PE

Guttenberg printing examination
printing ear dating system
Top: Gutenberg depicted taking the first proof off his printing press. (Ѻ) Bottom: the BP (before printing) / PE (printing era) "printing era dating system", based on the year of the invention of the Gutenberg printing press, introduced in 2012 (562 PE) by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims. [1]
In dating systems, PE, short for “printing era”, as compared to modern era (ME), is an hmolscience dating system, according to which the year zero (0 PE), the start of the knowledge revolution, is assigned to the year of the invention of the Guttenberg printing press, by German inventor Johannes Gutenberg, which occurred in the year 1450 AD, in the Anno Domini dating system.

Years before printing era (PE) are referred to as “Before Printing” (BP) era years.

Epicurus | 1417
Alternative to the assignment of 1450 to the start of the modern era (or 1642 Newton birth as start), American Historian Stephen Greenblatt contends, in his discussion of the Epicurean swerve, how Florentine-Roman Latin manuscripts scholar Poggio Bracciolini's Jan 1417 discover of the then known only surviving copy of Lucretius’ 55BC On the Nature of Things, is what launched the modern era, the Renaissance, and modern science. [10] Poggio’s find is summarized as follows: [11]

“One of Poggio's finds that has become especially famous was, in January 1417, in a German monastery (never named by Poggio, but probably Fulda), the discovery of the only manuscript of Lucretius's De Rerum Natura known at the time. Poggio spotted the name, which he remembered as quoted by Cicero. This was a Latin poem of 7,400 lines, divided into six books, giving a full description of the world as viewed by the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus. It has been translated as On the Nature of the Universe (Oxford World's Classics). The manuscript found by Poggio was not preserved, but he sent the copy he had ordered to Niccolo Niccoli, who made a transcription in his beautiful book hand (the creator of italic script), which became the model for the more than fifty other copies circulating at the time. Poggio complained that Niccoli didn't return his original copy for 14 years! Later two 9th-century manuscripts were discovered, the O ("Oblongus", ca. 825) and Q ("Quadratus") codices, now kept at Leiden University.”

(add discussion)

Dating system | Comparisons
The following are noted printing era geniuses (see: genius IQs), ordered by date of synthesis (birth) in the PE dating system:

Genius
AD
PEME

Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 2-69

Nicolaus Copernicus1473-1543 23-93

Isaac Newton1643-1727193-27 0-84

Johann Goethe 1749-1832299-382107-190

Albert Einstein 1879-1955429-505 237-313

Stephen Hawking1942-492-300-

Christopher Hirata 1982-532-340-

where are a different breed of geniuses, in some sense, as compared to before printing (BP) geniuses, as the amount of known information tended to increase.

Cosmological reference point
The start of the PE dating system is cosmologically assigned to the day after the winter solstice six years prior exactly to the 23-documented passing of Haley’s comet, which occurred on June 9th, 1456 AD, as shown below:

Halley's comet (0 PE)
Gutenberg printing press (0 PE)
Halley's comet (1986)


and in which the year 1 BP(1449 AD) occurred the year prior, counting backwards, similar to the years BC. [1] The BP/PE dating system is thus a modern hmolscience, non religio-mythology based, upgrade to the older AD, or “Anno Domini”, or “Year of our Lord”, Western culture dating system.


Newton 75
Left: English physicist Isaac Newton, in the 18th century, objected to the label "AD", based on his objection to the existence of the trinity, and would use "AC", or Anno Christum, in its place.

Etymology
English physicist Isaac Newton (1643-1727) (193-277 PE) was one of the first prominent researchers in this area, albeit research done incognito, and he would objectionably not label years as AD, but instead used AC (Anno Christum), signifying is objection to the argument of the existence of the trinity, namely his view that a person named Jesus may have existed, may have been the son of God, and may have been christened or arisen, but definitely was not the ‘Lord’ or God. [2]

The BP/PE Guttenberg dating system was introduced in the 2012 manuscript Purpose? (in a Godless universe) by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims, based on the fact that the current BC/AD dating system is a baseless system, namely based on the birth (0 AD) (1450 BP) or synthesis of the religio-mythological figure of the god/person named Jesus Christ, and hence Christianity a "Ab-Ra-ham-ic" faith which, in turn is based or rather a transmogrification/syncretism of the earlier religio-mythological figure of the Egyptian god Osiris and his god/son Horus, as retold annually in the famous “Passion of Osiris” (2400-400BC) or “Passion of Christ” (300 AD-present), all of which, Hinduism (a "B-Ra-hma-ic" faith) and Islam (an "Ab-Ra-ham-ic" faith) included, date back or rather originated in the pre-Dynastic Egyptian era (4000 BC) sun (Ra) birth/death theory (Anunian theology/Ra mythology). [3]

