|An 11-centemeter Cave of Skulls papyrus, carbon dated to 700BC, a receipt of delivery of wineskin, showing the name “Jerusalem” (Ѻ) the oldest mention of the name, dating to the time of the first Judaic temple period. (Ѻ)|
In c.450BC, Herodotus referred to the most senior Egyptian priest-teachers as the ‘Choen’, which is found in the modern Hebrew variant overly-common surname Cohen, the name of the teacher caste.  The Indo-Tibetan variant, to note, is chokhan meaning ‘adept teacher in chief’.
The following shows how the Egyptian "sidelock" of hair carried over from the Egyptian religion to the Jewish rescript of the former:
The following shows how the Egyptian skullcap of Ptah became the Jewish kippah or yarmulke:
Afterlife | Beliefs
The following is a rare statement about Jewish afterlife belief:
“All Israel has a share in the world to come, as Isaiah said: and all of your people who are righteous will merit eternity and inherent the land. And these are the people who do not merit the world to come: (a) the ones who say that there is no resurrection of the dead, (b) those who deny the Torah is from the heavens, and (c) the Epicureans.”— Anon (c.200AD), Mishnah (§:Sanhedrin) 
See main: Is-Ra-ElIn 1858, Samuel Dunlap, in his Vestiges of the Spirit of Man, citing Franz Movers (1841), stated that the Hebrews were the first to turn the ancient sun gods into patriarchs (see: god-to-prophet), therein mediating a de-deification or god reduction: 
“In this way, antiquity disposes of its sun-gods. The Hebrews turned [gods] into Patriarchs [see: god reduction]. Adam, Abraham, Israel, were names of Saturn. Edom is Adam; and the ancient usage was to name the nation, the land or city after the chief god. The Greeks made these deities founders of tribes.”
In 1927, Thomas Spivey, in his Christianity and Mythology, after stating that “El means god” (pg. 44), was summarized the Israel etymology (pgs. 45) as follows: 
“Is = light + Ra = sun + El = first cause. Israel = the church of god. Hence, it is the church of god which goes forth to usurp the power and control of established governments, and the church of god rewards the Jews for support by giving them control over Canaan, merchandizing and trading.”
In 1935, Spivey, in his The Awakening of the Sixth Sense, state the Israel etymology as follows: 
“The prophet whom it is so important to vindicate is ‘Is-a-iah’. Is means light. Is-ra-el is: Is, the light of Ra, the sun, is El, the first cause. The Hebrews express Isis as Jesse, ... Is in Israel is identical with Isis, the Egyptian goddess of light; light meaning revealed wisdom, knowledge.”
In 1956, Hilton Hotema, in his Ancient Sun God, building on Samuel Dunlap (1858), devoted an entire chapter to “Ab-Ram the Sun-God”, in which he cites Dunlap as having said the following (hyphens included): 
“The fire-god of Ur was Ab-Ram. The Hebrew world ‘Ab’ means ‘father’, and Ram (head sign of the Zodiac) means ‘most high’. Ab-Ram and Is-Ra-El were names of Saturn.”
In c.2000, Jordan Maxwell, who, in his “The Solar Cult” (2000), lists (Ѻ) Hilton Hotema as his 6th recommended reading scholar, “Is Ra El” video lecture Q&A, gives a fairly cogent synopsis of how, in his view, Judaism was formed by the migration process wherein the Phoenician Canaanites, aka Hebrews, with their embedded religion of the Isis Cult and Amen-Ra religion, moved north and encountered the Palestine god El, whom Maxwell defines as the planet Saturn. 
The following are related quotes:
“The [Judeo-Christian] Cosmogony, that is, the account of the creation with which the book of Genesis opens, has been taken and mutilated from the Zend-Avesta of Zoroaster, and was fixed as a preface to the Bible after the Jews returned from captivity in Babylon, and that the Robbins of the Jews do not hold their account in Genesis to be a fact, but mere allegory. The six thousand years in the Zend-Avesta, is changed or interpolated into six days in the account of Genesis.”— Thomas Paine (c.1803), “Origin of the Christian Religion”
“I call belief in revealed Judaism ‘supernaturalism’, not in the sense of the dogma restraining freedom of thought, but certainly in the sense of the dogma which admits the supernatural meaning of events that happen contrary to the usual order of nature, like miracles and revelation.”— Samuel Luzzatto (c.1850), cited by Jennifer Hecht (2003) in Doubt: a History (pg. 378)
“The Hebrew religion stepped out from the noblest side of the Dionysus-worship, influenced, no doubt, to some extent by Persian and Babylonian ideas, but still retaining the Phoenician impress.”— Samuel Dunlap (1861), Sod: the Mysteries of the Adoni 
“The Hebrew redactors used Egyptian myths to make the biblical stories; which, from time to time, had Babylonian myths grafted onto earlier texts or replaced portions of the original stories.”— Gary Greenberg (2000), 101 Myths of the Bible (pg. 7)
● Jewish atheism
● Jewish mythology
● Judeo-Christian pantheon
1. Gordon, J.S. (2011). Land of the Fallen Star Gods: the Celestial Origins of Ancient Egypt (pg. #). Inner Traditions.
2. Dunlap, Samuel F. (1861). Sod: the Mysteries of the Adoni (pdf) (pgs. iii-iv). Williams and Norgate.
3. (a) Movers, Franz C. (1841). The Phoenicians, Volume One (Die Phonizier, Volume One) (86, 130) (arc). Publisher.
(b) Dunlap, Samuel F. (1858). Vestiges of the Spirit History of Man (Israel, pg. 53). Publisher.
4. (a) Dunlap, Samuel F. (1858). Vestiges of the Spirit History of Man (Ra, 19+ pgs; Brahma, 24+ pgs; Abraham, 15+ pgs; Ab-Ram, 7+ pgs). Publisher.
(b) Hotema, Hilton. (1956). Ancient Sun God (pg. 26). Publisher.
5. (a) Maxwell, Jordan. (c.2000). “Essential Jordan Maxwell: Isis-Ra-El = Israel (It’s Not Holy). Amen” (Ѻ)(Ѻ), Merkabah Master Truther, Apr 30.
(b) Maxwell, Jordan; Tice, Paul; Snow, Alan. (2000). That Old-Time Religion: the Story of Religious Foundations (§:The Solar Cult, pgs. 35-54; Bibliography and Recommended Reading, pg. 74). The Book Tree.
6. Spivey, Thomas S. (1927). Christianity and Mythology (pg. 45). Book Tree, 2002.
7. Spivey, Thomas S. (1935). The Awakening of the Sixth Sense (pg. 236). Publisher.
8. (a) Hecht, Jennifer M. (2003). Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas (pgs. 171-72). HarperOne.
(b) Cohen, Shaye J.D. (2014). From the Maccabees to the Mishnah (pg. 218). Presbyterian Publishing Corp.
● Judaism – Wikipedia.