|Some of the main books in the formation of the modern 21st century newly-forming science of human chemical thermodynamics: German polymath Johann Goethe’s 1809 human chemical theory introducing Elective Affinities, English-born American chemical engineer William Fairburn’s 1901 “humans as chemicals” with entropy properties introducing Human Chemistry, Americans writers Thomas Dreier and consulting chemist Gustavus Esselen’s 1948 similarly-themed We Human Chemicals, English physicist C.G. Darwin’s 1952 science of "human thermodynamics" defined as the “thermodynamics of human molecules” introducing The Next Million Years, American limnologists Robert Sterner and James Elser’s 2002 human molecular formula introducing Ecological Stoichiometry, German physicist Jurgen Mimkes’ 2006 Econophysics and Sociophysics “A Thermodynamic Formulation of Social Science” chapter, American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims 2007 “human chemistry the study of the behaviors of human molecules” Human Chemistry textbook and 2008 “history of HMS pioneers” booklet The Human Molecule, American physical chemist Thomas Dreier’s 2009 Wealth, Energy, and Human Values appendix section: “The Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Applied to Socioeconomics”, and most-recently Indian-born American mechanical engineer Kalyan Annamalai and American mechanical engineer Carlos A. Silva’s Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering “§14.4.1: Human body | Formulae” definition of a human, based on Thims’ human molecular formula.|
“A Guidemap to Human Chemical Thermodynamics: Goethe's Elective Affinities to Human Free Energies”
The talk is centered on explaining how the following 1936 affinity-free energy equation, the centerpiece of thermodynamic theory of affinity:
scales up to explain social interactions and is given to Northern Illinois University mechanical engineering professor Milivoje Kostic's engineering thermodynamics students; this main page and the linked drop menu pages, adjacent, being an outline of the lecture. 
“Perhaps our genius for unity will some time produce a science so broad as to include the behavior of a group of electrons and the behavior of a university faculty, but such a possibility seems now so remote that I for one would hesitate to guess whether this wonderful science would be more like mechanics or like a psychology.”— Gilbert Lewis (1925), Anatomy of Science
The subject of human chemical thermodynamics is abbreviated herein as "HCT", for lecture notes simplicity.
1. About the speaker
2. Student reactions (2010-2012)
3. Cengel-Boles examples
4. Piston and cylinder view
5. Human molecule view
6. Equations of chemical thermodynamics
7. Newton's Query 31 to Goethe's elective affinities to human free energies
8. Human molecular engineering
9. Mechanical engineers [H] vs. Chemical engineers [H]
10. Homework problems [H]
|Left: Lecturer Libb Thims, at segment 48:30-50:39 (see: video), doing the famous "ball and ring experiment" to explain "social expansion" (day) and "social contraction" (night), in Carnot cycle terms, in respect to hot body (sun) / cold body (night sky) alternating daily contact of earth-bound social systems (working body), Boerhaave's law, entropy (transformation content) increase, and irreversible changes in Gibbs free energy states of human existence and experience. Right: edited synopsis video segment of lecture.|
● Applications [H]
● Rossini debate [H] (resistance)
The following schematic shows the main stepping stone outline of the lecture:
|German polymath Johann Goethe published his human chemical theory in the form of a coded physical chemistry based novella called Elective Affinities, wherein people are considered as chemicals reacting to each other according to the laws of affinity chemistry—the precursor science to chemical thermodynamics, scene from the famous chapter four shown below:|| The following formula was given by German physicist Hermann Helmholtz as the formulation for affinity in relation to the direction of changes spontaneously occurring:|
which states that the affinities will only be active when the system of the chemical process shows a decrease in free energy F with time t.
