Schott diagrams

In engineering, Schott diagrams are the illustrations of the vacuum and electrostatic experiments undertaken by Otto Guericke, in the 1650s, as published by the efforts of Gaspar Schott, in his 1657 Mechanics of Gas Hydraulics and later in the 1672 Otto Guericke’s New Experiments on the Magdeburg Vacuum Space, generally detailing Guericke’s quest to make an artificial vacuum, so as to publicly disprove Aristotle's, i.e. Parmenides’ 485BC postulate, that vacuums are an impossibility in nature; the diagrams are shown below: [1]


Guericke fig 1 newGuericke beer keg colorGuericke fig 2 and 3 newGuericke test two colorGuericke vacuum pumps (1654) color fGuericke Illustration 6Guericke Illustration 7
Guericke Illustration 8Guericke Illustration 9Guericke two bulbs (color)Guericke Illustration 10Guericke Illustration 11Guericke Illustration 12Guericke weighting colorGuericke hemisphere experiment (Schott, 1664)Guericke weighing deviceGuericke Illustration 13Guericke Illustration 14Guericke Illustration 15Guericke photo 2Guericke Illustration 16Guericke Illustration 17Guericke demonstrating the Madgeburg hemispheresSchott diagram (1672) 15aGuericke photo 3Schott diagram (1672) 15
Seems to be a depiction of Guericke's electrostatic generator?

A depiction of Guericke trying to evacuate the air form a well-caulked beer keg, which introduced him to the sealing problem, i.e. how to make a container air tight. Guericke Beer keg color. (Ѻ) A depiction of Guericke working on the "sealing problem" with his invention of the two hemispheres in place of the beer keg. Guericke test two color. (Ѻ) Guericke vacuum experiments (1654) color. (Ѻ)


Diagram likely depicting Guericke’s success “at emptying glass vessels of their contained air by sucking it out at the mouth of the vessel, plunged under water”, the bucket being the water. [2]
Double bulb color. (Ѻ)


Guericke weighing color. (Ѻ) From Schott (1664). [4] (Ѻ)


Fig. 2: The gas test with the cylinder approximately 1659 (after [7]). [3]
Possibly a depiction of Guericke’s work on the barometer applied to weather prediction? Picture 1: Otto von Guericke (center) with his Magdeburg Halbkugetn. Modern painting according to historical documents in the entrance hall of the Physikalisches Instituu of the Friedrich-Schiller-Universittl Jena. (Taken from Mus. Phys. 15 (1959) No. 9, p. 404.) [3]
Figure 3: Replica of the pump enter Type from the Guericke exhibition in the Lukasklause in Magdeburg. [3]


References
1. (a) Schott, Gaspar. (1657). Mechanical Hydraulic Pneumatics (Mechanics of Gas Hydraulics), Otto Guericke’s work in appendix. Würtzburg.
(b) Guericke, Otto and Schott, Kaspar. (1672). Otto Guericke’s New Experiments on (as they are called) on the Magdeburg vacuum space (Ottonis De Guericke Experimenta Nova (ut vocantur) Magdeburgica de Vacuo Spatio) (15+ diagrams, various pages). Janssonius a Waesberge.
2. Craik, George L. (1831). The Pursuit of Knowledge under Difficulties (pg. 81). C. Knight.
3. Schnneider, Ditmar. (1986). “In the Footsteps of Guericke: The Death of Otto von Guericke 300 Years Ago” (“Auf den Spuren Guerickes: Zum Tod von Otto von Guericke vor 300 Jahren”) (pdf), Phys. Bl., 42:12.
4. Schott, Gaspar. (1664). Technical Curiosities, Volume One (§: Book One: Magdeburg Miracle – Five Magdeburg Pneumatical Experiments Exhibited, pgs. 1-86) (Technica Curiosa, Volume One (§: Liber Primus: Mirabilia Magdeburgica, Five Experimenta Pnevmatica Magdeburgi Exhibita, pgs. 1-)). Publisher.

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