|Two depictions of Ice melting, molecular and visual, described in 1862 by Rudolf Clausius as an increase in the disgregation of the water molecules in ice, a precursor to the later order-disorder views of entropy. |
1. (a) Clausius, Rudolf. (1862). "On the Application of the Theorem of the Equivalence of Transformations to Interior Work." Communicated to the Naturforschende Gesellschaft of Zurich, Jan. 27th, 1862; published in the Viertaljahrschrift of this Society, vol. vii. P. 48; in Poggendorff’s Annalen, May 1862, vol. cxvi. p. 73; in the Philosophical Magazine, S. 4. vol. xxiv. pp. 81, 201; and in the Journal des Mathematiques of Paris, S. 2. vol. vii. P. 209;
(b) Clausius, R. (1865). The Mechanical Theory of Heat – with its Applications to the Steam Engine and to Physical Properties of Bodies (Sixth Memoir, pgs. 215-66). London: John van Voorst, 1 Paternoster Row. MDCCCLXVII.
2. Williams, R.J.P. and da Silva, J.R.R. Frausto. (2008). The Chemistry of Evolution: the Development of our Ecosystem (pg. 80). Elsevier.
● Pellegrino, Emilio M., Ghibaudi, Elena, and Cerruti, Luigi. (2015). “Clausius’ Disgregation: a Conceptual Relic that Sheds Light on the Second Law” (abs), Entropy, 17(7):4500-18.
● Disgregation – Wikipedia.