“Given the unlimited validity of Clausius' law, it would then be the value of the free energy, not that of the total energy resulting from heat production, which determines in which sense the chemical affinity can be active.”
|The science of human thermodynamics was defined by English physicist C.G. Darwin as the thermodynamical study of "systems" of human molecules, the following of which gives an idea of the paradigm change this view carries:|
“Human thermodynamics is the statistical mechanics of conservative dynamical systems of human molecules.”
|Leibniz (1646-1716)||Goethe (1749-1832)||Helmholtz (1821-1894)||Neumann|
The following are relevant quotes, in respect to the above three lecture outline steps, to the effect that in the lineage of historical dozen or so "universal geniuses" there are four known "last universal geniuses", shown adjacent, of which the first of which, German polymath Gottfried Leibniz, was the co-inventor of the differential equation language of the above equations (see: history of differential equations), the second of which, German polymath Johann Goethe, showed how physical chemistry could be used to explain human existence, the last two, German physician-physicist Hermann Helmholtz and Hungarian mathematician and chemical engineer John Neumann, who showed how the work of the previous two could be used to explain human existence in terms of free energy, were both bred in the language—namely: chemical thermodynamics—of chemical engineering thermodynamics, which, according to German physicist and thermodynamics historian Ingo Muller, is the underlying tool of the newly-emerging field of socio-thermodynamics:
|The so-called "modern" universal genius, Neumann being the last of the lineage, needs a unified grasp of the above eight fields in order to make cogent progress in the quest for understanding (see: genius IQs).|
“The matter of multiplicity of contributors needs no great explanation, for we are all used to this in the modern handbooks. I believe it is a common saying that Helmholtz was the last universal genius, and we are fast arriving at the point where even a single subject becomes too vast for one man. At any rate, whether or not any of my learned colleagues could write an entire chemical engineering handbook, I could not—hence the present form.”— Donald Liddell (1922) Handbook of Chemical Engineering, McGraw-Hill 
“It is interesting to note that socio-thermodynamics is only accessible to chemical engineers and metallurgists. These are the only people who know phase diagrams and their usefulness. It cannot be expected, in our society, that sociologists will appreciate the potential of these ideas.”— Ingo Muller (2007), A History of Thermodynamics 
The following, to situate the lecture on a point of reference, are Neumann's 1934 economic thermodynamics estimate of analogon variables, in terms of what each thermodynamic variable corresponds to in economic terms: 
Compare the "free energy" views of American IQ=225+ cited child prodigy turned astrophysicist Christopher Hirata and penned "exercise examples", as found in each of the five parts of his circa 2000 article "The Physics of Relationships".
Human chemical reaction theory
See main: Human chemical reaction theoryThe following gives an outline of the logic of German polymath Johann Goethe's 1796 human chemical theory, as explained via Platonic-Hegelian dialectic narration, in the above video, in which reaction between limestone, i.e. calcium carbonate (CaCO3), and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) which upon contact yields gypsum (CaSO4·2H2O), in the form an aqueous crystal, and carbon dioxide (CO2) gas, a reaction that is compared and contrasted with the reactions that are occurring between the main characters in the novel: Charlotte (carbon dioxide), Edward (lime), Captain (sulfuric acid); the modern chemical equation for the limestone sulfuric acid reaction is shown below; a video of reaction of calcium carbonate chips with sulfuric acid is shown to the right —which shows that in the course of 13-minutes, the “extent”, symbol ξ, pronounced xi or “zi”, starting from an initial 50 grams total of reactant remains, only 49.13 grams remain, measurable by the scale, meaning that 0.83 grams of carbon dioxide gas was produced as reaction product:
|AB + CD → AC + BD|
Shown below are a 2005 Hmolscience periodic table, American physicist Alfred Mayer's 1878 floating magnets experiment, and the 1913 Bohr model:
|Related, the following are leading quotes from the defunct theory of life position:|
“There is no thing endowed with life.”— Nikola Tesla (1915), “How Cosmic Forces Shape Our Destinies” 
See the full article: life terminology upgrades for more on this issue of jettisoning of bio-centric terms.
● Animate molecule
Retinal molecule (C20H280)
● Walking molecule
● Extrapolate up approach
● Extrapolate down approach
“About 1,000 billion photons of sunlight fall on a pinhead each second.”
— John Gribbin (2000), Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of Particle Physics “Light—an electromagnetic field of a certain wavelength range—is a stream of photons; those of light are ‘on the mass shell’, those of electric and magnetic fields are not.”
