Top 1000 geniuses: 501-600

In genius rankings, top 1000 geniuses refers to the greatest five-hundred geniuses of all time ranked by IQ or “relative brightness or intellect” (Cox, 1926); below are the fifth tier greatest geniuses of all time, numbers 501 to 600.

Geniuses | 501-600
The following are the geniuses "501 to 600" of the top 1000 geniuses (previous: 1-100, 201-300, 301-400, 401-500, next: 601-700, 702-800, 801-900, 901-1000): [N1]


Geniuses 501 to 600


--------------------------------------

165

501
Marquis de Sade 75Marquis de Sade
(1740-1814)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:685|1,500+] (Murray 4000:N/A) (Gottlieb 1000:N/A) (FA:91) French Epicurean philosopher, revolutionary politician, nobleman;

“Sade's atheism was heavily influenced by the work of two materialist philosophers of the Enlightenment: La Mettrie's Man Machine (1748) and Baron d'Holbach's The System of Nature (1770).”
— John Phillips (2015), How to Read Sade (pg. #)

noted for his 1795 Philosophy in the Bedroom, wherein he outlines his natural order based libertine sexuality, i.e. Sadism; first draft slating: 165|#410 (Jan 2018).
165

502
Tycho Brahe 75Tycho Brahe
(1546-1601) ↑

Brahe model[RGM:78|1,500+] (Murray 4000:7|A) (Gottlieb 1000:202) (Simmons 100:22) (CR:6) Danish astronomer;

“For those [observations] that I made in Leipzig in my youth and up to my 21st year, I usually call childish and of doubtful value. Those that I took later until my 28th year [i.e., until 1574] I call juvenile and fairly serviceable. The third group, however, which I made at Uraniborg during approximately the last 21 years with the greatest care and with very accurate instruments at a more mature age, until I was fifty years of age, those I call the observations of my manhood, completely valid and absolutely certain, and this is my opinion of them.”
— Tycho Brahe (1598), description of instruments and scientific work

built on the Copernican model to make is Brahe model of the world (adjacent); colorful character (Ѻ); gather the data, used by Johannes Kepler, to formulate the laws of planetary motion; first draft slotted at #350 (Jun 2017); upgrade needed [?].
165

503
Isambard Brunel
(1806-1859)
 IQ_B \,=165
165

504
Cleanthes 75Cleanthes
(c.330-230BC)

Greek stoic philosopher, student of Zeno of Citium (see: Greek philosophy), mentor to Chrysippus (279-206BC), noted for developing, with the addition of this "tension" theory of matter, the basic the tenets of so-called "stoic physics"; IQ first-draft gauged at 165|#469 as in the lower-end of the genius neighborhood of: Cicero (106-43BC) (IQ:180|#103), David Hume (1711-1776) (IQ:180|#111), and Zeno of Citium (c.334-c.262BC) (IQ:170|#317) (Jan 2019).
165

505
Sappho
(c.630-570BC)
 IQ_B \,=165
165

506
George Handel 75George Handel
(1685-1759) ↓
 IQ_C \,=170[RGM:N/A|1,310+] (RBCC:9|275+) a great among musical geniuses.
165

507
Ennius 75Ennius
(239-169BC)

Ape and man(Cattell 1000:855) [RGM:N/A|1,330+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Roman epic poet, dramatist, and satirist;

“An ugly brute the ape may be, but how he resembles you and me!”
— Ennius (c.180BC), from a lost satire

noted for his 18 volume Annals, on Roman history; did poetic speculation on the relation between ape and man; oft-cited by Cicero; first-slating: 165|#430 (Mar 2018).
165

508
Pierre Beaumarchais 75Pierre Beaumarchais
(1732-1799)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:325) French polymath; occupations: watchmaker, inventor, playwright, musician, diplomat, spy, publisher, horticulturist, arms dealer, satirist, financier, and revolutionary; in 1778, shortly after the passing of Voltaire, he set out to publish he complete works of Voltaire, and by 1790 had published a 70-volume set, therein preserving many of Voltaire's later works which otherwise might have been lost.
165

509
Theodore Beza
(1519-1605)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:285) French Protestant Christian; disciple of John Calvin; played a role in the reformation.
165

510
Charlotte Bronte 75Charlotte Bronte
(1816-1855)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:721) [RGM:N/A|1,500+] English novelist and poet; at age 7, when asked by her father to name “the best book in the world”, answered “the bible”, and in response to the followup query: “and the next best?” replied “the Book of Nature” (Ѻ); oft-ranked “greatest literary author ever” (next to Ayn Rand) according to 2012 street poll; noted for genius quotes (Ѻ).
165

511
Gilbert Burnet
(1643-1715)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:439) Scottish philosopher and historian.
165

