Thomas Willis

Thomas WillisIn existographies, Thomas Willis (1621-1675) (IQ:#|#) was an English physician and philosopher, noted for []

Overview
In 1664, Willis published Anatomy of the Brain (Cerebri anatome), illustrated by Christopher Wren, wherein the word “neurology” was coined.

In 1672, Willis, in his Two Discourses Concerning the Soul of Brutes, starting with the Lucretius and Pierre Gassendi, outlined a theory of a corporeal fiery soul extended throughout the bodies of animals and humans, while simultaneous insisting on the existence of a second higher rational soul in humans. [1]

Hooke
Willis was a teacher of Robert Hooke and his patron at Christ Church; Hooke, supposedly, had read his Anatomy of the Brain (1664), along with Rene Descartes' L'Homme (1633), prior to giving his 1682 "Memory, Association, and Time Perception" lecture on the subject of the soul. [3]

Quotes | Employed
The following are quotes employed by Willis:

“Who can easily comprehend that small thing … within the body of an elephant … that it should be able to agitate such a bulk, and to cause it to perform a swift and harmonious dance? But indeed, the same fiery nature of the soul, serves within the body by its own mobility, what a little flame of gunpowder does in a cannon: it not only drives the bullet with so much force, but also drives back the whole machine with so great strength.”
Pierre Gassendi (c.1648), Publication; cited by Thomas Willis (c.1660) in “On Convulsive Diseases” [2]

References
1. (a) Willis, Thomas. (1672). Two Discourses Concerning the Soul of Brutes (De Anima Brutorum). Publisher.
(b) La Mettrie, Julien. (1751). Machine Man and Other Writings: Treatise on the Soul, Man as Plant, The System of Epicurus, Anti-Seneca or the Sovereign Good, Preliminary Discourse (translator and editor: Ann Thomson) (Lunatic, pg. xi). Cambridge University Press, 1996.
2. Willis, Thomas. (c.1660). "Of Convulsive Diseases," in Dr. Willis’s Practice of Physick (op. cit., p. 2). Publisher.
3. (a) Hooke, Robert. (1682). "Memory, Association, and Time Perception (aka Lecture on the Soul)", Royal Society of London, Jun 21; given again on Jun 28 (by request); first-published in 1705 in Posthumous works.
(b) Singer, B.R. (1976). “Robert Hooke on Memory, Association, and Time Perception” (pdf) (JSTOR), Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London, 31(1):115-131, Jul.
(b) Inwood, Stephen. (2003). The Man Who Knew Too Much: the Strange and Inventive Life of Robert Hooke 1653-1703 (pgs. 328-31). Pan MacMillan.

References
‚óŹ Thomas Willis – Wikipedia.

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