Ogdoad

Ogdoad
A visual of the structure of the Ogdoad, according to Gary Greenberg (2000), comprised of the eight gods: Nun, Naunet, Huh, Hauhet, Kuk, Kauket, Amen, and Amenet.
In theogonies, Ogdoad was an eight-god family, or paut, centered in Hermopolis (c.2400BC), generally considered the oldest of Egyptian theogonies, comprised of male-female god-goddess pair: Nun and Naunet, representative of chaos, who produced three god-goddess pairs: Huh and Hauhet, representative of space and infinity, Kuk and Kauket, representative of darkness, and Amen and Amenet, representative of wind, turbulence, stormy waters, and hidden powers. [1]
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Overview
In 1904, Wallis Budge, in his The Gods of the Egyptians, visually depicted the Ogdoad, with snake (goddess) and frog (god) heads, as follows: [2]

Ogdoad (sketch)

The following is 2018 rendition of first god-goddess pair Nun and Naunet, of the Ogdoad, by artist Jeszika le Vye (Ѻ)(Ѻ), showing "pairs symmetrical, a woman with the head of a snake and a man with the head of a frog - masculine and feminine representations of the same concept - so much so that their names even were identical except the change in gender" with "Nu and Nunut represented the primordial waters that existence spawned from, the great chaotic expense before the order of creation":

Nu and Naunet

Budge writes the names of each of the gods, hieroglyphically, as follows, showing: Nun (Nu) and Naunet (Nut), Hah (Heru) and Hauhet (Hehut), Kak (Kekui) and Kauket (Kekuit), and a last pair "Kerh and Kerhet":

Ogdoad (hieroglyphics)
In 2000, Gary Greenberg, of note, classified the last pair of gods as Amen and Amenet. [1]
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The following is a depiction of the Ogdoad, showing the gods with serpent and frog heads, from the Hathor temple in the Dendera temple (c.30AD) area:
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Ogdoad (Dendera)

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Egyptian pantheon
The following shows the Ogdoad in the context of the general Egyptian pantheon of gods, made (Ѻ) by deviant artist TeniCola (Ѻ), which is fairly accurate:

Ogdoad (Egyptian pantheon)

Here we see the Ogdoad, the oldest god family, shown next to the Ennead, or group of nine gods at Heliopolis. Budge, of note, comments that all god families or “pauts” were eight in number; the paut of Heliopolis became “nine” because they added on their local god Atum to the separate eight god paut (Shu and Tefnut, Geb and Nut, Osiris, Set, Isis and Nephthys). [2]
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Hermopolis recension
In 2181 to 2061BC, or 7th to 11th dynasty (first intermediate period), during the so-called “Hermopolis recension”, Hermopolis became the state capital of Egypt, according to which the Ogdoad became the supreme god or god power, so to say, of Egypt, and a synretism occurred in which the Ogdoad was said to have created Ra or Ra-Atum (Atum-Ra):
Ogdoad
After which, Ra-Atum, in turn, was said to have created the Ennead.

Greek recension
In c.640BC, Hesiod used the Ogdoad model of chaos as the origin basis of his Theogony model of the origin of the Greek gods, similar to what Salon had done before him.

In 321BC, Epicurus, then aged 12, learned Hesiod’s chaos origin of things, after which he interrogated his teacher with the query: ‘Whence, then, came chaos?’ The teacher could not answer. Epicurus began to philosophize on his own after this.

See also
Ennead

References
1. Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (Ogdoad, 5+ pgs). Source Books.
2. Budge, Wallis. (1904). The Gods of the Egyptians, Volume One (pgs. 282-83). Dover, 1969.

Further reading
● Anon. (2008). National Geographic Essential Visual History of the World Mythology (pg. #). National Geographic Society.

External links
Ogdoad (Egyptian) – Wikipedia.

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