512
Daniel DeFoe
(c.1660-1731)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:278) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] English trader, novelist, journalist, pamphleteer, and spy; author of Robinson Crusoe.
165

513
George Canning
(1770-1827)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:212) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] British statesman and politician.
165

514
Benjamin Disraeli 75Benjamin Disraeli
(1804-1881)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:143) [RGM:482|1,300+] British statesman, prime minister, novelist, and philosopher; quotes: “nature has given us two ears, but only one mouth”; “there are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics” ; “action may not always bring happiness; but there is no happiness without action.”
165

515
Henry Fielding
(1707-1754)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:251) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] English novelist, dramatist, playwright, magistrate; author of Tom Jones (1749) a Guardian (2013) 100 best novel (#5) (Ѻ); founder of London’s first police force.
165

516
Franz Schubert 75Franz Schubert
(1797-1828)

[RGM:132|1,310+] (RBCC:8|275+) Cox 300 (Ѻ) missing genius (Robinson, 2010); 500 geniuses cited (Ѻ) missing candidate (2017); a great among musical geniuses; added at: 165|#390 (2017)
165

517
Giuseppe Verdi 75Giuseppe Verdi
(1813-1901) ↑↑
 IQ_B \,=150[RGM:82|1,310+] (RBCC:16|275+) a great among musical geniuses.
165

518
Joseph Fouche
(1759-1820)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:260) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] French statesman and Napoleon-siding revolutionist.
165

519
Francesco Guicciardini
(1483-1540)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:423) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] Italian historian and statesman; friend and critic of Machiavelli.
165

520
Francois Guizot
(1787-1874)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:59) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] French historian, orator, and statesman.
165

521
Herbert Spencer 75Herbert Spencer
(1820-1903)

(Gottlieb 1000:808) (Becker 139:118) (Scott 50:39) [CR:91] English natural philosopher noted his 1858 to 1862 effort to produce a unified theory of everything, the gist of which is found in his First Principles (1862), wherein he sought to reconcile the subjects of religion, psychology, and sociology, with physics, chemistry, and biology, all themed on premise of evolution, equilibrium, and force transformations; known his Spencerian dilemma; first-slating: 165|#420 (c.2018).
165

522
Warren Hastings
(1732-1818)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:279) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] British statesman and general governor of India.
165

523
Henry Ford 75Henry Ford
(1863-1947)

[RGM:87|1,500+] (Gottlieb 1000:51) American automobile industrialist;

“Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is probably the reason why so few engage in it.”
— Henry Ford (c.1930), Publication (Ѻ)(Ѻ); possibly (Ѻ) a hybrid quote

a top ranked American genius; first-slating: 160|#470 (c.2017); second-slating: 165|#444 (Feb, 2017).
165

524
Ludwig Holberg
(1684-1754)
 IQ_C \,=165(Cattell 1000:695) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] Norwegian writer, essayist, philosopher, historian and playwright.
165

525
Moses Mendelssohn 75Moses Mendelssohn
(1729-1786)

(Cattell 1000:404) [RGM:944|1,330+] German philosopher, aka "modern Plato" (Cox, 1926) or "German Socrates" (Hecht, 2003); at age 13, read Maimonides’s Guide for he Perplexed (1190), a book banned, by the Jewish community, to anyone under 25; as an adult he engaged in German enlightenment debates; grandfather of composer Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) (Ѻ); first-slating: 165|#450 (Apr 2018).
165

526
Felix Mendelssohn 75Felix Mendelssohn
(1809-1847)

[RGM:N/A|1,310+] (RBCC:19|275+) grandson of Moses Mendelssohn; student of Carl Zelter; performed for Goethe at age 12; a great among musical geniuses.
165

527
Lise Meitner 75Lise Meitner
(1878-1968)

(Cropper 30:3/NP) (GFG:13) Austrian-born Swedish physicist; noted for her 1938 solution to the mystery of uranium fission; first female physics professor in Germany; the second women ever to get a PhD; she was dubbed by Einstein “our Marie Curie” or the "German Marie Curie" (Ѻ); in 2012, she was speculatively ranked on the “smartest woman ever” page as #15 with an IQ of 175; first-slated in top 1000 genius rankings at 165|#475 (Nov 2018).
165

528
Photo needed 75Callimachus
(c.470-400BC)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,330+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Greek architect and sculptor; he is noted for having taught the Romans the art of “Greek fire” (da Vinci, c.1500); characterized as: “although not of the first rank of artists, was yet of unparalleled cleverness, so that he was the first to drill holes through stones” (Pausanias, c.160AD); first-slating: 165|#450 (Mar 2018).
165

