Mangnall's Abstract of Heathen Mythology

In mythology, Mangnall’s Abstract of Heathen Mythology (TR:9) refers to the cogent A-Z listing of Greek deities by English schoolmistress and writer Richmal Mangnall (1769–1820) from her 1798 Historical and Miscellaneous Questions for the Use of Young People, printed privately and anonymously for use in the school; the 1830 edition of which is shown below.

The following is Mangnall’s A-Z listing of Greco-Roman deities (700BC-400AD), semi-ordered by relatedness, and characters; with notation etymology details added in grey text and brackets. Those twelve gods shown bolded, colored, and numbered secondarily are the remaining gods to be slayed or "assassinated", in the Albert Camus (1942) sense of the matter, via chemistry, physics, and astronomy: [1]


Greek [Roman] [Egyptian]

1.Zeus [Jupiter] [Amen-Ra] [Osiris] (Taylor, 1829)
Big bang (god labeled)the supreme deity of the heathen world, wife of Jupiter [check: typo/paste error?], and queen of heaven; in 332BC, Alexander claimed divine rule under Amen-Zeus, aka the Egyptian + Greek god syncretism of Amen-Ra and Zeus.

Matter and energy moves itself. It has no exterior mover.”
Jean Meslier (c.1720) (Ѻ)

“Before we understand science, it is natural believe that god created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant [in A Brief History of Time (1988) (Ѻ)] by ‘we would know the mind of god’ is, we would know everything that god would know, if there were a god. Which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.”
Stephen Hawking (2014), El Mundo interview, Sep 23 (Ѻ)(Ѻ)(Ѻ)
2.Junoprotectress of married women.
3.Apollo [Horus] (Ѻ)(Ѻ) god of music, poetry, and the sciences.
4.Minerva, or Pallas daughter of Jupiter, and goddess of wisdom.
5.Mercury [Odin] (Ѻ) the god of eloquence, and messenger of the gods.
6.Aeolusgod of the winds [etymology of aeolipile].
7.Dionysus [Bacchus] [Osiris]god of wine.

8.Mars [#1] War and Peacegod of war.

[“A particle of matter cannot tell us that it is unconscious of the laws of attraction and repulsion and that the law is not true; but man, who is the subject of history, says bluntly: I am free, and am therefore not subject to laws.”
Leo Tolstoy (1869), War and Peace]
9.Dianagoddess of hunting, and chastity.
10.Esculapiusgod of physic.
11.Venus [Aphrodite] [#2]
Beckhap's law (labeled)goddess of beauty and love.

[Image: Beckhap's law proof]
12.Aurora goddess of the morning.
13.Cupid [Eros] [#3]Cupid (labeled)son of Venus, and god of love.
14.Saturngod of time.
15.Astrea Justice (labeled)goddess of justice.
16.Até goddess of revenge.
17.Bellona goddess of war, and sister to Mar.
18.Boreasgod of the north wind.
19.Agenoria goddess of industry.
20.Angerona goddess of silence.
21.Ceresgoddess of agriculture.
22.Collilla goddess of hills.
23.Comusgod of laughter and mirth.
24.Concordia goddess of peace.
25.Cybele wife of the god Saturn, and mother of the earth.
26.Discordia the goddess of contention.
27.Fama, or Fame the goddess of report.
28.Flora the goddess of flowers.
29.Fortuna [#4] Happiness (labeled)the goddess of happiness and misery, said to be blind [etymology of fortune].
30.Harpocrates the god of silence.
31.Hebe goddess of youth.
32.Hygeia goddess of health.
33.Hymen god of marriage.
34.Janus [#5] Janusa Roman deity, who was said to be endowed with the knowledge of the past and the future. He was considered as being the guardian of the roads, the inventor of doors, of boats, and crowns. His temple, built by Numa, was open in time of war, and shut in time of peace.
35.Lares household gods among the Romans: they were also called Penates.
36.Mnemosyne goddess of memory.
37.Momus god of raillery.
38.Mors [#6]Grim-Reaper (Mors)goddess of death [etymology of moral | immoral; mortal | immortal; mortician, etc.].
39.Noxthe most ancient of all the deities.
40.Pan the god of shepherds [seeming etymology of pan-prefix terms, e.g. pantheism, panbioism, panexperientialism, etc.].
41.Pluto god of hell.
42.Proserpine wife to Pluto, and queen of the internal regions.
43.Plutus god of riches.
44.Pomona goddess of fruits and autumn.
45.Proteus a sea-god, said to have the power of changing himself into any shape he pleased.
46.Psyche [#7] Psychology (seven models)the wife of Cupid, goddess of mind [etymology of psychology].
47.Pudicitia goddess of modesty.
48.Sylvanus god of the woods.
49.Terminus god of boundaries [etymology of terminal].
50.Neptunegod of the sea.
51.Amphitrite goddess of the sea.
52.Thetis a sea-nymph.
53.Vacuna goddess of idle persons.
54.Vertumnus god of the spring.
55.Vesta goddess of fire.
56.Morpheus [#8]Red pill or Blue pillgod of dreams [etymology of the character “Morpheus” of The Matrix (1999), per the phrase “do you ever have that feeling that your dreaming but still awake?”].

