Top 1000 geniuses: 701-800

In genius rankings, top 1000 geniuses refers to the greatest five-hundred geniuses of all time ranked by IQ or “relative brightness or intellect” (Cox, 1926); below are the sixth tier greatest geniuses of all time, numbers 701 to 800.

Geniuses | 701-800
The following are the geniuses "701 to 800" of the top 1000 geniuses (previous: 1-100, 201-300, 301-400, 401-500, 501-600, previous: 601-700, next: 801-900, 901-1000): [N1]


Geniuses 601 to 700


-----------------------------------------

150

701
William Cobbett
(1763-1835)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:406) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English political writer.
150

702
John Franklin
(1786-1847)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:442) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English naval officer.
150

703
Auguste de Marmont
(1774-1852)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:174) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French marshal.
150

704

Thomas Moore 75Thomas Moore
(1779-1852)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:332) [RGM:436|1,500+] Irish poet; not to be confused with: George Moore (1873-1958) (Stokes 100:80).
150

705
Aesop
(c.620-564BC)

(Cattell 1000:944) Greek moral philosopher; noted for his fabulist storytelling using animal-human figures to convey teachings about ambiguous natures; cited by Herodotus (425BC); Socrates, according to Plato, while under the death sentence, was said to have passed the time by converting Aesop’s fables, from memory, into verse; discussed by Aristotle, Plutarch, etc.; first-draft gauged at IQ:150|#495 (Dec 2017).
150

706
Theodor Schwann 75Theodor Schwann
(1810-1882)

(Murray 4000:8|B) German physiologist and physician; noted for his 1839 demonstration that animal tissues were made of cells, which, together with Matthias Schlieden’s 1838 statement that plant tissues were composed of cells, laid the foundation for “cell theory”; eponym of Schwann cells; discoverer of the digestive enzyme pepsin; coiner of “metabolism”; first-slating: IQ:150|#654 (Jan 2019).
150

707
Bartolome Murillo
(1617-1682)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:386) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Spanish Baroque painter.
150

708
Nicolas Soult
(1769-1851)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:343) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French marshal.
150

709
John Wilkes
(1727-1797)
 IQ_C \,=150(Cattell 1000:401) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English politician, publicist, and political agitator.
150

710
Truman Capote 75Truman Capote
(1924-1984)
IQ SS=185[RGM:663|1,300+] American novelist; author of Breakfast at Tiffany’s; quote: “It’s a scientific fact that if you stay in California, you lose one point off your IQ every year” in: The Portable Curmudgeon (c.1665) (pg. 59) (Ѻ).
150

711
Georges Le Sage 75Georges Le Sage
(1724-1803) ↑↑

Le Sage telegraphInvented (1774) the first electric telegraph consisting of 24 wires, each suitably spaced and insulated by means of glass partitions at frequent intervals, placed in a trough in the ground, according to which each wire represented a certain letter of the alphabet; did a mathematical proof of chemical affinity; wrote on the history of gravity theory.
150

712
Winston Churchill 75Winston Churchill
(1874-1965) ↑

[RGM:136|1,300+] British politician, Prime Minister (1940 to 1945; 1951 to 1955), historian, writer, and artist; missing IQ=200+ candidate (Ѻ); a gifted child who failed sixth grade (see: mislabeled geniuses) (Ѻ).







150+




145

713
Clarence Darrow 75Clarence Darrow
(1857-1938)

Darrow (Scopes Monkey Trial)(CR:13) American lawyer and free thinker;

“The number of people on the borderline of insanity in a big country is simply appalling, and these seem especially addicted to believing themselves, saviors, and prophets. It only takes a slight stimulus to throw them entirely off their balance.”
— Clarence Darrow (1932), The Story of My Life

“With the death of Clarence Darrow in 1938, American public life lost the last well-known secularist crusader who stood squarely in the enlightenment freethought tradition of Thomas Paine and Robert Ingersoll.”
— Susan Jacoby (2004), Freethinkers: a History of American Secularism

Noted as celebrated and sharp agnostic lawyer who defended Darwin against god, in the American school system, in the Scopes Monkey Trial (1925); first-slating: IQ:145|#659 (Jan 2019), loosely gauged as below Paine and Ingersoll.
145

