Plotinus

PlotinusIn existographies, Plotinus (205-270 ACM) (IQ:170|#352) (Cattell 1000:773) [RGM:500|1,500+] (Stokes 100:18) (Murray 4000:19|WP) (GPhE:#) (CR:30) was a Greek-Egyptian born Italian anti-atomicist philosopher, eponym of terms such as “Plotinian” (Ѻ) ideas, characterized a "non-Christian" (Copleston, 1948), founder of the neoplatonic school, noted for his circa 265 collected works set Enneads, wherein he attempts to grapple with phenomena such as "passions" and concepts such as "soul" in terms of atomic theory, something rarely seen in modern time. [4]

Influence
Plotinus, according to Tom Harpur (2004), who he defines as a “pagan philosopher”, was the person from whom Augustine (354-430) learned the idea of “trinity”. [3]

Enneads
In Enneads 2.1, Plotinus, as cited by Victor Stenger (2013), asks: [2]

“What motion of atoms can one attribute to the actions and passions of the soul? . . . What movements of atoms stir the thought of the geometer, the arithmetician, or the astronomer? What movements are the source of wisdom?”

In Enneads 4.4, he asks: [2]

“It is impossible for the association of material bodies to produce life and for things devoid of intelligence to engender intelligence. . . . For there would be no composite bodies and not even simple bodies in the reality of the world, were it not for the pervasive soul of the universe.”

In the following, Plotinus talks about affinities:

“We have learned, further, something of our human standing; we know that we too accomplish within the all a work not confined to the activity and receptivity of body in relation to body; we know that we bring to it that nature of ours, linked as we are by affinities within us towards the answering affinities outside us; becoming by our soul and the conditions of our kind this linked—or, better, being linked by nature—with our next highest in the celestial or demonic realm, and thence onwards with those above the celestials, we cannot fail to manifest our quality.”
— Plotinus (c.260), Enneads 4.4 (Ѻ)(Ѻ)

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Measure of the fish
Plotinus, at some point, supposedly, commented on the "measure of the fish", arguing something along the lines of that it was a measure of the "world soul". [7]

Quotes | On
The following are quotes by Plotinus:

“Whoever will take the trouble to read the works of Plato and his disciples, such as Proclus, Jamblicus, Plotinus, etc., will find in them almost all the doctrines and metaphysical subtilties of the Christian teleology. Moreover, they will find the origin of the symbols, the rites, the sacraments, in short, of the theurgy, employed in Christian worship, who, as well in their religious ceremonies as in their doctrines, have done no more than follow, more or less faithfully, the road which had been traced out for them by the priests of paganism. With respect to the ancient philosophy, with the exception of that of Democritus and Epicurus, it was, for the most part, a true theosophy, imagined by the Egyptian and Assyrian priests: Pythagoras and Plato have been no more than theologians, filled with enthusiasm, and perhaps with knavery. At least, we find in them a sacerdotal and mysterious mind, which will always indicate, that they seek to deceive or that they are not willing men should be enlightened. It is in nature, and not in theology, that we must draw up an intelligible and true philosophy.”
Baron d’Holbach (1770), The System of Nature (pg. 220)

“If we are to speak of the ‘key’ to early romanticism, it is to be found in one of the thinkers of antiquity, Plotinus. For his neoplatonic philosopher not only inspired the entire system of Novalis, scattered through innumerable fragments, and many of the ideas of Schelling in his middle period; his arm reached farther: through Novalis and Schelling he exercised an influence, though an indirect one, upon both Schlegels [August Schlegel and Friedrich Schlegel], and without knowledge of this fact many a passage in the ‘Dialogue concerning Poetry’ and the Berlin lectures of August Schlegel remains an enigma.”
— Paul Reiff (1912), “Plotin und die Deutsche Romantik” [6]

Quotes | By
The following are quotes by Plotinus:

Matter is no soul; it is not intellect, is not life, is no ideal principle, no reason principle; it is no limit or bound, for it is mere indetermination; it is not a power, for what does it produce?”
— Plotinus (c.260) (Ѻ)

“Without soul there would be only stark body—clay and water—or rather the blankness of matter, the absence of being, and, as an author says, the ‘excretion of gods’.”
— Plotinus (c.245), Ennead [5]

“Whenever anything reaches its own perfection, we see that it cannot endure to remain in itself, but generates and produces some other thing. Not only beings having the power of choice, but also those which are by nature incapable of choice, and even inanimate things, send forth as much of themselves as they can: thus, fire emits heat and snow cold and drugs act upon other things.”
— Plotinus (c.245), Ennead, Volume Five (pgs. 1, 4); cited by Arthur Lovejoy (1933) in The Great Chain of Being (pg. 64)

“The existence thus produced by or through being, and called life, is a mode of intellectual existence characterized by discursive thought, or that manner of thinking which divides the objects of thought in order to categorize them and make them knowable through the relational process of categorization or 'orderly differentiation'. ”
— Plotinus (c.260) (Ѻ)

“An invisible and unchanging beauty pervades all things.”
— Plotinus (c.260), Publication; cited by Gregory Bateson (1979) in Mind and Nature (pg. 14)

References
1. Human Accomplishment – Wikipedia.
2. Stenger, Victor J. (2013). God and the Atom: from Democritus to the Higgs Boson: the Story of a Triumphant Idea (pgs. 45-46). Prometheus Books.
3. Harpur, Tom. (2004). The Pagan Christ (pg. 28). Thomas Allan Publishers.
4. Russell, Bertrand. (1986). Bertrand Russell on God and Religion (editor: Al Seckel) (Amz) (Frederick Copleston, pg. 136). Prometheus Books.
5. Luckhert, Karl. (1991). Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire: Theological and Philosophical Roots of Christendom in Evolutionary Perspective (pg. 250). SUNY Press.
6. (a) Reiff, Paul. (1912). “Plotin und die Deutsche Romantik”, Euphorion, 19:591, 602-12.
(b) Lovejoy, Arthur. (1933). The Great Chain of Being: a Study of the History of an Idea (pg. 298). Harvard University Press, 1936.
7. Fideler, David. (1993). Jesus Christ, Sun of God: Ancient Cosmology and Early Christianity (Plotinus, pg. 300-01). Publisher.

External links
Plotinus – Wikipedia.
Enneads – Wikipedia.

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