In existographies, Theodorus (c.340-250BC) (IQ:175|#225) (FA:19) (CR:22), from the Greek theos-, 'gods' + -doron 'a gift', meaning a "gift from the gods", was a Greco-Alexandrian philosopher, aka "Theodorus the atheist", noted for []

Theodorus the atheist, is not to be confused with not to be confused with Theodorus (c.465-400BC), Theodorus of Samos (c.550-500BC), who supposedly studied abroad in Egypt, or Theodorus of Byzantium (c.500-450BC) (ACR:33) (Ѻ).

In c.270BC, Theodorus, supposedly, penned a book entitled Of the Gods, wherein he rejected belief in gods.

Theodorus has been classified, along with Diagoras, as one of the first two “outright atheists”. [3]

Studied the lectures of determinism philosopher Zeno of Citium. [4]

The works of Theodorus were said to be influential to Epicurus; some assert that Epicurus borrowed most of what he wrote from Theodorus.

Quotes | On
The following are noted quotes on Theodorus:

“The Theodoreans derived their name from Theodorus, known as ‘the atheist’, and adopted his doctrines. Theodorus was a man who utterly rejected the current belief in the gods. And I have come across a book of his entitled Of the Gods which is not contemptible. From that book, they say, Epicurus borrowed most of what he wrote on the subject.”
Diogenes Laertius (c.225), Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers [1]

Diagoras and Theodorus flatly deny that there were ever gods at all.”
Michel Montaigne (c.1580) [2]

Theodorus the atheist (fourth/third century BC). Theodorus acquired his nickname because of his professed opposition to the religious beliefs of his time. According to Diogenes Laertius, he studied under Aristippus Metrodidactus (Ѻ) [compare: Aristippus], Misdeeds of Cyrene and Dionysius of Chalcedon, subsequently attracting his own group of followers who became known as the ‘Theodoreans’. He took the view that pleasure and pain were the only important things in life, and that conventional morality should be treated with a degree of flexibility. He regarded himself as a citizen of the world, and lived in a number of different places. This was not always a matter of choice as on more than one occasion he was asked to move on. His flexible approach to morality may have been a contributory factor. He ended his days in Cyrene, even though it had earlier thrown him out. His views on religion may have influenced Epicurus.”
— Trevor Curnow (2006), The Philosophers of the Ancient World: an A-Z Guide [1]

1. Laertius, Diogenes. (c.225BC). Life of Aristippus (“known as the atheist”, pgs. 86; On the Gods, pg. 97), in: Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers (Ѻ), Book 2 (pg. 97) (translator: Robert Hicks). Publisher, 1925.
2. (a) Montaigne, Michel. (1592). The Complete Works (translator: Donald Frame) (Theodorus, 4+ pgs; quote, pg. 465). Everyman’s Library, 2003.
(b) Haught, James A. (1996). 2000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt (§3: Michel de Montaigne, pgs. 29-31). Prometheus.
3. Schodde, Carla. (2013). “Ancient Atheism” (Ѻ),, Jul 10.
4. Anon. (c.1000). “Theodoros”, Suda (Ѻ). Publisher.
5. Curnow, Trevor. (2006). The Philosophers of the Ancient World: an A-Z Guide (pg. 264). Bloomsbury, 2011.

External links
Theodorus the Atheist – Wikipedia.

TDics icon ns

More pages