|A walking molecule physicochemical will comparison, left: the walking two-legged kinesin molecule, a motor protein with a molecular weight (Ѻ) of 380,000, which moves along tubules carrying cargo powered by ATP, like trains moving along railway tracks powered by coal; right: a human pushing a large rock up a hill (depictive of the Myth of Sisyphus) powered by physical fuel of foodstuff and mental fuel of desire, reason, or impulse. The question remains: is “will” involved in either scenario. The 2005 to 2010 synthetic walking molecular carrier molecule DTA, of Ludwig Bartels , whose mechanism of powering, walking, and turning, etc., has nearly completely been worked out, would seem to given insight into this so-called “will” problem.|
In 1844, Arthur Schopenhauer, in his second volume of his The World as Will and Representation, cited German chemist Justus Liebig's description of the reaction of damp copper Cu in air containing carbonic acid H2CO3, to argue rather cogently that the: 
“The will of the copper, claimed and preoccupied by the electrical opposition to the iron, leaves unused the opportunity that presents itself for its chemical affinity for oxygen and carbonic acid, behaves exactly as the will does in a person who abstains from an action to which he would otherwise feel moved, in order to perform another to which he is urged by a stronger motive.”(add discussion)
In 1932, Albert Einstein, amid the Einstein-Murphy dialogue, gave the following responses to suppositions of organic will: 
“Murphy: I have been collaborating with our friend, Planck, on a book which deals principally with the problem of causation and the freedom of the human will.
Einstein: Honestly, I cannot understand what people mean when they talk about the freedom of the human will. I have a feeling, for instance, that I will do something or other; but what relation this has with freedom I cannot understand at all. I feel that I will light up my pipe and I do it; but how can I connect this up with the idea of freedom? What is behind the act of willing to light the pipe? Another act of willing? Schopenhauer once said: Man can do what he wills, but cannot will what he wills.
Murphy: But it is now the fashion in physical science to attribute something like free will even to the routine processes of organic nature.
Einstein: That nonsense is not merely nonsense. It is objectionable nonsense.”
|An image of Ludwig Bartels 2010 four-legged walking synthetic nanohorse (Ѻ); which begs the question: does the principle of “will” hold when scaled down the great chain of being to the nano-movement range of powered animation?|
The following is a 2010 abstract of Ludwig Bartels work on two-legged and four-legged walking molecules; albeit he doesn't speculate on will: (Ѻ)(Ѻ)
“Molecular machines can be found everywhere in nature, for example, transporting proteins through cells and aiding metabolism. To develop artificial molecular machines, scientists need to understand the rules that govern mechanics at the molecular or nanometer scale (a nanometer is a billionth of a meter). To address this challenge, a research team at the University of California, Riverside studied a class of molecular machines that 'walk' across a flat metal surface. They considered both bipedal machines that walk on two 'legs' and quadrupedal ones that walk on four. "We made a horse-like structure with four 'hooves' to study how molecular machinery can organize the motion of multiple parts," said Ludwig Bartels, a professor of chemistry, whose lab led the research. "A couple of years ago, we discovered how we can transport carbon dioxide molecules along a straight line across a surface using a molecular machine with two 'feet' that moved one step at a time. For the new research, we wanted to create a species that can carry more cargo - which means it would need more legs. But if a species has more than two legs, how will it organize their motion?" Study results appeared online last week in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, and will appear in print in an upcoming issue of the journal.”
|The ABC model of the mechanism of the light-induced movement ("straightening") of the three-element retinal molecule, C20H20O according to which the anthropomorphic model of "will" and "choice" become reduced to pure step-by-step physics and chemistry; a simple basic model which which to expand on to better understand theories of "will" and induced movement in humans, which is a CHNOPS+20 type of animate molecule.|
The following are related quotes:
“The will is free. Free in what sense? It is free to act according to its nature. This, in fact is true of all realities. Take steel. Steel is free to act as steel, and nothing in existence can make steel act otherwise than steel should act.”— Harry Waton (1932), The Philosophy of Spinoza 
● ABC model
1. (a) Schopenhauer, Arthur. (1818). The World as Will and Representation, Volume I (Elective Affinity, pgs. 110, 122, 148), trans. E.F.J. Payne. Dover, 1966.
(b) Schopenhauer, Arthur. (1844). The World as Will and Representation, Volume II (Goethe, 41+ pgs; Elective Affinity, pgs. 174, 297-98, 386, 396; inorganic will, pg. 297), trans. E.F.J. Payne. Dover, 1969.
2. (a) Zucker, Morris. (1945). The Philosophy of American History: The Historical Field Theory (clouds, pg. 7; no duality, pg. 531). Arnold-Howard Publishing Co.
(b) Planck, Max. (1933). Where is Science Going? (pg. 201). Allen & Unwin.
(c) James Vincent Murphy – Wikipedia.
3. (a) Waton, Harry. (1931). The Kabbalah and Spinoza’s Philosophy as a Basis for and Idea of Universal History, Volume One: The Philosophy of the Kabbalah. Spinoza Institute of America.
(b) Waton, Harry. (1932). The Kabbalah and Spinoza’s Philosophy as a Basis for and Idea of Universal History, Volume Two: The Philosophy of the Spinoza (pg. 266). Spinoza Institute of America.
(c) Zucker, Morris. (1945). The Philosophy of American History: The Historical Field Theory (pg. 535). Arnold-Howard Publishing Co.