To cite one dominant strong opinion on the matter, without further into prolonged discussion, the following is French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte's educated views on matter of the existence of a religio-mythology figure of Jesus Christ (Greek), a term which translates as "God Osiris-Horus Anointed" (Egyptian), as follows: [4]

Napolean (on Jesus Christ)
Hence, the use of a dating system based on the date of something that never existed, especially in a hard science encyclopedia, a focused group within which fewer than 5 percent of which believe in the existence of god. The following are the 1998 polled views of America's so-called leading or "greater" scientists, the members of the National Academy of Sciences, on personal belief or disbelief on God and immortality: [2]

American National Academy of Sciences
(1998)
Disbelief in God
Disbelief
in immortality
Doubt
(or agnosticism)

of belief in God
Doubt
(or agnosticism)

of belief in Immortality
Belief
in God
Belief
in Immortality

Physical scientists
(physicists and astronomers)
79%76.3%13.5%
7.5%7.5%
Biological scientists65.2%69%32.3%
5.5%7.1%
Mathematicians



14.3%15%








Overall:72.2%76.7%20.8%23.3%7.0%7.9%

This 1998 data set can be combined with American psychologist James Leuba's 1916 and 1933 data sets to yield the following plot, which show, according to extrapolative estimates, that currently about 5 percent of leading scientists believe in the existence of God: [5]

Percent Belief in God by Scientists

The following is the circa 2000 (550PE) global distribution in beliefs:

World Religions Distribution


Ab-Ra-ham-ic faiths:
(53%)
CrossChristianity (33%)Islam 75px Islam
(20%)
Star of DavidJudaism (0.2%)BahaiBaha’ism (0.1%)MandaeanMandaeism (0.001%)














B-Ra-hma-ic faiths:
(19%)
OMHindu
(13%)
BuddhismBuddhism
(6%)
SikhsSikhism (0.4%)JainJainism (0.07%)
















Non-religious/Atheist:
(15%)
SecularSecular
(12.6%)
AtheistAtheist (2.5%)




















Other-religions:
(13%)
YinYangChinese
religions
(6.4%)
Ethnic religions
(4.2%)
New religions
(1.7%)
Spiritists
(0.2%)
ConfucianismConfucians
(0.1%)
ShintoShintoists
(0.05%)
Zoroastrians
(0.005%)


Of which 72 percent, as shown above, are Anunian theology or Ra theology (Ab-ra-ham-ic/B-ra-hma-ic) based, i.e. "Father Ra born of Nun" belief systems:

Ra theology

Hmolpedia, however, is a "thermodynamics" based belief system, hence the BC/AD dating system is congruent and in need of reform—hence the new 2013 online introduced “BP/PE” dating system implementation in Hmolpedia articles.
Learning curve
A gist learning curve chronology of the evolution of the BP/PE printing era dating system, in terms of the citation building blocks of the some of the main founders of hmolscience, namely: Empedocles (On Nature, 450BC), Goethe (Elective Affinities, 1809) Mimkes ("Society as a Many Particle System", 2000), and Thims ("A Guidemap to Human Chemical Thermodynamics"), who all, in turn, cited each other, progressively, in a successive build up.

The BP/PE dating system was introduced online, namely into the Empedocles article, on 14 Apr 2013, prior to Thims' 16 Apr 2013 lecture, entitled “A Guidemap to Human Chemical Thermodynamics: Goethe's Elective Affinities to Human Free Energies”, in which he planned to introduce Empedocles' circa 450 BC (1900 BP) chemical aphorisms about people, as poetically discussed in his On Nature; who, in turn, was cited by German polymath Johann Goethe, in his 1809 (359 PE) physical chemistry based Elective Affinities; whom, in turn, were both cited by German solid state physicist Jurgen Mimkes in his 2000 (550 PE) article "Society as a Many Particle System": [6]

“This idea goes back to Empedocles of Acragas (495-435 BC). In his book On Nature he explains solubility of wine in water by the attraction and love of relatives, segregation of water and oil by the hate of enemies. J. W. Goethe (1749-1832) used this idea in his novel Die Wahlverwandtschaften to demonstrate that human relations depend on the chemical laws of society.”

who, all three of which, are planned to be cited in the opening of Thims' 2013 (563 PE) lecture. [7] The Empedocles-Goethe human chemical theory and modern version Mimkes-Thims human chemical thermodynamics theory are "godless" belief systems; hence the use of a god-based dating system in a godless belief system is antithetical and thus directly opposed or contrasted; mutually incompatible. The BP/PE dating system is a patch solution to this inconsistency problem.

