Natural morality

In hmolscience, natural morality, related to “universal morality” (Ѻ) and “absolute morality” (Ѻ), refers to the “good and evil” (Hobbes, 1651), in anthropo-religious speak, or “right and wrong”, in secular speak, defined according to nature, as nature is understood in a physico-chemical sense, i.e. in terms of what is "natural" and "unnatural" in thermodynamic terms; morality defined by nature.

In 1809, Johann Goethe states, in cryptic form, that the "moral symbols" of nature, chemically and socially, are found in Torbern Bergman's 1775 A Dissertation on Elective Attractions, in other words, that the measure of chemical affinity, as determined by affinity tables and affinity reaction diagrams, is what determines right and wrong in evolutionary terms, or "metamorphosis" terms, as Goethe called his version of evolution, chemical to man.

In 1852, John Mill, in his "Nature" essay, in his discussion of Alexander Pope's 1734 An Essay of Man moral poetry work, gave the following semblance of ideas on natural morality: [5]

“For how stands the fact? That, next to the greatness of these cosmic forces, the quality which most forcibly strikes everyone who does not avert his eyes from it is their perfect and absolute recklessness. They go straight to their end without regarding what or whom they crush on the road. Optimists, in their attempts to prove that ‘whatever is, is right,’ are obliged to maintain, not that nature ever turns one step from her path to avoid trampling us into destruction, but that it would be very unreasonable in us to expect that she should. Pope's ‘Shall gravitation cease when you go by?’ may be a just rebuke to anyone who should be so silly as to expect common human morality from nature. But if the question were between two men, instead of between a man and a natural phenomenon, that triumphant apostrophe would be thought a rare piece of impudence. A man who should persist in hurling stones or firing cannon when another man 'goes by,' and, having killed him, should urge a similar plea in exculpation, would very deservedly be found guilty of murder. In sober truth, nearly all the things which men are hanged or imprisoned for doing to one another are nature's every-day performances.”

The "slave stealing parable" of Zeno of Citium seems to come to mind here.

See also
Flower stealing model
Goethean morality
Morality Squared
Physicochemical morality puzzles

1. (a) Mill, John S. (c.1852). “Nature”, in: Three Essays on Religion (pgs. 3-68; Pope, pg. 28). Longmans, Green & Co., 1885.
(b) Stewart, Balfour and Tait, Peter G. (1875). The Unseen Universe: or Physical Speculations on a Future State (pg. 195). Macmillan.

External links
Natural morality – Wikipedia.

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