|A rendition of the individualism problem, namely the question of the nature of the individual person (or human) in the bigger scheme of a society, a country, or the universe; which comes in various favors, e.g. if we're all just "molecules", with a human molecular formula, how is my formula or me a as a molecule different from the the rest; a question that teeters on the nature of internal force vs external force issue of movement.|
In individualism, according to English sociologist Paul Ransome, thinkers adherent to this doctrine often are of the view that: 
“Individuals are not just particles of matter in the great social chemistry experiment they are the bearers of a range of political rights and moral entitlements that require adequate means of expression in society.”
There are, however, a multitude of errors in this view. The discrepancies in this statement are captured well in the famous opening lyrics to the 1991 single “The Unforgiven” by American heavy metal band Metallica: 
“New blood joins this earth
And quickly he’s subdued
Through constant pain disgraced
The young boy learns the rules.”
The difference between the two views, i.e. individualism and realism, is that in the first, the so-called “individualist” aims to be an idealist, assuming for example that each "theoretical person" is entitled to certain political and moral rights, which must be allowed to be expressed in society; whereas, in the second, the "actual person" is born into a world with rules, established by the way the universe actually operates, e.g. sodium Na will react strongly and violently with water whereas sodium chloride NaCl won't, and is confronted with reality and is hence a realist and must learn the rules, as the universe actually makes them.
The first of these rules, as modern hard science actually sees things, are as follows:
(a) A person is a particle of matter, termed a human particle or human molecule.Science has found no exceptions to either of these rules. These two starting point rules lead to the conclusion that morality is governed by the Lewis inequality for natural processes, as was postulated over a hundred years ago with German polymath Johann Goethe’s 1808 axiom that the moral symbols of the natural sciences are the symbols of the elective affinities, which equates in modern terms to the symbols of chemical reactions governed by free energy changes.
(b) Human particles are governed by the laws of chemistry and physics, just as are every other particle in the universe.
|The gist description of how "individualism" is quantified and explained in modern physico-chemical terms, i.e. by the measure of each person's free energy in various states of existence.|
The nature of individualism, or the uniqueness of the "individual", in the context of modern science, is that each person has a unique "free energy of formation" (human free energy of formation) at birth as well as in their various "states" of existence (see: existence states); these are quantified on human free energy tables, just as are free energies of formation quantified on standard free energy tables.
Goethe (1809) was the first to outline this logic in his making of human affinity table, such as shown adjacent (right). Norman Dolloff (1975) was the first to say that each person has a free energy of formation. Thims (2007) was the first to make "human free energy tables".
1. Ransome, Paul. (2010). Social Theory for Beginners (social chemistry, pg. 42). The Policy Press.
2. The Unforgiven (song) – Wikipedia.
● Individualism – Wikipedia.