Biological energy

In terminology, biological energy in an obsolete (see: bio-), albeit still used colloquially, term for energy associated with the physiology, reactions, processes, and or interactions of powered CHNOPS+ organisms.

In the early 20th century, thinkers such as Polish economist Leon Winiarsky and American physical chemist Alfred Lotka, among others, where theorizing about "biological energy".

In psychology, Austrian-born American Wilhelm Reich’s theory of orgone energy is sometimes referred to as a radiating “biological energy”, a sort of theoretical spin-off of psychic energy. [2]

In 1973, Albert Lehninger, in his Bioenergetics, discussed biological energy in terms of the Gibbs free energy involved in the driving of biological processes and reactions. [1]

1. Lehninger, Albert L. (1973). Bioenergetics: the Molecular Basis of Biological Energy Transformations (2nd ed.). London: The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co.
2. Reich, Wilhelm. (1973). The Function of the Orgasm: Sex-Economic Problems of Biological Energy. MacMillan.

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