Simmons Scientific 100

The Scientific 100 (Simmons)
American science and medical writer John Simmons' 2000 The Scientific 100, gives an attempted ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present. [1]
In genius rankings, Simmons Scientific 100 is a 2000 ranking of the most influential scientists, past and present according to American science and medical writer John Galbraith Simmons. [1]

List
The list below is from the book The Scientific 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Scientists, Past and Present, Citadel Press (2000), written by American freelance science and medical writer John Galbraith Simmons. [2]

1. Isaac Newton | the Newtonian Revolution
2. Albert Einstein | Twentieth-Century Science
3. Niels Bohr | the Atom
4. Charles Darwin | Evolution
5. Louis Pasteur | the Germ Theory of Disease
6. Sigmund Freud | Psychology of the Unconscious
7. Galileo Galilei | the New Science
8. Antoine Lavoisier | the Revolution in Chemistry
9. Johannes Kepler | Motion of the Planets
10. Nicolaus Copernicus | the Heliocentric Universe
11. Michael Faraday the Classical Field Theory
12. James Maxwell | the Electromagnetic Field
13. Claude Bernard | the Founding of Modern Physiology
14. Franz Boas | Modern Anthropology
15. Werner Heisenberg | Quantum Theory
16. Linus Pauling | Twentieth-Century Chemistry
17. Rudolf Virchow | the Cell Doctrine
18. Erwin Schrodinger | Wave Mechanics
19. Ernest Rutherford | the Structure of the Atom
20. Paul Dirac | Quantum Electrodynamics
21. Andreas Vesalius | the New Anatomy
22. Tycho Brahe | the New Astronomy
23. Comte de Buffon | l'Histoire Naturelle
24. Ludwig Boltzmann | Thermodynamics
25. Max Planck | the Quanta
26. Marie Curie | Radioactivity
27. William Herschel | the Discovery of the Heavens
28. Charles Lyell | Modern Geology
29. Pierre Laplace Newtonian Mechanics
30. Edwin Hubble | the Modern Telescope
31. Joseph Thomson | the Discovery of the Electron
32. Max Born | Quantum Mechanics
33. Francis Crick | Molecular Biology
34. Enrico Fermi | Atomic Physics
35. Leonhard Euler | Eighteenth-Century Mathematics
36. Justus Liebig | Nineteenth-Century Chemistry
37. Arthur Eddington | Modern Astronomy
38. William Harvey | Circulation of the Blood
39. Marcello Malpighi | Microscopic Anatomy
40. Christiaan Huygens | the Wave Theory of Light
41. Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich Gauss) | Mathematical Genius
42. Albrecht Haller | Eighteenth-Century Medicine
43. August Kekule | Chemical Structure
44. Robert Koch | Bacteriology
45. Murray Gell-Mann | the Eightfold Way
46. Emil Fischer | Organic Chemistry
47. Dmitri Mendeleyev | the Periodic Table of Elements
48. Sheldon Glashow | the Discovery of Charm
49. James Watson | the Structure of DNA
50. John Bardeen | Superconductivity
51. John Neumann | the Modern Computer
52. Richard Feynman | Quantum Electrodynamics
53. Alfred Wegener | Continental Drift
54. Stephen Hawking Quantum Cosmology
55. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek | the Simple Microscope
56. Max von Laue | X-ray Crystallography
57. Gustav Kirchhoff | Spectroscopy
58. Hans Bethe | the Energy of the Sun
59. Euclid | the Foundations of Mathematics
60. Gregor Mendel | the Laws of Inheritance
61. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes | Superconductivity
62. Thomas Morgan | the Chromosomal Theory of Heredity
63. Hermann Helmholtz | the Rise of German Science
64. Paul Ehrlich | Chemotherapy
65. Ernst Mayr | Evolutionary Theory
66. Charles Sherrington | Neurophysiology
67. Theodosius Dobzhansky | the Modern Synthesis
68. Max Delbruck | the Bacteriophage
69 Jean Baptiste | Lamarck the Foundations of Biology
70. William Bayliss | Modern Physiology
71. Noam Chomsky | Twentieth-Century Linguistics
72. Frederick Sanger | the Genetic Code
73. Lucretius | Scientific Thinking
74. John Dalton | the Theory of the Atom
75. Louis de Broglie | Wave/Particle Duality
76. Carl Linnaeus | the Binomial Nomenclature
77. Jean Piaget | Child Development
78. George Simpson | the Tempo of Evolution
79. Claude Levi-Strauss | Structural Anthropology
80. Lynn Margulis | Symbiosis Theory
81. Karl Landsteiner | the Blood Groups
82. Konrad Lorenz | Ethology
83. Edward Wilson | Sociobiology
84. Frederick Gowland | Hopkins Vitamins
85. Gertrude Elion | Pharmacology
86. Hans Selye | the Stress Concept
87. Robert Oppenheimer | the Atomic Era
88. Edward Teller | the Bomb
89. Willard Libby | Radioactive Dating
90. Ernst Haeckel | the Biogenetic Principle
91. Jonas Salk | Vaccination
92. Emil Kraepelin | Twentieth-Century Psychiatry
93. Trofim Lysenko | Soviet Genetics
94. Francis Galton | Eugenics
95. Alfred Binet | the I.Q. Test
96. Alfred Kinsey | Human Sexuality
97. Alexander Fleming | Penicillin
98. B. F. Skinner | Behaviorism
99. Wilhelm Wundt | the Founding of Psychology
100. Archimedes | the Beginning of Science

(add discussion)

References
1. (a) Simmons, John G. (2000). The Scientific 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Scientists, Past and Present. Citadel Press.
(b) John Simmons (about) – JGSimmons.com.
2. The Scientific 100 (2010) – Daffodilvarsity.edu.bd.

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