529
Norman Schwarzkopf 75Norman Schwarzkopf
(1934-2012)
 IQ_O \,=170
 IQ_O \,=150-168
High school valedictorian; MS in mechanical and aerospace engineering; went on to successfully lead all coalition forces during Persian Gulf War (1990-1991).
165

530
Edward Jenner 75Edward Jenner
(1749-1823)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:381) [RGM:509|1,300+] English physician; discoverer of the small pox vaccination, an aim he had set for himself before age 20.
165

531
Samuel Johnson 75Samuel Johnson
(1709-1784)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:46) [RGM:354|1,500+] (Bloom 100:6|Wisdom) (CR:3), aka “Dr. Johnson” (pen name”, was an English poet, playwright, essayist, moralist, literary critic, and biographer; a top 50 geniuses of all time (Waking Times, 2012) (Ѻ); invented and compiled (1755) what many consider to the be the first dictionary.
165

532
John Law
(1671-1729)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:290) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] Scottish economist; believed that money was only a means of exchange that did not constitute wealth in itself and that national wealth depended on trade.
165

533
Giuseppe Mazzini
(1805-1872)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:287) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] Italian politician, journalist, and revolutionist.
165

534
John Newman
(1801-1890)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:723) [RGM:613|1,300+] Anglican priest, poet, and theologian.
165

535
William Robertson
(1721-1793)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:472) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] Scottish historian.
165

536
Charles Sainte-Beuve
(1804-1869)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:378) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] French literary critic.
165

537
Walter Scott 75Walter Scott
(1771-1832)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:27) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Scottish historical novelist, playwright, poet, and historian; author of Ivanhoe (1820).
165

538
Richard Sheridan
(1751-1816)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:361) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Irish satirist, playwright, poet; long-time owner of London Theatre Royal.
165

539
Henri Saint-Simon 75Henri Saint-Simon
(1760-1825) ↑
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:400) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French political, economic, and social theorist; his utopian socialism influenced: John Mill, Pierre Proudhon, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Thorstein Veblen; his secretary was Auguste Comte; some claim he coined the term “social physics” (Sweigewood, 2000).
165

540
Robert Pirsig 75Robert Pirsig
(1928-2017)
 IQ_R \,=170 [RGM:N/A|1,500+] (CR:60) American writer-philosopher, and former child prodigy;

“Patterns of culture do not operate in accordance with the laws of physics. How are you going to prove in terms of the laws of physics that a certain attitude exists within a culture? What is an attitude in terms of the laws of molecular interaction?”
— Robert Pirsig (1991), Lila: an Inquiry into Morals (pg. 53)

noted for his 1991 book Lila: An Inquiry into Morals, wherein the character reflects on the likes of William Sidis, and digs into the questions of life, and morals, in the context of a person being a collection of atoms governed by physics and chemistry, in the context of the second law of thermodynamics; IQ:170 (age 9); ranked in the smartest person existive rankings at 170|#24 (2014); first-slating: 165|#521 (Mar 2019).
165

541
Daniel Webster
(1782-1852)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:183) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American politician, orator, and lawyer.
165

542
Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin
(1840-1917)

Rodin (The Thinker and The Kiss)[RGM:352|1,500+] (Collins 20:8) French sculptor;

“To any artist, worthy of the name, all in nature is beautiful, because his eyes, fearlessly accepting all exterior truth, read there, as in an open book, all the inner truth.”
— Auguste Rodin (c.1900)

Noted for: The Thinker (1902), The Kiss (1882), Monument to Balzac (1898) (Ѻ), and The Gates of Hell (1917); Ruth Butler’s Rodin: the Shape of Genius (1996) recounts the “myths that have grown up around him”; first-slating: 165|#506 (Jan 2019).
165

543
Johann Winckelmann 75Johann Winckelmann
(1717-1768)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:359) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] German art historian and archaeologist; was the first to separate Greek art into periods; influential, supposedly, to Gotthold Lessing, Johann Herder, Goethe, Friedrich Holderlin, Heinrich Heine, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Oswald Spengler; his favorite author was Cicero.
165

544
Ulrich Zwingli 75Ulrich Zwingli
(1484-1531)
 IQ_C \,=165 (Cattell 1000:190) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] after being influenced by the writings of Erasmus, went on to become the leader of the Protestant religious reformation in Switzerland.
165

545
Karl Weber
(1786-1826)
 IQ_C \,=165 German composer; creator of the romantic opera.







165+




160

546
Bede 75Bede
(672-735) ↑

(Cattell 1000:878) [RGM:615|1,500+] (Murray 4000:N/A) (GHE:6) (CR:15) English historian and monk; noted for being one of the first to connect John the Baptist with the Aquarius constellation; recounted the “warm sparrow” anecdote Christianity adoption in England; his Ecclesiastical History of the English People (1731) gained him the epitaph as the “father of English history”; first-slating: 160|#431 (Mar 2018).
160