[Image: atheist rabbit hole].
57.Somnus god of sleep.
58.Vulcan god of fire.
59.The Parcae, or Fates [#9] Destiny (labeled)daughters of Necessitas. They were supposed to spin and cut the thread of human life and destiny. Their names were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos [etymology of the term fate].
60.Furies daughters Acheron and Nox, the punishers of wicked deeds. There names were Alecto, Megara, and Tisiphone. They are armed with whips and torches, and have serpents twining in their hair.
61.Graces three sisters, daughters of Jupiter, and attendants upon Venus and the Muses: their names were Aglaia, Thalia, and Euphrosyne.
62.The Gorgons the three daughters of Phorcus and Cete. They are represented as having their heads covered with vipers, as having but one eye between them, and an appearance so hideous as to turn into stone all who looked upon them. . Their names were Euryale, Medusa, and Stheno.
63.Muses the nine daughters of Jupiter, and the goddess of memory. They presided over the sciences, and were called Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, and Urania. Calliope was the muse of eloquence and heroic poetry; Clio, of history; Erato, of amorous poetry; Euterpe, of music; Melpomene, of tragedy; Polyhymnia, of rhetoric; Terpsichore, of dancing; Thalia, of comedy and lyric poetry; and Urania, of astronomy.
64.Harpiesthree monsters, with the faces of women, the bodies of vultures, and hands armed with claws: their names were Aelo, Ocypete, and Celaeno.
65.Hesperides three sisters, who kept golden apples in a garden, guarded by a dragon: Hercules slew the dragon, and carried off the apples.
66.Acheron a river in hell.
67.Achilles a Grecian who signalized himself at the siege of Troy; and is said to have been dipped by his mother in the river Styx, which rendered him invulnerable in every part, except his right heel, by which she held him [etymology of Achilles’ heel].
68.Actaeon a famous hunter, changed by Diana into a stag, for disturbing her while bathing.
69.Adonis a youth said to be extremely beautiful, and beloved by Venus.
70.Aeacus one of the judges of hell.
71.Aegis the shield of Minerva, covered with the skin of the goat Amalthea, by whose milk Jupiter was nourished, having, as a boss, the terrific head of the Gorgon Medusa.
72.Ambarvalia sacrifices in honour of Ceres.
73.Ambrosia the food of the gods.
74.Acisa Sicilian shepherd, extremely beautiful.
75.Aegeria a beautiful nymph, worshipped by the Romans, from whom Numa asserted that he had received the wise laws he gave to the Romans.
76.Arachne a woman turned into a spider, for contending with Minerva at spinning.
77.Argus a man said to have had an hundred eyes, changed by Juno into a peacock.
78.Atalantaa woman remarkable for her swift running.
79.Atlas [#10] Shu (holding up Nut) 2the son of Jupiter, aid to have supported the heavens on his shoulders; afterwards turned into: mountain [see: Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand].

