Second law (disordering) evolution (ordering) reconciliations

In evolution thermodynamics, second law (disordering) evolution (ordering) reconciliations are famous one-liner answers, one example being the 1947 local entropy decrease postulate, often found in regurgitated or repeated form, that offer rudimentary attempts to amend the seeming contradictions between the Boltzmann (ideal gas system) interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics as a universal trend towards increasing levels of disorder in a (isolated) system and the Darwin (living system) interpretation of evolution as a universal trend towards increasing levels of order in a (evolving) system; the gist of which tends to be argued as follows:

(a) Evolving systems on earth are “closed”, not isolated, as compared to ideal gas systems.
(b) Entropy decrease (of life forms) or "ordering" is compensated by entropy increase in the surroundings (such as in the sun).
(c) Decrease in “free energy” (combined law) in evolving systems, is the key governing energy quantity of directionality, rather than only entropy tendencies (the second law) alone.
(d) Sunlight (with low entropy) shines on the earth and heat (with high entropy) radiates off, which powers local decreases of entropy (life forms) on earth.

The subject often arises in religious thermodynamics, which, in the mind of scientists, often tends to relegate the debate to the nominal sidelines; the fact, however, that hardened scientists cannot seem to give lasting or satisfying answers leaves the debate open to further speculation as the decades pass.

To give a typical statement of this debate, in a nutshell, according to the 1985, out-of-context, views of American civil engineer Henry Morris:

“The second law of thermodynamics says that everything tends toward disorder, making evolutionary development (ordering) impossible.”

In this statement, Morris, known to many as the father of modern creation science, takes the second law out of context by inserting the word “everything” in place of the term “isolated systems”. In any event, the statement highlights a common puzzling viewpoint for many.

The following are related quotes:

“A living organism … keep[s] it[self] alive … by feed[ing] upon negative entropy (from its environment).”
Erwin Schrödinger (1944) [1]

Life … represent[s] pockets of decreasing entropy in a framework in which the large entropy tends to increase.”
Norbert Wierner (1950) [2]

“Any ordered (living) system in nature has a level of stored energy in its structure that is less than the total energy that has been consumed to create it … the consumed energy, which contributes to the elevation of the entropy (raised level of disorder) in the universe, exceeds the decline in entropy caused by the formation of that ordered structure … as a result, the net amount of entropy remains positive in the universe and in accordance with the law of entropy.”
Robert Kenoun (2006) [3]

1. Schrödinger, Erwin. (1944). What is Life? (ch. 6 “Order, Disorder, and Entropy). pgs. 67-75 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2. Wiener, Norbert. (1950). The Human Use of Human Beings; Cybernetics and Society, (pg. 32). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
3. Kenoun, Robert. (2006). A Proposition to Theory of History and Social Evolution (pg. 50). Trafford Publishing.

● Atkins, Peter. (2007). “Complexity and the Second Law” (Ѻ),
Beyond Belief 2.0 conference.

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