547
Augustin Cauchy 75Augustin Cauchy
(1789-1857)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:315|1,500+] (Murray 4000:18|M) (GME:19) (Eells 100:15) (CR:10) Maxwell read his Differential Calculus at age 16; G.H. Harding (c.1913) ranked him in the same league as: Gauss (IQ:195), Euler (IQ:195), Newton (IQ:220), Archimedes (IQ:190), and Ramanujan (IQ=?); first-slating: 160|#431 (Feb 2018).
160

548
Jean Foucault 75Jean Foucault
(1819-1868)

Foucault pendulum(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,300+] French physicist;

“You are invited to come to see the earth turn, tomorrow, from three to five, at Meridian Hall of the Paris Observatory.”
— Jean Foucault (1851), Invitation cards which he sent out to the scientists of Paris, to witness his famous pendulum experiment, Feb 3

his 1851 200-foot clockwise swinging pendulum experiment "proved" Copernicus’ 1514 assertion that the earth rotates once on its axis ever 24 hours; also noted for making early measurement of the speed of light, discovered eddy currents, and naming the gyroscope; first-slating: 160|#495 (May 2018).
160

549
Mary Wollstonecraft 75Mary Wollstonecraft
(1759-1797)

(Cattell 1000:851) [RGM:551|1,500+] (Time 100:59) (Stokes 100:75) (GFG:14) English philosopher, wife of William Godwin, mother of Mary Shelley (wife of Percy Shelley); best known for: A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), wherein she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education, that both men and women should be treated as rational beings, and imagines a social order founded on reason; first-slating: 160|#433 (Feb 2018).
160

550
William Godwin 75William Godwin
(1756-1836)

(Cattell 1000:851) [RGM:733|1,320+] (Murray 4000:N/A) English preacher, turned novelist and political philosopher; husband of philosopher Mary Wollstonecraft, father of Mary Shelley (wife of Percy Shelley); first-slating: 160|#434 (Feb 2018).
160

550
Burrhus Skinner 75Burrhus Skinner
(1904-1990)

Skinner box
[RGM:332|1,500+] (Gottlieb 1000:121) (Stokes 100:97) (CR:5) American psychologist;

“I don’t believe that I have a very high IQ; I think I’ve done very well with what I’ve got. There are skills I just don’t have. Fortunately, I got into a field [behaviorism] where I could use the ones I do have — largely practical skills. I don’t think I’m a classical picture of a great thinker, or anything of that sort.”
— Burrhus Skinner (1983), “Conversation with Alfie Kohn”

noted for his 1940s pigeon training experiments, the findings of which he applied to human social behaviorism; first-slating: 160|#550 (Apr 2020).
160

551
Joseph Jacquard 75 newJoseph Jacquard
(1752-1834)

Jacquard loomFrench weaver and merchant; noted for his 1801 invention (Ѻ) of the Jacquard loom, aka "programmable loom", which via the use of threads and punch cards, was able to make woven patterns, automatically without human weavers; this was the forerunner to the Hollerith computer (1889); which was the forerunner to IBM.
160

552
Virginia Woolf 75Virginia Woolf
(1882-1941)

[RGM:192|1,500+] (WorldCat 100:23) (Bloom 100:40) (GFG:15) (FA:112) English writer; while not in the top 20 of western literature, in the Murray 4000, she is noted as being the highest ranked female; first-slating: 160|#515 (Jan 2019).
160

553
Joseph Henry 75Joseph Henry
(1791-1867)

(Gottlieb 1000:605) (SIG:19) (GPE:99) was an American physicist and electrical engineer; noted for his discovery of electromagnetic induction (1832), independent of Faraday (1831); his genius ability was ranked, by Alfred Mayer (1880), as “a little below that of Faraday”; first-slating: 160|#534 (Nov 2019).
160

554
Ada Lovelace 75Ada Lovelace
(1815-1852)

[RGM:434|1,500+] English mathematician, writer, and computer programmer; daughter of George Byron; from an early age, owing to her mother’s idea that education would root out any insanity associated with her father’s side, she was taught mathematics and science from some of the world’s leading scholars, including Mary Somerville; in 1842, wrote the world’s first computer program, an algorithm for calculating a sequence of Bernoulli numbers with Charles Baggage’s analytical engine; possibly [?] an over-sold genius ↓ or overrated genius, per reason that Babbage, supposedly, already had did the programming 6 to 7 years before Lovelace (Ѻ); first-draft gauged at 145-165 (c.2015).
160

