|The new 2011 thermodynamics textbook definition of a human, based on American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims' 2002 calculation of the 26-element human molecular formula, in Indian-born American mechanical engineers Kalyan Annamalai, Ishwar Puri, and Milind Jog’s Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. |
HCT | P5: Human molecular view
Synopsis: "An introduction to human molecular theory."
In 1789, French philosopher Jean Sales, in his multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature, stated the following logic:
“We conclude that there exists a principle of the human body which comes from the great process in which so many millions of atoms of the earth become many millions of human molecules.”
In 2002, American limnologists Robert Sterner and James Elser, in their Ecological Stoichiometry, published the first ever calculation for the human molecular formula, which they determined, in empirical molecular formula form, as the following 22-element molecular formula:
about which they comment:
“This formula combines all compounds in a human into single abstract ‘molecule’. The stoichiometric approach considers whole organisms as if they were single abstract molecules. Organisms can be thought of as complex evolved chemical substances that interact with each other and the abiotic world in a way that resembles a complex, composite, chemical reaction. This formula for the ‘human molecule’ [allows one] to think about how every human represents the coming together of atoms in proportions that are, if not constant, at least bounded and obeying some rules.”
In 2002, American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims, independent of Sterner and Elser, derived the following 26-element molecular formula for a human:
"By describing the existence of a human in this form we are by no means making attempts to degrade our existence, we are only trying to help elucidate our understanding of this existence.”
Thims eventually published his formula calculations online 2005, in his 2007 Human Chemistry, and, following discovery of the Sterner-Elser calculation, via the newly-launched Google Books term search, in his 2008 The Human Molecule, wherein a detailed history of the subject was presented (see: HMS pioneers).
These two formulas, the Sterner-Elser formula and the Thims formula, in recent years, have sense been slowly making it into books and textbooks, particularly in ecology and thermodynamics, namely those books as shown adjacent, as the "new" standard definition of a human.
In 2010, following the arrival of the defunct theory of life Thims began to connect "formula" to "free energy", visually, in terms of the model of synthesis in place of the now defunct model of birth, as shown below:
The above newly-forming usages are but the beginnings of "new scientific field", as Alec Groysman put it in 2011. Colloquially, the following poll results, collected online by English physicist James Eadon’s 2001-2008, shows that about 57 percent of people believe that they are molecules or specifically “giant molecules”. These statistics come from English physicist James Eadon’s 2001-2008: 
See the following human molecular science timeline for more on the ramifications and details of this new philosophical position:
● HMS pioneers
1. (a) Running Poll: "Are You A Giant Molecule?" (by English physicist Jim Eadon) - 2001-2008+.
(b) Thims, Libb. (2008). The Human Molecule (issuu) (preview) (Google Books) (docstoc). LuLu.
2. Annamalai, Kalyan, Puri, Ishwar K., and Jog, Milind A. (2011). Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering (§14: Thermodynamics and Biological Systems, pgs. 709-99, contributed by Kalyan Annamalai and Carlos Silva; §14.4.1: Human body | Formulae, pgs. 726-27; Thims, ref. 88). CRC Press.
● Lecture: HCT | P6: Equations of chemical thermodynamics
● Lecture: HCT | P4: Piston and cylinder view
● Lecture: HCT | Overview: Table of contents