On 15 Apr 2013, the BP/PE dating system began to be introduced online into a few Hmolpedia articles, namely: Empedocles, Isaac Newton, Johann Goethe, Libb Thims, Jurgen Mimkes, and Napoleon Bonaparte.

Anno Domini dating system
The Anno Domini dating system was devised in 525 AD (925 BP) by Dionysius Exiguus to enumerate the years in his Easter table. His system was to replace the Diocletian era that had been used in an old Easter table because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. The last year of the old table, Diocletian 247, was immediately followed by the first year of his table, AD 532. When he devised his table, Julian calendar years were identified by naming the consuls who held office that year—he himself stated that the "present year" was "the consulship of Probus Junior", which was 525 years "since the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ". Thus Dionysius implied that Jesus' Incarnation occurred 525 years earlier, without stating the specific year during which his birth or conception occurred. [2]

Etymology
See main: BP article (for full etymology)
The BP/PE dating system was conceived in 2012 by American electrochemical engineer Libb Thims. [1] On 15 Apr 2013, the BP/PE dating system began to be introduced online into a few Hmolpedia articles, namely: Empedocles, Isaac Newton, Johann Goethe, Libb Thims, Jurgen Mimkes, and Napoleon Bonaparte.

Quotes
The following are relevant quotes:

“In the era BC (before cybernetics) it [Elements of Physical Biology] was an important source of education and encouragement for few souls who had gleam in their eyes about the prospective mathematization of the social sciences. It had a substantial influence on Henry Schultz and Paul Samuelson, and, I am sure, many others besides myself. As a matter of fact, most of the ideas of [Norbert] Wiener emphasizes—for example, the relation of entropy to organizational behavior—can be found in Lotka, and I have felt some annoyance at the lack of recognition of the latter’s contributions.”
— Herbert Simon (c.1990) (Ѻ)

“Since, we are looking at the history of God from the Jewish and Muslim as well as the Christian perspective, the terms ‘BC’ and ‘AD’, which are conventionally used in the West, are not appropriate.”
— Karen Armstrong (1993) (542 PE), A History of God [9]

References
1. (a) Thims, Libb. (2011). Purpose? (in a Godless universe). (94-pg manuscript) (unfinished); Online as 105-page unfinished manuscript (14 Apr 2013) (§1: Dating system, pgs. 1-4). IoHT publications.
(b) Anno Domini – Wikipedia.
2. Gleick, James. (2003). Isaac Newton (pg.112). Vintage Books.
3. Thims, Libb. (2011). Purpose? (in a Godless universe). (94-pg manuscript) (unfinished); Online as 105-page unfinished manuscript (14 Apr 2013) (§1: Dating system, pgs. 1-4). IoHT publications.
4. Gourgard, Gaspard. (1904). The Talks of Napoleon at St. Helena with General Baron Gourgaud: together with the Journal Kept by Gourgard on Their Journey from Waterloo to St. Helena (translated, and with notes, by Elizabeth Wormeley Latimer, author of France in the Nineteenth Century) (ch. 17: Religion, pgs. 270-81). A.C. McClurg & Co.
5. Larson, Edward J. and Witham, Larry. (1998). “Leading Scientists Still Reject God”, Nature, 394:313, Jul 23.
6. Mimkes, Jürgen. (2000). “Society as a many-particle System” (abs), Journal Thermal Analysis, 60(3):1055-69.
7. Thims, Libb. (2013). “A Guidemap to Human Chemical Thermodynamics: Goethe's Elective Affinities to Human Free Energies” (abs) (cover) (main), Lecture to mechanical engineering thermodynamics students (professor: Milivoje Kostic), Northern Illinois University (NIU), Apr 16.
8. Anno Domini – Wikipedia.
9. Armstrong, Karen. (1993). A History of God (Introduction, note pg. xxiii). Ballantine Books.
10. (a) Greenblatt, Stephen. (2011). The Swerve: How the Renaissance Began (abs). Random House.
(b) The Swerve: How the World Became Modern – Wikipedia.
11. Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini – Wikipedia.

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