Partington 50

A Short History of Chemistry (1937)
The Partington ranking, of the top 50 chemists, based on citation dominance, derives from English chemistry historian James Partington’s 1937 A Short History of Chemistry, the go to quick-reference book in the history of chemistry. [1]
In genius rankings, Partington 50 refers to the ranking of the top fifty chemists, in the history of chemistry, according to citation dominance in English chemistry historian and chemical thermodynamicist James Partington’s 1937 A Short History of Chemistry, based on “name index” page citation count, the top fifty of which are listed below, a treatise which itself is a condensed version of his three-volume A History of Chemistry. [1]

Top 50
The following are the top 50 chemists according to Partington citation ranking:

1. Jacob Berzelius (52)
2. Justus Liebig (39)
3. Jean Dumas (38)
4. Robert Boyle (30)
5. Antoine Lavoisier (26)
6. August Kekule (22)
7. Joseph Priestley (23)
8. Henry Cavendish (21)
9. Carl Scheele (20)
10. Claude Berthollet (19)
11. Humphry Davy (17)
12. Joseph Gay-Lussac
13. Joseph Black (16)
14. Johann Helmont (16)
15. Friedrich Wohler (16)
16. Edward Frankland (15)
17. Hermann Kolbe (15)
18. John Dalton (14)
19. August Laurent (13)
20. Thomas Thomson (13)
21. Robert Bunsen (12)
22. August Hofmann (12)
23. Robert Hooke (12)
24. Michael Faraday (11)
25. John Mayow (11)
26. Lothar Meyer (10)
27. Amedeo Avogadro (10)
28. Richard Kirwan (10)
29. Adolf Baeyer (10)
30. Georg Stahl (9)
31. Torbern Bergman (9)
32. Aristotle (9)
33. Fourcroy (9)
34. Hales (8)
35. Gmelin (8)
36. Avicenna (7)
37. Herman Boerhaave (7)
38. Werner (7)
39. Paracelsus (7)
40. Albertus Magnus (6)
41. Guyton Morveau (6)
42. Graham (6)
43. Johann Becher (6)
44. Isaac Newton (6)
45. Wilhelm Ostwald (6)
46. Cannizzaro (6)
47. Ernest Rutherford (6)
48. J.B. Richter (6)
49. Louis Pasteur (6)
50. Marcellin Berthelot (5)

These are followed by others, including: Willard Gibbs (3), Geber (2), Johann Goethe (1), among others in the near 1-4 page range.

Overview
The most renowned of all chemistry historians is English chemist James Partington (JP), noted for his four-volume treatise The History of Chemistry, totaling about 3,600-pages of information. This opus was condensed into 1937 A Short History of Chemistry, which was revised and enlarged in 1957 to 415-pages in length. [3] This is the standard go-to quick reference for historians of chemistry. Over the years, Partington collected a considerable library of works, over 1500 books or items on the history of alchemy and chemistry which are preserved in the John Rylands Library in Manchester. The number of pages to which any given chemist is referenced in Partington's Short History, gives what is called a Partington rank as to the dominance of the influence of that individual in the historical development of chemistry.

References
1. Partington, James R. (1938). A Short History of Chemistry. MacMillan and Co, 1960.

TDics icon ns

More pages