Hart 100

Hart 100 (cover)
Cover of Michael Hart's The 100. [1]
In genius studies, Hart 100 refers to the 1978 ranked listing of the most influential persons in history, according to American astrophysicist Michael Hart (1932-), as found in his 1978 The 100: a Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History, a book having been sold more than 500,000 copies and been translated into 15 languages. [1]

The following is the logic behind Hart’s listing:

“In his book Letters of the English, Voltaire relates that during his stay in England, in 1727, he overheard some learned men discussing the question: who was the greatest man—Caesar, Alexander, Tamerlane, or Cromwell? One speaker maintained that Newton was beyond a doubt the greatest man. Voltaire agreed with this judgment, per the following reasoning:

‘It is to him who masters our minds by the force of truth, and not those who enslave them by violence, that we owe our reverence.”

Whether Voltaire was truly convinced that Newton was the greatest man who ever lived or was simply trying to make a philosophical point, the anecdote raises an interesting question: of the billions of human beings who have populated the earth, which persons have most influenced the course of history? This book is solely involved with the question of who were the 100 persons who had the greatest effect on history and on the course of the world. I have ranked these 100 persons in order of importance: that is, according to the total amount of influence that each of them had on human history and on the everyday lives of other human beings.”

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The following is a tier-ranked image of the Hart 100 (larger image: Ѻ)

Hart 100 people

The following is Hart’s ranked listing of most influential persons—with religio-mythology aggregates (e.g. Jesus Christ, Buddha, etc.), i.e. non-real people, removed (and re-listed below):

1. Isaac Newton
2. Ts’ai Lun [Cai Lun]
3. Johannes Gutenberg
4. Christopher Columbus
5. Albert Einstein
6. Louis Pasteur
7. Galileo Galilei
8. Aristotle
9. Euclid
10. Charles Darwin
11. Shih Huang Ti [Qin Shi Huang]
12. Augustus Caesar
13. Nicolaus Copernicus
14. Antoine Lavoisier
15. Constantine the Great
16. James Watt
17. Michael Faraday
18. James Maxwell
19. Martin Luther
20. George Washington
21. Karl Marx
22. Orville Wright & Wilbur Wright
23. Genghis Khan
24. Adam Smith
25. William Shakespeare
26. John Dalton
27. Alexander the Great
28. Napoleon Bonaparte
29. Thomas Edison
30. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
31. William T.G. Morton
32. Guglielmo Marconi
33. Adolf Hitler
34. Plato
35. Oliver Cromwell
36. Alexander Graham Bell
37. Alexander Fleming
38. John Locke
39. Ludwig van Beethoven
40. Werner Heisenberg
41. Louis Daguerre
42. Simon Bolivar
43. Rene Descartes
44. Michelangelo
45. Pope Urban II
46. Umar ibn al-Khattab
47. Asoka
48. Augustine
49. William Harvey
50. Ernest Rutherford
51. John Calvin
52. Gregor Mendel
53. Max Planck
54. Joseph Lister
55. Nikolaus August Otto
56. Francisco Pizarro
57. Hernando Cortes
58. Thomas Jefferson
59. Queen Isabella I
60. Joseph Stalin
61. Julius Caesar
62. William the Conqueror
63. Sigmund Freud
64. Edward Jenner
65. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
66. Johann Bach
67. Voltaire
68. Johannes Kepler
69. Enrico Fermi
70. Leonhard Euler
71. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
72. Niccolo Machiavelli
73. Thomas Malthus
74. John F. Kennedy
75. Gregory Pincus
76. Vladimir Lenin
77. Sui Wen Ti
78. Vasco da Gama
79. Cyrus the Great
80. Peter the Great
81. Mao Zedong
82. Francis Bacon
83. Henry Ford
84. Queen Elizabeth I
85. Mikhail Gorbachev
86. Menes
87. Charlemagne
88. Homer
89. Justinian I

Removals | Non-real people
The following are religio-mythology aggregates exorcised from the list—numbers shown being original ranking position:

[1] Muhammad
[3] Jesus Christ
[4] Buddha
[5] Confucius
[6] St. Paul
[15] Moses
[73] Lao Tzu
[83] Mani
[84] Sui Wen Ti
[85] Mencius
[93] Zoroaster
[94] Mahavira

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1. (a) Hart, Michael. (1978). The 100: a Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History (first 46-pgs, pdf) (Ѻ). Hart Pub. Co.
(b) Michael H. Hart – Wikipedia.
(c) Malieth, Monydit (aka Tonnerre). (2013). The Future Affects the Past: What Destination is Time Rushing To? (pg. 58-59). Red Lead Books.

External links
The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History – Wikipedia.

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