Textbook controversies

Stand up for science (2013)
Sandra Calderon (2013), dressed as T-Rex, amid the 2010 to 2014 Texas textbook controversy, with her hand in front of a "stand up for science" sign, during a pro-science rally prior to a Texas State Board of Education public hearing on proposed new science textbooks, in Austin, Texas. (Ѻ)
In hmolscience, textbook controversies, or religion vs science textbook or teaching curriculum controversies, explicitly, refers to one of a number of historical controversies that have arisen as a result of collisions between religion and science in newly proposed educational textbooks and curriculum in public schools, elementary through college; often resulting in public enflamement, protest, and sometimes violence, albeit generally tending towards pro-science reform.

The following (Ѻ) is a 19th century depiction of 1791 "separation of church and state", i.e. the first amendment of the US Constitution, namely an illustration of Uncle Sam kicking a preacher, with his prayer and Bible, out of a public school:

Separation of church and state

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The following is a work-in-progress listing of famous textbook controversies:


1.1849 Froude-Sewell book burning English moral philosophy professor, semi-rector, and reverend William Sewell, at Oxford, during one of his moral philosophy classes, famously threw a copy of James Froude’s science-explaining morality advocating book The Nemesis of Faith (1949) into the fire, poking away at it as it burned with much indignation.
Tyndall-Stewart-Tait debateA growing controversy, at the Catholic University of Ireland, over whether or not to teach modern science to university students, resulted in a collision, at the 1874 British Association for the Advancement of Science (BAAS) meeting, between Irish physicist John Tyndall, who was under the view that religion must relinquish all control to science, and Scottish physicists Balfour Stewart a Peter Tait, who were of the view that the two could be integrated so as to explain morality, life, death, and immortality.
3.1925Scopes monkey trail In circa 1920, John Butler, a Tennessee farmer and part-time high school teacher, while in church, heard a sermon about how a young women from his community lost her faith in god by taking after taking a biology course, at a nearby university, where she learned about evolution; five years later, Butler rallied to get the so-named “Butler act” passed, which made it illegal for anyone to teach evolution or any theory that denies divine creation as taught in the Bible; a group banned together to test this act and got a local biology teacher named John Scopes to purposely violate the act so it would go to court; it did, becoming the biggest evolution theory vs god theory public collisions in US history.
4.1974 Kanawha County textbook controversy (Ѻ)
5.1982McLean vs Arkansas
6.1987Edwards vs Aguillard
7.2005Kitzmiller vs Dover Area School Board
Texas textbook controversy In 2010, tensions began to flare when newly proposed changes to Texas history books, asserted, among other things, that the founding fathers were Christians; which, as pointed out, conflicts with is inaccuracy, e.g. Thomas Jefferson was a secular epicurean materialist (Ѻ); that jihad means “the struggle to be a better person”, whereas correctly it means “holy war”; that Moses and Mosaic law be taught; that Moses was the “first American”; that the including passages that suggested the Ten Commandments had an influence on the writing of the US Constitution (Ѻ); among other Judeo-Christian alignments (Ѻ); in 2014, the Texas State Board of Education, supposedly, made a new rule that only experts can serve on textbook review panels. (Ѻ)

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External links
Textbook controversies (categories) – Wikipedia.

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