# What happens when you die?

 Draft cover for possible book by American chemical engineer Libb Thims, explaining death energetically.
In philosophy, what happens when you die? is the greatest philosophical conundrum of modern times; the question in most need of answer. It is the first question, according to many accounts, that absorb the minds of the person starting at age three. [8]

Semantic | Confusions
See main: Life terminology upgrades
There is to note a subtle but profound semantic confusion surrounding the term "die" per reason that a walking, talking, thinking human is in fact a powered atomic thing, and atoms and structures made of two or more atoms do not technically "live" or "die"; some of which is captured below:

“You can’t die if you’re not alive.” | “If you’re not alive, you cannot die.”
Libb Thims (2014), reverberating mental note, as a way to succinctly capture the direct implications of the “life does not exist” purview; triggered into documentation phase, via dialogue in the Jabr thread, 4:51PM CST, Oct 23

This ramifications of this are found in the: "chemicals seem so alive" (Goethe, 1809), "there is no thing endowed with life" (Tesla, 1915), "if we continue to use the word life" (Lotka, 1925), "chemistry and physics do not recognize the word life" (Sherrington, 1938), "let of abandon the world alive" (Crick, 1966), "life doesn't scientifically make sense" (Brooks, 2005), "defunct theory of life" (Thims, 2009) or "life does not exist" (Rogers, 2010) (Jabr, 2013) purviews.

Conundrum | Polls
When asked the question: ‘what is humankind’s present-day greatest philosophical conundrum’, according to 2005 polls, people the top three responses are: [1]

● What happens when you die [27%]
● What is love? [23%]
● What is the meaning of life? [19%]

The subject of death is typically approached as being a transformation process that will abide by the known laws of the universe, namely the first and second law of thermodynamics.

Overview
A scientific answer to the question of death is typically approached using the first law of thermodynamics, such as was outlined in 1997 by Puerto Rican cultural anthropologist Migene Gonzalez-Wippler. [2]

“We want to establish a theory about what happens after we die. In order to do this, we must first provide a foundation for this theory, and this foundation is the first law of thermodynamics. This law states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed.”

This type of theory was first outlined in 1892 by German physician and physicist Hermann Helmholtz. [3] Others to have approached the death question via thermodynamics include: German chemist Wilhelm Ostwald (1906), Engish physical chemist Frederick Soddy (1919), Iranian thermodynamicist Mehdi Bazargan (c. 1950), American engineer Ronald Pearson (1990), and French engineer and biophysical chemist Louis-Marie Vincent (c. 2000). In 1978, in what seems to have been influenced by the writings of Pierre Teilhard, Scottish-born American philosopher Geddes MacGregor outlined some of the difficulties involved in attempts to reconcile theories of soul, immortality, and reincarnation with the second law of thermodynamics. The following is an example quote: [5]

“If whatever is called the soul is to have the importance attributed to it by those who would contend for its immortality, then it must be dynamic par excellence and therefore subject to entropy in an eminent degree.”

One can also find discussions on energy, death and the first law in the context of the Vedic religions, particularly the Bhagavad-Gita, a subject which occupies the mindset of about 13 percent of the world, as speculated on by American author Steven Rosen: [6]

“Modern science recognizes a sort of spark or energy that animates the body, something that distinguishes it from dead matter. Further, the first law of thermodynamics, stating that energy cannot be created or destroyed, gives us reason to pause when thinking about reincarnation—if there is energy in the body, and this energy cannot be created or destroyed, where does it go at the time of death?”

Quantification
In circa 1995, American physician Gerry Nahum, with a background in thermodynamics and information theory, supposedly, worked out a 25-page proposal, entitled "Proposal for Testing the Energetics of Consciousness and its Physical Foundation", to conduct a consciousness-weighing project to quantify the energy of consciousness or rather the “weight of the soul”, at the point of death, estimated to cost \$100,000, using a negative entropy theory. [7]

In 2005, American chemical engineer Libb Thims classified this subject of study by the name cessation thermodynamics, the study of what happens to the entity or moral essence of neurologically functioning person, thermodynamically, when he or she ceases to be, as a branch of philosophical thermodynamics. In short, this subject amounts to a study of the changes or transformations of the internal energy dU (ergal + vis viva) of the energy content of one's residual human chemical bonds (one's bonded social structure), i.e. bond energy, at the point of termination, a transformation process that would be defined by the following approximate expression: [4]

$\oint dU = f \Big\{ \sum_{i=1}^N X_i dY_i \Big\}$

which shows that the circle integration of the change in energy of the structure or movement of a person's life over the boundary of one's activity spheres, in a death cycle, will be quantified by a summation of changes to intensive-extensive conjugate variable pairs, assignable to a before and after system state and connective system structural change.

Quotes
The following are related quotes:

“Old chemists never die; they just reach equilibrium.”
— Anon (c.1995), oft-quoted joke, as found on T-shirts; variant of this joke is: 'old chemists never die; they just fail to react'.

Aaron Freeman

References
1. Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume One) (pgs. 301-02). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
2. Gonzalez-Wippler, Migene. (1997). What Happens After Death: Scientific & Personal Evidence for Survival (thermodynamics, pgs. 5-7, 10). Llewellyn Publishers.
3. Helmholtz, Hermann. (1892). “Goethe’s Presentiments of Coming Scientific Ideas”, Speech held in the General Assembly of the Goethe Society, Weimar in Science and Culture: Popular and Philosophical Essays, (ch. 15, pg. 393-412 [411]), 1995, by Hermann von Helmholtz, David Cahan.
4.
Thims, Libb. (2007). Human Chemistry (Volume Two) (cessation thermodynamics, pgs. 693-99). Morrisville, NC: LuLu.
5. MacGregor, Geddes. (1978). Reincarnation in Christianity: a New Vision of the Role of Rebirth in (entropy, pgs. 82-84, 86, 120, 132, 168, 188). Quest Books.
6. Rosen, Steven J. (2002). Gita on the Green: The Mystical Tradition Behind Bagger Vance (thermodynamics, pg. 72). Continuum International Publishing Group.
7. Roach, Mary. (2006). “What Happens After You Die?”, New Scientist, Nov. 18.
8. Thims, Libb. (2016). Smart Atheism: For Kids (pdf | 309-pgs). Publisher.