[Image: a depiction of Shu, of the Heliopolis creation myth, holding up the heavens or sky (Nut); the precursor to Atlas]
80.Avernus a lake in the infernal regions.
81.Briareusa giant, said to have had fifty heads and one hundred hands.
82.Brumalia feasts held in honor of Bacchus.
83.Caduceus a wand borne by Mercury, round which were entwined two snakes, by which he induced or drove away sleep, and commanded the shadowy multitudes of ghosts.
84.Castiades a name given to the Muses.
85.Centaurscreatures half men, half horses, said to have inhabited Thessaly.
86.Castor and Pollux two brothers, who had immortality conferred upon them alternately, by Jupiter. They make that constellation in the heavens called Gemini.
87.Cerberus a dog with three heads, which kept the gates of hell.
88.Charities a name for the Graces.
89.Charon the ferryman of hell.
90.Chiron a centaur, who taught Esculapius physics; Hercules astronomy; and was afterwards made the constellation Sagittarius.
91.Circe a famous enchantress.
92.Cocytus a river in hell, flowing from the river Styx.
93.Cyclops the workmen of Vulcan, who had only one eye in the middle of their forehead.
94.Delos the island where Apollo was born, and had a celebrated oracle.
95.Dryadesnymphs of the woods.
96.Daphne a beautiful woman, changed into the laurel tree as she fled from Apollo.
97.Elysium the paradise of the heathens.
98.Erebus a river in hell, famed for its blackness.
99.Ganymede a beautiful boy, made cup-bearer to Jupiter.
100.Genii guardian angels: there were good and evil.
101.Gordius a king of Phrygia, who was famed for having fastened a knot of cords [Gordian knot], on which the empire of Asia depended, in so intricate a manner, that Alexander the Great, not being able to untie it, cut it asunder.
102.Gyges a shepherd, who possessed a ring which rendered him invisible when he turned the stone towards his body.
103.Hamadryades nymphs said to have lived in oak-trees.
104.Hermes a name for Mercury [see: Hermes Trismegistus].
105.Hecate Diana's name in hell.
106.Helicona famous mountain in Boeotia, sacred to Apollo and the Muses.
107.Hercules [Thor] [Horus] (Ѻ) the son of Jupiter, famed for his great strength and numerous exploits.

Note: Horus is also spelled "Heru" (Muata Ashby). [4]
108.Hesperus, or Vesper the poetical name for the evening star.
109.Hydra a serpent with seven heads, killed by Hercules [see: hydraism].
110.Idaa famous mountain near Troy.
111.Ixion a wicked tyrant, who, having insulted Juno, was affixed to a wheel in the infernal regions, perpetually revolving over burning fumes.
112.Iris the messenger of Juno, changed by her into the rainbow.
113.Lamiaea name for the Gorgons.
114.Lethea river in hell, whose waters had the power of causing forgetfulness.
115.Luciferthe poetical name for the morning star.
116.Latona a nymph loved by Jupiter: she was the mother of Apollo and Diana.
117.Medea a famous sorceress.
118.Midas a king of Phrygia, who had the power given him, by Bacchus, of turning whatever he touched into gold.
119.Minos one of the judges of hell, famed for his justice: he was king of Crete.
120.Nereides sea-nymphs; of whom there were fifty.
121.Naioades nymphs of rivers and fountains.
123.Niobe a woman said to have wept herself into a statue for the loss of her fourteen children [possible etymology of “Niobe” of The Matrix (1999)].
124.Nectar the beverage of the gods.
125.Olympus a famous mountain in Thessaly, the resort of the gods.
126.Orpheus the son of Jupiter and Calliope. His musical powers were so great, that he is said to have charmed rocks, trees, and stones, by the sound of his lyre.
127.Pactolus a river said to have golden sands.
128.Pandora [#11] [Eve] Pandora's box (hope)a woman made by Vulcan, endowed with gifts by all the gods and goddesses. She had a box given her containing all kinds of evils, with Hope at the bottom.
129.Pegasus a winged horse, belonging to Apollo and the Muses.
130.Phaeton the son of Apollo, who asked the guidance of his father's chariot as a proof of his divine descent, but managed it so ill that he set the world on fire.
131.Phlegethon a boiling river in hell.
132.Prometheus [#12] Prometheus (labeled)a man who, assisted by Minerva, stole fire from heaven, with which he is said to have animated a figure formed of clay [see: Hippocrates (400BC) and animal heat]. Jupiter, as a punishment for his audacity, condemned him to be chained to Mount Caucasus, with a vulture perpetually gnawing his liver.