555
Christoph Wieland 75Christoph Wieland
(1733-1813)
 IQ_C \,=170 Commented in a letter to German philologist and archeologist Karl Böttiger, which he suggested should be "burned" after it is read, that: “to all rational readers, the use of the chemical theory [in Goethe’s Elective Affinities] is nonsense and childish fooling around”; supposedly, objected owing to the "radicalness of its Christianity" (Jul 16); in another letter, whose addressee, a woman, is unknown, he stated: "I confess to you, my friend, that I have read this truly terrifying work not without feeling or concern."
160

556
Alfred Wegener 75Alfred Wegener
(1880-1930)

Pangea (200 MYA)(Simmons 100:53); conceived (1910) the supercontinent (Pangaea), stated originally by Robert Hooke (1697), and continental drift theory; in 1912 went on expedition to find evidence of fossil plant overlap between fitting continents.
160

557
Dorothy Murdock 75Dorothy Murdock
(1960-2015)

[RGM:N/A|1,320+] American religio-mythologist, with specialty in astrotheology; from 1999 to 2009, her books on Christ myth theory and Moses myth theory, etc., were intellectual staples, in viral films, such as Zeitgeist, in bring about a 21st century awakening on the long latent “Jesus = Osiris-Horus” connection; first-slating: 160|#435 (Feb 2018).
160

558
Ayn Rand 75Ayn Rand
(1905-1982)

[RGM:456|1,500+] (CR:32) Russian-born American “vulgar philosopher” (Solomon, 1981), extreme atheist and activist;

“If devotion to truth is the hallmark of morality, then there is no greater, nobler, more heroic form of devotion than the act of a man who assumes the responsibility of thinking. The alleged short-cut to knowledge, which is faith, is only a short-circuit destroying the mind.”
— Ayn Rand (1957), Atlas Shrugged (Ѻ)

noted for her applied atheism philosophy of objectivism, which argues that because each of us is born into a godless world “alone”, each of us therefore is “justified in pursuing our own self-interests”, much of which is outlined in her 1957 magnum opus Atlas Shrugged; downgrade (↓) for her so-called proof of the existence of free will and possible downgrade for her fierce criticisms of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, and Friedrich Nietzsche (Ѻ); see also: her 1972 “Letter to Boris Spassky” (Ѻ) on Bobby Fischer; first-draft gauged at 140-175 (c.2015).
160

559
Tertullian 75Tertullian
(c.155-240AD)

(Cattell 1000:283) [RGM:N/A|1,350+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Roman Christian apologist;

“Wherefore will ye trouble yourself, seeking after the law of god, whilst ye have that which is common to all the world, and which is written on the tablets of nature.”
— Tertullian (c.220AD)

Cited by Baron d'Holbach (1770); first-slated: 160|#475 (Mar 2018).
160

560
Xenophon 75Xenophon
(c.430-354BC)

(Cattell 1000:223) [RGM:N/A|1,360+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Greek philosopher, historian, soldier, mercenary, and student of Socrates; noted for his 362 book Oeconomicus (Ѻ), on “household management and agriculture", which is the origin of the word economics; first-slating: #475 (Apr 2018).
160

561
Suleyman
(1494-1566)
 IQ_B \,=160(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Turkish sultan; presided over the apex of the Ottoman Empire's economic, military and political power.
160

562
Mahatma Gandhi
(1869-1948)
 IQ_B \,=160(Cattell 1000:#) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Indian independence movement leader.
160

563
Vittorio Alfieri
(1749-1803)
 IQ_C \,=160(Cattell 1000:225) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Italian dramatist and tragedy poet.
160

564
Sandro Botticelli 75Sandro Botticelli
(1445-1510)

Venus and Mars (labeled)(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:160|1,320+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Italian painter; noted for: The Birth of Venus, e.g. as illustrated in the Lucretius article, Sistine Chapel works, etc.; first-slating: 160|#440 (Feb 2018) per crude artistic geniuses rankings.
160

565
Ralph Cudworth 75Ralph Cudworth
(1617-1688)

(Cattell 1000:568) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] (FA:43) English philosopher; His True Intellectual System of the Universe: Wherein All the Reason and Philosophy of Atheism is Confuted, and Its Impossibility Demonstrated, with a Treatise Concerning Eternal and Immutable Morality (1678) attempted to refute the atheism of Pierre Gassendi;

“Those who wish to form an idea of the shackles imposed by theology on the genius of philosophers born under the ‘Christian dispensation’, let them read the metaphysical romances of Leibniz, Descartes, Malebranche, Cudworth, etc., and coolly examine the ingenious but rhapsodically systems entitled: the pre-established harmony of occasional causes; physical pre-motion, etc.”
Denis Diderot (1770), note to Baron d’Holbach’s The System of Nature (pgs. 51-52)

