|A generic color coded social power diagram, indicative of some type of social gravity model, i.e. hot center, conception of social power, i.e. as in the thermal word phrase of someone who is a "hot commodity", as in a movie star (or superstar) having a lot of social power.|
The standard definition of power is energy exchanged between a system and its surroundings per unit time: 
This definition originated in a combination of French physicist Sadi Carnot’s 1824 usage of the term “motive power” as the ability of a generic heat engine to lift an amount of mass though a gravitational height per unit time, French physicist Gustave Coriolis' 1829 definition of “work” as the product of a force moving an object through a distance, and Scottish engineer James Watt’s 1782 experimental determination that one average draft horse has the ability, or “horsepower”, to work a pump to the effect of raising 33,000 pounds of water through a height of one foot in one minute. Taken together, power came to be defined as work done per unit time:
or as force moving objects of mass at a certain rate of time:
This last definition gives the most insight into the nature of power in the social domain, such as in attempting to quantify terms such as "star power", "political power", "military power", or "world power", etc., in a modern thermodynamics or physics sense, as in the ability of a person or entity to effect a force F which moves a certain number of people through a distance d of existence per unit time t.
● Grove, Jim. (2011). “A Science of Social Power”, JHT beta, Feb 21.
● Power (philosophy) – Wikipedia.