIn existographies, Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) was a French literary realism novelist noted for []

Overview
In 1856, Flaubert, in his novel Madame Bovary, presented the character Monsieur Homais, the village chemist and pharmacist; when he was told “be quite, you are an infidel; you’ve no religion”, he responds:

“I have a religion, my religion, and I even have more than all these others with their mummeries and their juggling. I adore god, on the contrary. I believe in the ‘supreme being’, in a ‘creator’, whatever he may be. I care little who has placed us here below to fulfill our duties as citizens and fathers of families; but I don’t need to go to church to kiss silver plates, and fatten, out of my pocket, a lot of good-for-nothings who live better than we do. For one can know him as well in a wood, in a field, or even contemplating the eternal vault like the ancients. My god! Mine is the god of Socrates, of Franklin, of Voltaire, and of Beranger! [Pierre Beranger (1780-1857) (Ѻ) (IQ:155) (Cattell 1000:323) reputed (Ѻ) atheist (Ѻ)] [compare: Spinoza's god] I am for the profession of faith of the ‘Savoyard Vicar,’ and the immortal principles of ‘89! And I can’t admit of an old boy of a God who takes walks in his garden with a cane in his hand, who lodges his friends in the belly of whales, dies uttering a cry, and rises again at the end of three days [see: resurrection]; things absurd in themselves, and completely opposed, moreover, to all physical laws, which prove to us, by the way, that priests have always wallowed in turpid ignorance, in which they would fain engulf the people with them”

The novel ends with a young widower looking in on his dead wife over and over, while Homais advocates in the background in “read Voltaire!”; “Read d’Holtach”, “read the Encyclopedia” in opposition to the village priest who pipes “read the modern Christian tomes”. [1]

References
1. (a) Flaubert, Gustave. (1856). Madame Bovary (translator: Eleanor Marx-Aveling) (txt). Publisher.
(b) Madame Bovary – Wikipedia.
(c) Hecht, Jennifer M. (2003). Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas (pg. 410). HarperOne.

External links
Gustave Flaubert – Wikipedia.

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