Thermodynamic bible

Gilbert Lewis
A caricature of American physical chemist Gilbert Lewis as one of the prophets of modern chemical thermodynamics, for the publication of his 1923 thermodynamics textbook, soon known as the "bible" of thermodynamics, for, in the words of chemistry historian Henry Leicester, (a) replacing the word "affinity" by the word "free energy" throughout the English speaking world, and most importantly (b) through the simplification of 700-equation treatise of Willard Gibbs into the following truncated equation: ΔG < 0, which has since come to be called the Lewis inequality for natural processes, an equation which has been found to govern both human nature and chemical nature or as put succinctly by Goethe "there is, after all, only one nature".
In scientific bibles, thermodynamic bible or the "bible of thermodynamics" is a term used several times several different thermodynamics publications in regards to having achieved "Bible" status, in thermodynamics, in the same manner in which Linus Pauling's 1938 The Nature of the Chemical Bond achieved "Bible status" in 20th century chemistry; the dominate epitaph in this manner being American physical chemist Gilbert Lewis' 1923 thermodynamics textbook, which by no coincidence is also the most cited thermodynamics textbook of all time.

Carnot
The following are bible like quotes for Sadi Carnot's On the Motive Power of Fire:

“He was a practical electrician fond of whiskey, a heavy, red-haired brute with irregular teeth. He doubted the existence of a deity but accepted Carnot’s cycle, and he had read Shakespeare and found him weak in chemistry.”
— H.G. Wells (1906), "Lord of the Dynamos" (ΡΊ); in: The Door in the Wall, and Other Stories

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Lewis
In the decades to follow the publication of American physicists Gilbert Lewis and Merle Randall's 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances, it achieved "Bible status" among thermodynamicists and residual thermodynamicists. The following, to exemplify, is a 1962 reference to Lewis' textbook having achieved "Bible" status: [1]

“[Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances] also a thermodynamic bible for many of Lewis’ students and for some of us.”

The following is a 1983 reference: [2]

“[Lewis' Thermodynamics] soon became the ‘bible’ in the field for chemistry students.”

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Ostwald
German physical chemist Wilhelm Ostwald's circa 1900-1910 energetics work is also referred to as the bible, not owing to the fact that it replaced the concept of 'god' with the concept of 'energy'. The following is the quote: [2]

“On the shelves there was also to be found, naturally, Ostwald’s Energetics, that sort of thermodynamic bible in which god is replaced by a lay entity called energy.”
Ernesto Sabato (1981), On Heroes and Tombs (pg. 256)

The term "Ostwald's Energetics", here, to note, may be referring to his 1909 Energetic Bases of Cultural Studies, although it could mean his entire "energetics program" which spans a number of publications.

Gibbs
American engineer Willard Gibbs' 1902 Elementary Principles in Statistical Mechanics, which is a mix of thermodynamics applied to William Hamilton's equations of motion, has been called the "bible of statistical physics", based on the fact that it put statistical mechanics on a new and more general basis; the following are examples:

Gibbs’ monograph on the principles of statistical physics is still the ‘bible’ of statistical physics.”
Werner Ebeling (2005), Statistical Thermodynamics and Stochastic Theory of Nonequilibrium Systems (pg. 6)

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See also
● Principia of thermodynamics
● Gunter Grass
● Scientific bibles

References
1. Author. (1962). “article”, Journal of the American Chemical Society (quote: ‘it was also a thermodynamic bible for many of Lewis’ students and for some of us’, pg. 3792), Vol. 84.
2. Devine, Elizabeth. (1983). Thinkers in the Twentieth Century (quote: ‘it soon became the “bible” in the field for chemistry students’, pg. 333). MacMillan.
3. Sabato, Ernesto R. (1981). On Heroes and Tombs (quote: ‘On the shelves there was also to be found, naturally, Ostwald’s Energetics, that sort of thermodynamic bible in which God is replaced by a lay entity called energy’, pg. 256). Godine.

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