His materialistic hylozoism model, however, later brought the charge of “atheism” to his name (Collins, 1713); first-draft slated at 160|#401 (Dec 2017).
160

566
Woodrow Wilson 75Woodrow Wilson
(1856–1924)
Term: 1913-1921
IQ Simonton c=155[RGM:640|1,305+] Used Darwinian evolution logic as a logic platform in his presidency.
160

567
Gotthold Lessing 75Gotthold Lessing
(1729-1781) ↑↑
 IQ_C \,=160 Goethe (walk of ideas) 2006 s(Cattell 1000:149) [RGM:261|1,500+] (CR:6) German dramatist, critic, and philosopher; in his “Rettung des Hier. Cardanus” (1754), he defended Gerolamo Cardano from the charge of atheism; (Ѻ) approved of by Ludwig Buchner; the fifth book from the bottom of the 2006 sculpture “Walk of Ideas” (right), with Goethe at the base and Grass at the summit.
160

568
Omar Khayyam 75Omar Khayyam
(1048-1131)

[RGM:443|1,500+] (HD:1) (FA:18) (CR:9) Persian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, nonbeliever;

“The Koran! Well, come put me to the test; lovely old book in hideous error drest. Believe me, I can quote the Koran too; the unbeliever knows his Koran best. And do you think that unto such as you, a maggot-minded, starved, fanatic crew, god gave the secret, and denied it me? Well, well, what matters it! Believe that too.”
— Omar Khayyam (c.1120), a statement of disbelief in Islam (Ѻ)

known as a skeptic, whose poetry satirized the claims and practices of religion (Hitchens, 2007); an seeming "Persian Voltaire" so to say; first-gauged: IQ:160 (c.2017).
160

569
Friedrich Schleiermacher
(1768-1834)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:254) [RGM:N/A|1,320+] (Murray 4000:N/A) German theologian, philosopher, and biblical scholar known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant Christianity; noted for work on Anaximander.
160

570
Charles Etienne
(1778-1845)
 IQ_C \,=160
160

571
Peter Tchaikovsky 75Peter Tchaikovsky
(1840-1893)

[RGM:62|1,310+] [GCMG:12]
160

572
Luis Alvarez 75Luis Alvarez
(1911-1988)

asteroid impact extinction theoryAmerican experimental physicist; after winning the 1968 Nobel Prize in physics for "for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis", he went on to become famous for his 1980 "asteroid impact extinction theory", aka “Alvarez hypothesis” (Ѻ), co-developed with his son geologist Walter Alvarez, according to which, based on measurements of iridium in a layer of the earth’s crust, the extinction of the dinosaurs 65-million years ago was caused by an asteroid strike (Ѻ); a FamousScientists.org top 100 scientist (Ѻ); Alvarez is noted among mislabeled geniuses and IQ tests” for having gone on to become a genius despite having failed (Ѻ)(Ѻ) to qualify for Terman’s 1921 IQ study, having had a tested IQ below 135; first-slating: 160|#533 (Feb 2019).
160

573
Sergei Rachmaninov 75Sergei Rachmaninov
(1873-1943)

[RGM:N/A|1,310+] [GCMG:13]
160

574
Hildegard von Bingen 75Hildegard Bingen
(1098-1179) ↑↑

[RGM:209|1,500+] [GMG:14] German Benedictine abbess, writer, composer, philosopher, Christian mystic, visionary, and polymath; a smartest woman ever (Ѻ) (IQ:150+) candidate; first-slating: IQ:160 (c.2015).
160

575
Hector Berloiz 75Hector Berlioz
(1803-1869)

[RGM:N/A|1,310+] [GCMG:15] HMS pioneer; a 2010 “Classical Composer” missing genius to the “Top 500 geniuses: 301-400” range.
160

576
Lancelot Andrewes
(1555-1626)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:436) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English bishop and scholar; friend of Hugo Grotius; general editor of the King James Bible.
160

577
Frederick Douglass 75Frederick Douglass
(1818-1895)

[RGM:276|1,400+] American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman;

“You are not judged by the height you have risen, but from the depth you have climbed.”
— Friedrich Douglass (1881) (Ѻ)

Douglass was beyond all comparison the ablest man whom the black race ever produced in our country, either among pure black or the class of mixed blood.”
— James Pond (1900), Eccentricities of Genius (pg. 29)

An Inderjit Singh (2016) (Ѻ) top 150 genius; Quora gauged (2015) (Ѻ), speculatively, with George Carver, at the possible intellectual level of Newton, given social impediments; first-slated at 160|#520 per greatest black genius rankings.
160

578
Francois Chateaubriand
(1768-1848)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:109) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French writer, politician, diplomat, and historian; founder of French romanticism in literature; influential to Victor Hugo.
160