— Martinus Veltman (2003), Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics 
● Neodymium floating magnets experiment (video)
● Molecular evolution table | Great chain of being
● Evolution timeline
Wallace | Modern view
The following, to tie the above lecture synopsis together with modern ideas, is American physical chemist Thomas Wallace's 2009 views, from his “The Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Applied to Socioeconomics”, in regards to how Gibbs free energy change applies to the rise and fall of civilizations: 
“The thermodynamic parameter free energy:Wallace, however, as is the case with most modern day physical chemists, is ignorant of German polymath Johann Goethe's previous 1809 work on the same subject, albeit discussed in the synonymous terms of chemical affinity. The aim of the lecture will be to outline the needed rectification this disjunct.
represents the fundamental driving force in nature and determines whether physical and chemical processes conducted by nature and society will take place [and] the civilization development model [can be] represented by the following equation:
where P is the primitive phase, F the feudal phase, S the state phase, I the imperial phase,meaning dynamic equilibrium, and → meaning complete conversion to products.”
|American lawyer Daniel Spiro, a member of the Goethe Institute, Washington, and a graduate of Stanford University and Harvard Law School, notes (2005) strikingly how the works of Goethe, in the US, despite being the second most widely held author in libraries world-wide, according to WorldCat, “remain largely unread and rarely discussed”, which is strikingly similar to the experience of American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims who is nearly flubberstruck/flabbergasted, by the that he passed through a US chemical engineering degree and was never told about Goethe’s Elective Affinities, and the modern-day chemical thermodynamic ramifications of this great treatise, and subsequently was forced to go on another eleven-years searching the literature for the historical underpinnings of the theory of human chemical thermodynamics, before discovering Goethe in circa 2006, via footnote 2.5 in the 1984 work of Belgian chemist Ilya Prigogine, whose father Roman Prigogine, was a chemical engineer?|
The following are related quotes:
“Words like 'great' and 'genius' could aptly be used for but a select number of artists—for Michelangelo or say Shakespeare. In the United States, the works of these great artists have been incorporated into popular culture as the epitome of visual and linguistic beauty. By contrast, on these shores, Goethe's works remain largely unread and rarely discussed except among college students, most of whom develop a healthy dose of amnesia shortly after graduation.”
— Daniel Spiro (2005), “Remember to Live! The Philosophy of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe”
The following are in-class lecture materials:
1. Ball and ring experiment
2. Illuminated globe w/ piston and cylinder
3. Laser pointer
4. Human chemistry textbooks (case of books)
5. Bergman textbook and Bergman affinity table
6. Clausius textbook (1875)
7. Camcorder + stand + extension chord[s]
|The WorldCat top 100 identities in world library holdings, Goethe ranked number two, behind Shakespeare.|
1. (a) MEE 350 (ABET criteria 2000 course description) – Engineering Thermodynamics (Prof. M. Kostic) – NIU.edu.
(b) MEE 350 (syllabus) – NIU.edu.
2. Wallace, Thomas P. (2009). Wealth, Energy, and Human Values: the Dynamics of Decaying Civilizations from Ancient Greece to America (Le Chatelier's principle, pgs. 142-43; Appendix A: The Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Applied to Socioeconomics, pgs. 469-89). AuthorHouse.
3. (a) Spiro, Daniel. (2005). “Remember to Live! The Philosophy of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe”, talk delivered at the Washington, D.C., Spinoza Society, Goethe-Institute, Sep 7.
(b) Goethe, Johann. (1796). Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship (quote: “Remember to Live!”, pg. 331). Publisher.
(c) Daniel Spiro (about) – TheAegisPress.com.
4. Liddell, Donald M. (1922). Handbook of Chemical Engineering, Volume 1 (quote, pg. ix). McGraw-Hill Company.
5. Müller, Ingo. (2007). A History of Thermodynamics: the Doctrine of Energy and Entropy (pg. 164). New York: Springer.
6. (a) Leonard, Robert J. (1995). “From Parlor Games to Social Science: von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory, 1928-1944” (abs), Journal of Economic Literature, 33(2): 730-761.
(b) Leonard, Robert J. (2010). Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory (pg. i). Cambridge University Press.
(c) Neumann, John. (1934). “Letter to Abraham Flexner”, May 25, Faculty Files, Folder 1933-35. VNIAS.
7. Gribbin, John. (2000). Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of Particle Physics (pg. 283). Simon & Schuster.
8. Veltman, Martinus. (2003). Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics (pg. 17). World Scientific.
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● Lecture: HCT | Truth