714
Donald Cardwell 75Donald Cardwell
(1919-1998)

(CR:48) English physicist and science historian, an expert in the area of the history of heat theory, history of steam engines, and history of thermodynamics, noted for his From Watt to Clausius, wherein he gives, what seems to be the ONLY cogent summary, at least in the English-speaking world, of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics, as defined by Clausius; first-slating: 145|#714 (Mar 2020).
145

714
Galton (75px)Francis Galton
(
1822-1911)
 IQ_T \,=200[RGM:325|1,260+] His IQ estimate (1916, Terman) was a super over-estimate, based on an age four letter he wrote to his sister, that he could read any English book, multiply, and knew the pence table; quote: “god alone knows how [Terman] estimated Galton’s IQ as 200” (Peter Medawar).
145

715
Magellan 75Ferdinand Magellan
(1480-1521)
 IQ_B \,=145(Cattell 1000:635) [RGM:343|1,310+] Portuguese explorer who organized the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián.
145

716
Arthur Wellesley
(1769-1852)
 IQ_B \,=145(Cattell 1000:717) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman; defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
145

717
Claude Monet 75Claude Monet
(1840-1926)

[RGM:119|1,500+] (Collins 20:7) French impressionist painter; best known for his series of serene water lilies paintings; first-slating: IQ:145|#662 (Jan 2019).
145

718
Jan Zizka 75Jan Zizka
(c.1360-1424)
 IQ_B \,=145(Cattell 1000:N/A) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Czech general; his Battle of Kutna Hora (1421), wherein he defeated the army of the Holy Roman Empire and Hungary, was the first case of recorded use of field artillery (previously, artillery was used only during sieges of towns); one of several commanders in history who never lost a battle (alongside Alexander the Great, Bai Qi, Scipio Africanus, Julius Caesar, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Subutai, Yi Sun-Shin, the Duke of Marlborough, Alexander Suvorov, Fyodor Ushakov, and Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck); his skin, according to his dying wish, was used to make drums so that he might continue to lead his troops even after death.
145

719
Meister Eckhart 75Meister Eckhart
(1260-1327)

[RGM:266|1,500+] German theologian, philosopher, and spiritual mystic;

“Only the hand that erases can write the true thing.”
— Meister Eckhart (c.1310) (Ѻ)

first-slating: 145|#664 (2018).
145

720
Jay Gould 75Jay Gould
(1836-1892)

Ninth richest American in history; see: Dark Genius of Wall Street : the Misunderstood Life of Jay Gould, King of the Robber Barons (2006).
145

721
Giulio Alberoni
(1664-1752)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:148) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Italian cardinal and statesman.
145

722
Hans Andersen 75Hans Andersen
(1805-1875) ↑
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:572) [RGM:287|1,310+] Danish author, playwright, poet; noted for numerous fairytales, including: "The Emperor's New Clothes", "The Little Mermaid", "The Nightingale", "The Snow Queen", "The Ugly Duckling", "Thumbelina", and many others.
145

723
Gebhard Blucher
(1742-1819)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:342) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Prussian field marshal.
145

724
William Garrison 75William Garrison
(1805-1879)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:592) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American journalist and slavery abolition activist.
145

725
William Hogarth
(1697-1764)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:395) [RGM:N/A|1,350+] English painter and engraver.
145

726
Andrew Jackson 75Andrew Jackson
(1767–1845)
 IQ_C \,=145
IQ Simonton c=145
IQ simonton M=126
(Cattell 1000:244) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American politician; 7th American President.
145

727
Poggio Bracciolini 75Poggio Bracciolini
(1380-1459)

(Cattell 1000:694) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Italian papal secretary; his 1417 discovery of LucretiusOn the Nature of Things (55BC) together with Petrarch’s 1385 find of the lost Letters of Cicero (50BC) are said to have initiated the Italian renaissance; first-draft gauged at #515 (Dec, 2017).
145

729
John Churchill
(1650-1722)
 IQ_C \,=145(Cattell 1000:187) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] [GCH:11|300+] British general.
145

730
Mehemet Ali
(1769-1849)
 IQ_C \,=145(Cattell 1000:389) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Ottoman Albanian commander; became founder of modern Egypt.
145