579
Virgil of Salzburg 75Virgil of Salzburg
(c.700-784)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,350+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Irish abbot; noted for his teaching of the “antipodal” humans theory, namely that the earth was round, had an “antipode” point, as professed by Pythagoras, Aristotle, Eratosthenes, Macrobius, and Bede, and that there were other people at these antipodes; the church condemned him has a heretic and to be burned, per reason that these other antipodal people would not be descendants of Adam and Eve, and therefore not saved by Christ; was an inspiration to Johannes Kepler; ranked as a great scientific martyr, alongside Galileo and Aristotle (Holbach, 1770); first-slating: 160|#490 (Feb 2018).
160

580
John Bunyan 75John Bunyan
(1628-1688)

Bunyan's laughing atheist(Cattell 1000:488) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English writer and Puritan preacher; author of The Pilgrim’s Progress: from this World, to That Which is to Come, one of the first claimed novels in English (Ѻ), about an everyday man named “Christian” who begins his journey with knowledge of original sin from the Bible and travels through places such as the “Slough of Despond”, a boggy mire-like swamp where pilgrims' doubts, fears, temptations, lusts, shames, guilts, and sins of their present condition of being a sinner are used to sink them into the mud of the swamp; along the way is diverted by the secular ethics of Mr. Worldly Wiseman into seeking deliverance from his burden through the law, supposedly with the help of a Mr. Legality and his son Civility in the village of Morality, rather than through Christ, allegorically by way of the Wicket Gate, meets the laughing atheist, etc. (Ѻ)
160

581
Antonio Canova
(1757-1822)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:245) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Italian marble sculptor.
160

582
Francisco Suarez 75Francisco Suarez
(1548-1617)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,320+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Spanish theologian, philosopher, and law scholar; ranked with Duns Scotus (1266-1308), Thomas Aquinas, and William of Ockham, as most important/influential middle ages philosopher-theologians; complete works: 27-volume (Latin); cited by Guericke, Leibniz, Grotius, Pufendorf, Holbach, Schopenhauer, and Heidegger; first-slating: 165|#425 (Mar 2018); down-graded ↓per Guericke’s citation of him discussing astronomy in terms of Peter 5-7 and the “day of judgment” (Jan 2019).
160

583
William Channing
(1780-1842)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:334) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American Unitarian preacher.
160

584
Philip Stanhope 75Philip Stanhope
(1694-1773)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:492) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] British statesman, diplomat, man of letters, and an acclaimed wit of his time; his Letters to His Son on the Art of Becoming a Man of the World and a Gentleman (1774) are characterized as “teaching the morals of a whòre , and the manners of a dancing-master" (Samuel Johnson); quote: “However frivolous a company may be, still, while you are among them, do not show them, by your inattention, that you think them so; but rather take their tone, and conform in some degree to their weakness, instead of manifesting your contempt for them. There is nothing that people bear more impatiently, or forgive less, than contempt; and an injury is much sooner forgotten than an insult. If, therefore, you would rather please than offend, rather be well than ill spoken of, rather be loved than hated; remember to have that constant attention about you which flatters every man's little vanity; and the want of which, by mortifying his pride, never fails to excite his resentment, or at least his ill will.”
160

585
Samuel Clarke 75Samuel Clarke
(1675-1729)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:333) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English philosopher and Anglican clergyman; was a Boyle anti-atheism lecturer for two years.
160

586
Pierre Corneille
(1606-1684)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:120) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French tragedian playwright; ranked with Moliere and Racine.
160

587
William Cowper 75William Cowper
(1731-1800)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:463) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English poet; his “On Friendship” (1783), similar to Empedocles, states that politics between courtiers and patriots is akin to the effervescence that arises when salt and lemon juice are mixed (see: chemistry poetry).
160

588
John Dryden
(1631-1700)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:144) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English playwright, poet, and dramatist; ranked with John Dunne and John Milton in 17th century poetry; ranked with William Shakespeare and Ben Jonson as greatest playwright. (Ѻ)
160

589
Thucydides 75Thucydides
(460-395BC)

(Cattell 1000:72) [RGM:175|1,500+] (FA:14) (GHE:7) (CR:3) Greek historian and general;

“Modern criticism rightly regards Thucydides as the model of the rational and objective historian who made it his first duty to leave the finger of god out of history and to tidy up the mundane events of the human drama. The contrast between his work with respect to the gods and the histories of his predecessor Herodotus and his successor Xenophon is plain; it is a contrast so great, in fact, as to provoke the observation from some (e.g. K. J. Dover) that Thucydides may well have been an atheist.”
— Borimir Jordan (1986), “Religion in Thucydides”

noted for his participation in and later secular recounting of the Peloponnesian War (431-404BC), wherein the Athenians battled the Spartans; considered, by some (Ѻ), to be the father of “scientific history”, i.e. history based on evidence-gathering and analysis of cause and effect.
160

