Out-of-equilibrium

In science, out-of-equilibrium is a term that refers to thermodynamic system that is not in equilibrium. [1]

See also
● Local equilibrium
● Non-equilibrium
● Near-equilibrium
Far-from-equilibrium

References
1. (a) Leuzzi, Luca and Nieuwenhuizen, Theo M. (2007). Thermodynamics of the Glassy State (section 3.3: Out-of-equilibrium thermodynamics, pgs. 116-31). CRC Press.
(b) Balescu, Radu. (1997). Statistical Dynamics: Matter Out of Equilibrium. College Press.

Further reading
● Amendola, Mario and Gaffard, Jean-Luc. (1998). Out of Equilibrium. Oxford University Press.
● Punzo, Lionello F. (2001). Cycles, Growth and Structural Change: Theories and Empirical Evidence (ch. 5: Out-of-equilibrium Dynamics, pgs. 115-27). Routledge.

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