731
Robert Frost 75Robert Frost
(1874-1963)

[RGM:246|1,500+] American poet; quote: “From what I’ve tasted of desire, I hold with those who favor fire”; downgrade ↓ for siding with Henri Bergson, via Werner Heisenberg, against materialism; first slating: 145|#565 (Mar 2018).
145

732
Jean Moreau
(1763-1813)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:329) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French general; helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
145

733
Nicolas Poussin
(1594-1665)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:358) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French-born Italian Baroque painter.
145

734
Willem Klein 75Willem Klein
(1912-1986)

Dutch mathematician; noted as famous "mental calculator"; he worked as a “mental computer” at CERN, from 1958 to 1976, doing mathematical calculations in his head, to double check actual computers (installed in 1958) for accuracy; e.g. in 1976, he calculated the 73rd root of a 500-digit number in 2-min 43-sec, getting him in Guinness Book (Ѻ); an Alex Bickle (Ѻ)(Ѻ) top 500 genius candidate suggestion (Ѻ); first-slating: 145|#608 (2017).
145

735
Joshua Reynolds
(1723-1792)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:440) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English portrait painter.
145

736
Gioachino Rossini
(1792-1868) ↑
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:326) [RGM:220|1,310+] Italian opera composer.
145

737
Hippolyte Taine 75Hippolyte Taine
(1828-1893)

“If measured in his day, Taine would have had a very high IQ” [Bill Wall (2007) “IQ and Chess” (Ѻ)] Belief: “The objective of the historian is to write the psychology of the human molecule, or a particular group of human molecules, in their various transformations"; influential to Henry Adams; first-draft gauged at #520 (Nov 2017).
145

738
William Sherman
(1820-1891)
 IQ_C \,=145 (Cattell 1000:398) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American general.







145+




140

739
Hannah Arendt 75Hannah Arendt
(1906-1975)

[RGM:1,015|1,330+] (HCR:25) (Perry 80:7|Li) German-born American political theorist and philosopher; student of Martin Heidegger, who was deeply influenced by Nietzsche; first-slating: 140|#620 (Mar 2018).
140

740
George Washington 75George Washington
(1789-1797)
 IQ_{CB} \,=140
 IQ_C \,=140
 IQ_B \,=140
 IQ_W \,=135
(Cattell 1000:19) [RGM:50|1400+] [GCH:85|300+] (EPD:F11)
140

741
John Harington 75John Harington
(1560-1612)

Harington toiletEnglish inventor, author, and translator; noted for his c.1595 invention of the “flush toilet”, which he had installed at his house at Kelston, in Somerset, which had a 2-foot-deep oval bowl waterproofed with pitch, resin and wax and fed by water from an upstairs cistern, requiring 7.5 gallons of water, which, when water was scarce, could be used by up to 20 people, before a flush was needed; first-slating: 140|#718 (Oct 2019).
140

742
Dr. Seuss 75Dr. Seuss
(1904-1991)

[RGM:387|1,500+] (GLAE:#) (CR:4) American children’s author, philosopher, and comedian; first-slating: 140|#719 (Nov 2019).
140

743
Walt Disney 75Walt Disney
(1901-1966) ↑
 IQ_B \,=123[RGM:167|1,500+] American child film animator pioneer; an age 23 story-telling genius (Ѻ) par-excellence, e.g. his Fantasia (1940) was inspired by Goethe’s 1797 ballad “The Apprentice Magician” ("Der Zauberlehrling").
140

744
Reginald Hollingdale
(1930-2001)

(CR:55) English translator, existographer (biographer), and philosopher, noted for a number of German to English translations, with discerning commentary, including: Goethe, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Georg Lichtenberg, in which he gives the most accurate and true to original English rendition, in respect to the original meaning, as compared to all other German-to-English translators; he was openly an atheist; he is most-noted for his 1971 translation and introduction of Goethe’s 1809 Elective Affinities; first-slating: IQ:140|#664 (Jan 2019).
140

745
Frank Wright 75Frank Wright
(1867-1959) ↑

[RGM:280|1,310+] American architectural genius; noted for his “falling waters” home; quote: “I believe in god, only I spell it nature”; first-draft gauged at #525 (Dec 2017).
140