590
Macrobius 75Macrobius
(c.390-430AD)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,360+] (Murray 4000:N/A) Greco-Roman scientist, philosopher, and religio-mythology scholar;

Good laws are produced by bad actions.”
— Macrobius (c.420AD) (Ѻ)

noted for his work on the antipode model of the earth, wherein, supposedly, predicted that when Columbus crossed the “northern quadrant” of his world map, that he would not reach the orient, but would reach a new land, i.e. America (Ѻ); first-slating: 160|#501 (Mar 2018).
160

591
Andre Dupin
(1783-1865)
 IQ_C \,=160(Cattell 1000:479) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French lawyer and politician.
160

592
Jacob Grimm
(1785-1863)
 IQ_C \,=160(Cattell 1000:489) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] German philologist, jurist, and mythologist; with his younger brother Wilhelm he is popularly known as the elder of the Brothers Grimm and the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales.
160

593
George Grote
(1794-1871)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:486) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English political radical and classical historian; author of the 12-volume A History of Greece: from the Earliest Period to the Close of the Generation Contemporary with Alexander the Great (1846–1856) and Analysis of the Influence of Nature.
160

594
Christian Wolf 75Christian Wolff
(1679-1754)

(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,360+] German philosopher and mathematician; characterized a “great genius” (Mettrie, 1747); tends to be ranked, along with Christian Thomasius [RGM:263|1,360+], and Moses Mendelssohn [RGM:944|1,360+], as precursors to Immanuel Kant [RGM:20|1,360+] and German empirical psychology; first-slating: 160|#505 (Apr 2016).
160

595
Joseph Haydn 75Joseph Haydn
(1732-1809)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:300) [RGM:383|1,500+] (Murray 4000:5|WM) (Gottlieb 1000:396) (GMG:26) Austrian composer;

“There was no one near to confuse me, so I was forced to become original.”
— Joseph Haydn (c.1790), Publication (Ѻ)

aka “Joseph Haydn” (Sirius Pops, 2020).
160

596
Christoph Gluck 75Christoph Gluck
(1714-1787) ↑
 IQ_O \,=160
 IQ_C \,=145
(Cattell 1000:285) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] On his opera "Iphigénie en Tauride" (Iphigenia in Tauris) (1779) (Ѻ), a drama is ultimately based on the play Iphigenia in Tauris by the ancient Greek dramatist Euripides which deals with stories concerning the family of Agamemnon in the aftermath of the Trojan War, Friedrich Schiller (IQC 165) (1801) commented, in a letter to his friend Körner, "Never has so pure and lovely a music affected me, it is a world of harmony which presses directly to the soul and dissolves in sweet exalted melancholy." Richard Wagner (IQC 170) called him "the great Gluck". IQ gauged (Ѻ) by LePenseur (Dec 2017) at 160.
160

597
Cornelis Jansen
(1585-1683)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:392) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Dutch Roman-Catholic theologian.
160

598
Alphonse Lamartine
(1790-1869)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:131) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French poet.
160

599
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
(1802-1876)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:893) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] (Murray 4000:N/A) (Scott 50:22) (FA:99) British sociologist; Made of the first calls for a secular children's bible (see: children's atheism bible).
160

600
Michel de L’Hopital
(1505-1573)
 IQ_C \,=160 (Cattell 1000:421) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French statesman, humanist, jurist, lawyer; was called on by Catherine de Médicis to try to establish the peaceful coexistence of Catholics and Protestants; and attempted he, however, failed at.

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Top 1000 geniuses: 1-100 | IQ: 225-180
Top 1000 geniuses: 101-200 | IQ: 180-180
Top 1000 geniuses: 201-300 | IQ: 180-175
Top 1000 geniuses: 301-400 | IQ: 175-170
Top 1000 geniuses: 401-500 | IQ: 170-165
Top 1000 geniuses: 501-600 | IQ: 165-160
Top 1000 geniuses: 601-700 | IQ: 160-150
Top 1000 geniuses: 701-800 | IQ: 150-140
● Top 1000 geniuses: 801-900
● Top 1000 geniuses: 901-1000
Top 1000 geniuses (candidates)

Notes
N1. Note: see "IQ key" page for IQ subscript symbol meaning.

References
1. Terman, Lewis. (1916). The Measurement of Intelligence: an Explanation of and a Complete Guide for he Use of the Stanford Guide for the Use of the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale (classification of intelligence, pg. 79; I.Q., pg. 53, etc.). Houghton Mifflin Co.

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