John Nash

John NashIn existographies, John Nash (1928-2015) (IQ:180|#165) [RGM:324|1,500+] (YCG:32) (DN:7) (GEcE:#) (CR:29) was an American mathematician and economist, characterized, at age 19, a "mathematical genius" (Duffin, 1947), a 2014 smartest person existive (#6) (Ѻ), noted, for doing work in economic thermodynamics, stemming, supposedly, from or found somewhere in his PhD dissertation (Mansoori, 2010). [1]

Overview
American chemical physics historian turned science writer Tom Siegfried, in his 2006 A Beautiful Math, devotes a certain amount of effort to stitching thermodynamic connections between the work of Nash, John Neumann, and Oskar Morgenstern—the following being one noted excerpt: [2]

“In a chemical reaction, all the atoms involved are seeking a stable arrangement, possessing a minimum amount of energy. It’s because of the laws of thermodynamics. And just as in a chemical reaction all the atoms are simultaneously seeking a state with a minimum energy, in an economy all the people are seeking to maximize their utility. A chemical reaction reaches an equilibrium enforced by the laws of thermodynamics; an economy should reach a Nash equilibrium dictated by game theory.”

Nash (1994) is one of the noted hmolscience Nobel Prize in economics recipients, along with: Jan Tinbergen (1969), Paul Samuelson (1970), Tjalling Koopmans (1975), Robert Fogel (1993), and Thomas Schelling (2005). [3]

Education
The education of Nash, as summarized by Tom Siegfried, is as follows: [2]

“Nash alluded to the statistical interactions of reacting molecules in his derivation of the Nash equilibrium. Nash, after all, studied chemical engineering and chemistry at Carnegie Tech before becoming a math major, and his dissertation at Princeton drew on the chemical concept of ‘mass action’ in explaining Nash equilibrium.”

Nash earned a doctorate at Princeton in 1950 with a 28-page dissertation on “Non-Cooperative Games”, written under the supervision of doctoral advisor Albert W. Tucker, based partially on John Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern’s Theory of Games and Economic Behavior (1944), which contains the definition and properties of what would later be called the "Nash equilibrium", a crucial concept that later won Nash the Nobel prize in economics in 1994. [4] The following is a noted quote from Theory of Games and Economic Behavior: [5]

“In order to elucidate the conceptions which we are applying to economics, we have given and may give again some illustrations from physics. There are many social scientists who object to the drawing of such parallels on the grounds, among which is generally found the assertion that economic theory cannot be modeled after physics science it is a science of social, of human phenomena, has to take psychology into account, etc. Such statements are at least premature.”

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Other
The 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, is based on the existence reaction of John Nash, in which the following fictionalized equation of love quote is made:

“I've always believed in numbers. In the equations and logics that lead to reason; but after a lifetime of such pursuits I ask, what truly is logic? Who decides reason? My quest has take me through the physical, the metaphysical, the delusional and back, and I have made the most important discovery of my career... the most important discovery of my life. It is only in the mysterious equations of love that any logical reasons can be found. I'm only here tonight because of you. You are the only reason I am... you are all my reasons.”

This is a quote from John Nash's fictional Nobel Prize speech. In actual fact, however, Nash was never asked to speak upon his acceptance of the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics. The film depiction, nevertheless, made the culture rounds that the film was based on someone who in reality had developed a love equation.

Quotes | On
The following are quotes on Nash:

“This is to recommend Mr. John F. Nash, Jr. who has applied for entrance to the graduate college at Princeton. Mr. Nash is nineteen years old and is graduating from Carnegie Tech in June. He is a mathematical genius.”
— Richard Duffin (1947), “Graduate School Recommendation Letter” (Ѻ)

Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Nash:

“[A] non-Zoroastrian could think of Zarathustra as simply a madman who led millions of naive followers to adopt a cult of ritual fire worship. But without his "madness" Zarathustra would necessarily have been only another of the millions or billions of human individuals who have lived and then been forgotten.”
— John Nash (1994), Nobel Prize speech (Ѻ)

“I liked to think of myself as a genius, but I later on realized it’s sort of meaningless. You are using a popular word. You could think of whether it is good to work in mathematics at all? In mathematics there are some good achievements that can be made, and if you are successful you will be recognized. I think of myself now as an enlightened philosopher.”
— John Nash (c.2010), short film (Ѻ) documentary

References
1. Comment of Ali Mansoori to Libb Thims (2012).
2. Siegfried, Tom. (2006). A Beautiful Mind: John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature (chemical reaction, pg. 60-; §: Taking Society’s Temperature, pgs. 165-; education, pg. 221). National Academies Press.
3. List of Nobel Memorial Prize laureates in Economics – Wikipedia.
4. Nash, John F. (1950). “Non-Cooperative Games”, PhD Thesis, May, Princeton University.
5. Neumann, John and Morgenstern, Oskar. (1944). Theory of Games and Economic Behavior (physics, 23+ pgs; quote, pgs. 3-4). Princeton University Press, 2007.

External links
John Nash – Wikipedia.

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