746
Martin King 75Martin King
(1929-1968)
 IQ_O \,=140+[RGM:68|1,260+] American civil rights leader;

“I have always been somewhat precocious, both physical and mentally. My IQ stands somewhat above the average. So, it seems that from a hereditary point of view, nature was very kind to me.”
— Martin King (1950), essay on the religious development of personality (penned at age 21)

Generally considered a genius (Ѻ)
140

747
Sylvia Plath 75Sylvia Plath
(1932-1963)
 IQ_O \,=140+[RGM:1,220|1,500+] American poet, novelist, and short-story writer; quote on: “In her last three years of high school, the overachieving Sylvia continued to outclass everyone (IQ test scores ranked her as a genius).”
140

748
Christopher Columbus 75Christopher Columbus
(c.1451-1506)
 IQ_B \,=140(Cattell 1000:24) [RGM:242|1,500+]
140

749
Charlie Chaplin 75Charlie Chaplin
(1889-1977)
 IQ_B \,=140[RGM:324|1,350+] (Murray 4000:N/A) English comic actor, silent filmmaker, and composer.

“In the work of the greatest geniuses, humble beginnings will reveal themselves somewhere, but one cannot trace the slightest sign of them in Shakespeare ... I am not concerned with who wrote the works of Shakespeare ... but I can hardly think it was the Stratford boy. Whoever wrote them had an aristocratic attitude.”
— Charlie Chaplin (c.1950) (Ѻ)
140

750
Jean Bernadotte
(1763-1844)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:311) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] Swedish king.
140

751
Robert Clive
(1725-1774)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:167) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English general and statesman.
140

752
Hernan Cortes
(1485-1547)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:219) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] [GCH:128|300+] Spanish soldier; conqueror of Mexico.
140

753
Giuseppe Garibaldi
(1807-1882)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:234) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] [GCH:157|300+] Italian general, politician, and nationalist.
140

754
Thomas of Kempis 75Thomas of Kempis
(c.1380-1471)

Dutch-German cannon; noted for his The Imitation of Christ, advocating inner existence, over vanity and worldly affairs; supposedly, this was a precursor to the later reformation by Martin Luther influential to Thomas More, and Alfred Rogers; first-slating: IQ:140|#697 (Jan 2019).
140

755
Robert Lee
(1807-1870)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:585) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] American general.
140

756
George Monk
(1608-1670)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:317) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] English general.
140

757
Sebastian Vauban
(1633-1707)
 IQ_C \,=140 (Cattell 1000:411) [RGM:N/A|1,310+] French military engineer and marshal.







140+
-
Candidates
Top 1000 geniuses (candidates)
-
IQ scale
The following is the original 1916 IQ scale developed by Lewis Terman, which fixated the genius or near genius cut-off point at an IQ of 140 or above: [1]

IQ scale (170-140) (Terman, 1916)

Notes
Note: approximately # geniuses [count total: 757] have recently been added, without updating the fully re-numbering the total list (Nov 2019).

Genius (poster)Previous
Top 1000 geniuses: 1-100 | IQ: 225-180
Top 1000 geniuses: 101-200 | IQ: 180-180
Top 1000 geniuses: 201-300 | IQ: 180-175
Top 1000 geniuses: 301-400 | IQ: 175-170
Top 1000 geniuses: 401-500 | IQ: 170-165
Top 1000 geniuses: 501-600 | IQ: 165-160
Top 1000 geniuses: 601-700 | IQ: 160-150
Top 1000 geniuses: 701-800 | IQ: 150-140
● Top 1000 geniuses: 801-900
● Top 1000 geniuses: 901-1000
Top 1000 geniuses (candidates)

Notes
N1. Note: see "IQ key" page for IQ subscript symbol meaning.

References
1. Terman, Lewis. (1916). The Measurement of Intelligence: an Explanation of and a Complete Guide for he Use of the Stanford Guide for the Use of the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale (classification of intelligence, pg. 79; I.Q., pg. 53, etc.). Houghton Mifflin Co.
2. Adams, Susan, et al. (2017). “The 100 Greatest Living Business Minds”, Forbes 100th Anniversary Issue (pg. 116), Dec 18.


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