[Adjacent image (Ѻ) on legend telling how the gods chose two brothers, Prometheus and Epimethius, to create the living things that would inhabit a planet which was beautiful to look at but, as yet, quite empty of life.]
133.Pigmies a tribe of men in Libya, represented by poetical fiction as only a span in height, and as carrying on continual war with the cranes.
134.Python a serpent which Apollo killed; in memory of which the Pythian games were instituted.
135.Pyramus and Thisbe two fond lovers, who killed themselves with the same sword, and whose blood changed the color of the berries of the mulberry tree under which they died from white to purple.
136.Pindusa mountain in Thessaly, sacred to the Muses.
137.Philemon and Baucis a poor old man and woman who entertained Jupiter and Mercury in their travels through Phrygia, when they were refused hospitality by the other inhabitants of the village. For which good act their cottage was, at their desire, changed into a temple, of which they were made priest and priestess; and they were permitted to die at the same time, that neither might have the pain of surviving the other.
138Polyphemus one of the Cyclops, the son of Neptune; a cruel monster, whom Ulysses destroyed.
139Rhadamanthus one of the judges of hell.
140.Saturnalia feasts sacred to Saturn.
141.Satyrs priests of Bacchus, half men, half goats.
142.Stentor a Grecian, whose voice was as strong and loud as that of fifty men together.
143.Syrens sea-monsters, who charmed people with the sweetness of their music, and then devoured them.
144.Sisyphus [#13] Sisyphus (meaning)a man doomed to roll a large stone up a mountain in hell, which continually rolled back; as a punishment for his perfidy and numerous robberies [see: Jean-Paul Sartre].
145.Styx a river in hell, by which when the gods swore, their oath was irrevocable.
146.Tempe a beautiful vale in Thessaly, the resort of the gods.
147.Tartarus the abode of the wicked in hell.
148.Triton Neptune's son, and his trumpeter.
149.Trophonius the son of Apollo, who gave oracles in a gloomy cave, which made those silent who entered it.
150.Tantalus the son of Jupiter, who, serving up the limbs of his son Pelops in a dish, to try the divinity of the gods, was plunged up to the chin in a lake of hell, the water of which escaped from his lips whenever he attempted to drink; while a tree, that hung over his head laden with fruit, swung its branches out of his reach whenever he tried to pluck and eat; so that he suffered the pain of unqueuchable thirst and hunger.
151.Zephyrus the poetical name for the west wind.

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The following are related quotes:

Plutarch's version of the myth of Isis and Osiris connects the various episodes, many of which can be documented from Egyptian sources, into a single, running narrative (On Isis and Osiris, 12-19). The story begins with Kronos (Geb, the Egyptian earth god) and Rhea (Nut, the Egyptian sky goddess) overcoming the curse of Helios (Re, the sun god) with the help of Hermes (Thoth, the Egyptian moon god) by producing five children on five intercalary days: Osiris, Horus, Typhon (Set), Isis, and Nephthys. As pharaoh of Egypt, Osiris brings civilization to that country and to the whole world. Typhon, however, gathers conspirators and plots to kill Osiris. First, he imprisons Osiris within a coffin and throws it into the Nile River, and later he dismembers the body of Osiris and scatters the pieces all around Egypt. One piece, the penis, is lost forever in the Nile River. In both episodes, the reproductive power of Osiris is sub-merged in the Nile. (Isis grieving and searching for Osiris and burning away the mortality of the infant prince of Byblos can be compared with …”
— Marvin Meyer (1999), The Ancient Mysteries (Ѻ)

Nietzsche was the most famous of God’s assassins.”
Albert Camus (1942), The Myth of Sisyphus

1. (a) Mangnall, Richmal. (1798). Historical and Miscellaneous Questions (§: ). Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1830.
(b) Richmal Mangnall – Wikipedia.
3. Ashby, Muata. (1997). Anunian Theology: African Religion, Volume One (pg. 41). Cruzian Mystic Books.

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