Petre Trisca

photo neededIn hmolscience, Petre C. Trisca (c.1890-c.1956), or Peter Trisca, was a Romanian-born French social concerns scholar, “excessively prolific medical scribbler” (Ѻ), and hmolscience detractor, noted for his 1922 Preliminaries on Social Mechanics, wherein he argues vehemently against social mechanics.

In 1922, Trisca published his Preliminaries on Social Mechanics: Analysis of Works, in which he engages “an almost pathologically savage attack” on the mechanistic school, the social mechanics of Spiru Haret and Antonio Portuendo in particular. The following is Trisca's opening paragraph:

“In 1900, Alessandro Grappali wrote: ‘It has been more than fifty years since Auguste Comte gave birth to his young discipline [social physics]: the baptism of life by clearly defining the methods, but the task and the fuel, have not been able to change the state of crisis that inevitably beset any discipline in its infancy.’ These lines could also be written now. Probably Durkheim with his Rules of Sociological Method said the way, the only real way of scientific sociology. But the inevitable mistakes that Groppali reported, have not disappeared, especially as Durkheim has left for the moment no one after him to continue his work. Mr. combat Bouglé Professor those mistakes which even their authors return. Witness Mr. René Worms whose Sociology, reduced to fair value the organicist theories. But there is a more ‘pure’ design, more ‘scientific’, so-called sociology, which has long been adeptness, which gave her the safest works between 1896 and 1914. It is more false and more dangerous; we want to talk about the mechanistic conception of social science. Comte especially Quetelet and Spencer also have their responsibility for this design. These are especially Mr. Haret, Lester Ward, Winiarski, and A.-P. Barcelo, who developed the mechanistic conception.”

The use of "dangerous" here, the Rossini debate coming to mind, would seem to imply that Trisca was opposing social mechanics for underlying religious reasons.

Trisca, later, summarizes his aim as follows: [1]

“We have no illusions, we know that our detailed study will simply highlight more strongly the conclusion that the social mechanism is a utopia, a metaphysics, and we need more than ever think about the strong words of Durkheim, ‘what our rule claim is that the sociologist in entering the social world is aware that it enters the unknown: he must feel in the presence of facts which the laws are also unexpected that could be those of the life, when biology was not made’.”

Although a large part Trisca's book is devoted to a summary of the social mechanics works of Lester Ward, Spiru Haret, Leon Winiarski, and Antonio Portuendo, among others, in what seems to be a discourse on the views of the mechanistic school of social thermodynamics, it's overall aim is to debunk or disprove the views of this school of logic. [2] Trisca has been summarized as a “critic of social mechanics” and his discussion of social mechanics has been described as “an almost pathologically savage attack on Haret.” [3]

Trisca defined the social mechanics, or what he calls the mechanistic conception of social science, as the consideration of the elements and social groups as point systems and equipment subject to forces, social forces, in our cases, which result from balances and movements that can be studied according to the laws, methods, and principles of rational mechanics. [1]

Trisca outlining the use of the principle of d’Alembert in both the works of Winiarski and Haret.


In 1922, Trisca was labeling himself as: docteur en droit (doctor of laws), docteur es lettres (doctor of letters).

See also
Pitirim Sorokin

1. Trisca, Petre. (1922). Prolégomènes à Mécanique Sociale: Étude sur la Mécanique Sociale: Analyse des Ouvrages Ayant le meme Titre (Introduction to Social Mechanics: Study of Social Mechanics: Analysis of Works of the Same Title) (thermodynamique, pgs. 95, 145, 152; entropie, pgs. 95, 151-52). Libraire Felix Alcan.
2. Voegelin, Eric. (1924). “Review: Prolégomènes à Mécanique Sociale”, published in Archive fur Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik 51: 540-541; in English: Selected Book Reviews (pgs. 14-15), by Eric Voegelin (1901-1985), Volume 13 of The Collected Works of Eric Voegelin. University of Missouri Press.
3. Barnes, Harry E. and Becker, Howard. (1938). Social Thought from Lore to Science (Petre Trisca, pg. 1093, xxxix, xlii). D.C. Heath and Co.

External links
Trișcă, Petre – WorldCat Identities.
Prolégomènes (French → English) – Wikionary.
Prolégomènes (French → English) – Wikipedia.

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