In science, biosphere is a defunct neoplasm (see: defunct theory of life), referring, originally, to the geosphere comprised of "living matter"; now correctly meaning the sphere of powered CHNOPS+ matter.

In 1928, Russian geochemist Alexander Fersman, associate of Vladimir Vernadsky, published the following spheres of the earth table, as cited by Alexander Oparin (1936), recursively depicting the "biosphere" as comprised of the minerals of "living matter", without any chemical characteristics listed: [1]

Geospheres (a)
Geospheres (b)

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1. (a) Fersman, Alexander E. (1928). Geochemistry (Russian). Publisher, 1934.
(b) Alexander Fersman – Wikipedia.
(b) Oparin, Alexander. (1936). The Origin of Life (introduction and translation: Sergius Morgulis) (pdf) (pgs. 94-95). Dover, 2003.

External links
‚óŹ Biosphere – Wikipedia.

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