Johann Lambert

Johann Lambert In existographies, Johann Lambert (1728-1777) (Odueny 100:62) (Eells 100:47) (GME:#) (CR:2) was a Swiss mathematician, physicist, philosopher, astronomer, cardiographer, and general polymath, noted for []

Heat
Lambert, at some point (Ѻ), studied the physical and psychological effects of heat on humans.

Education
Lambert was a colleague of Leonhard Euler and Joseph Lagrange at the Berlin Academy. (Ѻ)

Influences
Lambert was influenced by: Aristotle, Francis Bacon, Leonhard Euler, and Christian Wolf.

Influenced
Lambert influenced: Immanuel Kant and Moses Mendelssohn.

Quotes | On
The following are quotes on Lambert:

Higgins’ theory [1776] accounted for the phenomenon of the heating (or cooling) of a gas when it is suddenly compressed (or expanded): ‘adiabatic’ heating or cooling as it was later called. This had first been noticed in connection with experiments on the air pump. Cullen mentioned it but had no insight into its significance. Higgins also referred to it, and Johann Lambert pointed out that when air enters an evacuated vessel the temperature rises. His explanation was that even ‘empty’ space contains the ‘matter of heat’, so that the entry of air carrying more heat must cause a rise in temperature; and he went on to suggest that suddenly reducing the volume of a void should have a heating effect.”
Donald Cardwell (1971), From Watt to Clausius (pg. 58) [1]

References
1. Cardwell, Donald S.L. (1971). From Watt to Clausius: the Rise of Thermodynamics in the Early Industrial Age (Lambert, pgs. 58, 90, 93, 133, 143, 227, 303, and 307; quote, pg. 58). Cornell University Press.

External links
Johann Heinrich Lambert – Wikipedia.

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