Famous publications

In science, famous publications are a number of memoirs, books, and textbook that have been instrumental in the development of chemistry and thermodynamics. The following table lists famous core publications particularly germane to the subjects of human chemistry and human thermodynamics. Short articles on selections of these publications are listed in the “Wiki pages” file subsection (adjacent) to this header page; others are listed below.

The following is the work-in-progress list of famous hmolscience-related publications. Highlighted publications indicate pure classic works on human thermodynamics:

Famous Publication

450BCFragments of Aphorisms

by: Empedocles
Introduced the four elements and two force model of everything; wherein, in his chemical aphorisms, friends were said to mix like water and wine, and enemies separate like oil and water.
280BCLetter To Herodotus

by: Epicurus
Gives a nutshell synopsis of his matter + void theory of everything (Ѻ); a staple publication of Thomas Jefferson's philosophy.
75BCOn the Nature of Things (De Rerum Natura)

by: Lucretius
Lucretius (3 volumes, 1947) (Cyril Bailey)Outlined the basics of the atomic theory as developed by Leucippus, Democritus, and Epicurus in which the universe, and humans, are comprised of and worked by the operation of atoms and voids.

The version shown is a 1947 three-volume set comprised of prolegomena, text, translation, and commentary by Cyril Bailey. (Ѻ)

Dark ages
1616Chemical Wedding

by: Johannes Andreae

1620Elements of Chemistry

Herman Boerhaave
Established Boerhaave's law; later used by Lavoisier.
1660 New Experiments: Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring of the Air, and its Effects: Made, for the most part, in a New Pneumatical Engine

by: Robert Boyle
In defense of this publication, found in the 1662 second edition, contains Boyle's law, a forerunner to the ideal gas law.
1686Principia: the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

by: Isaac Newton
PrincipiaEstablished the laws of motion: first law of motion, second law of motion, and third law of motion.
A New Method of Obtaining Very Great Motive Powers at Small Cost

by: Denis Papin
Laid out the designs for the steam engine and described the outline of the Carnot cycle.
"Query 31"

by: Isaac Newton
Seeded the logic of affinity chemistry; used by French chemist Étienne Geoffroy to make the world's first affinity table.
1718 Table of Affinities Between Different Substances

By: Étienne Geoffroy
Geoffroy’s Affinity TablePut the verbal chemical hierarchy reaction power logic of Newton's Query 31 into the form of the world's first affinity table (see: Geoffroy's affinity table).

by: Daniel Bernoulli
Defined pressure and verbally stated the precepts of the ideal gas law.
A Dissertation on Elective Attractions

by: Torbern Bergman
A Dissertation on Elective AttractionsThe founding textbook of chemical affinity; used by Goethe in his human elective afffinity theory.
1777Newton in Senegal

by: Jean Sales
A ridicule of soul-based morality via social Newton logic.
“On Friendship”

by: William Cowper
Described the mixing of courtier and patriot to that of salts with lemon juice, both resulting in an effervescence; one of the first reaction-stylized Empedocles chemical aphorism.
Elements of Chemistry

by: Antoine Lavoisier
Introduced the world, and particularly Sadi Carnot, to caloric theory.
1796Third Lecture on Anatomy

by: Johann Goethe
Discusses chemical affinity for the first time.
1798"An Enquiry Concerning the Source of the Heat which is Excited by Friction"

Benjamin Thomson
Laid question to Lavoisier's caloric theory; thus initiating the postulate of the mechanical equivalent of heat.
Elective Affinities

by: Johann Goethe
Elective Affinities IAD (new)Founded the science of human chemistry by explaining the mechanisms of human relationships, e.g. marriage, friendships, daily work, occupation, and society, etc., in terms the logic of elective affinity (or chemical affinity A) and affinity reactions (chemical reactions).
Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire

by: Sadi Carnot
Initiated the science of thermodynamics with its description of the Carnot cycle.
1829 Calculation of the Effect of Machines

by: Gustave Coriolis
Mathematically defined work and kinetic energy.
1834Memoir on the Motive Power of Fire

by: Émile Clapeyron
Introduced physicists (particularly Thomson and Clausius) to Carnot's Reflections.
1840The Establishment and Development of the Idea of Chemical Affinity

by: William Whewell

c.1845"The Mathematician in Love"

by: William Rankine
Rankine love poem (segment) EddingtonGives the first ever equation of love in proto-thermodynamic terms.
1845On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat

by: James Joule
Established the mechanical equivalent of heat.
1848On an Absolute Thermometric Scale founded on Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat, and Calculated from Regnault’s Observations.”

by: William Thomson
Introduced the absolute temperature scale.
1849An Account of Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat; with Numerical Results Deduced from Regnault’s Experiments on Steam”

by: William Thomson
Introduced Clausius to the difficulties inherent in Carnot's principle.
1850"On the Moving Force of Heat and the Laws of Heat which may be Deduced Therefrom"

by: Rudolf Clausius
Began to lay the foundations for the science of thermodynamics (mechanical theory of heat).
1851On the Dynamical Theory of Heat"

by: William Thomson
Contains the Kelvin-statement of the second law.
1852On a Universal Tendency in Nature to the Dissipation of Mechanical Energy”

by: William Thomson
Introduced dissipation and energy to the lay public; and established the law of dissipation.
1855Force and Matter

by: Ludwig Buchner

1857"On the Nature of the Motion which we call Heat"

by: Rudolf Clausius
Initiated kinetic theory of gases and later the development of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
1859 A Manual of the Steam Engine and Other Prime Movers

by: William Rankine
First textbook on thermodynamics.
1859On the Origin of Species

by: Charles Darwin
Bible vs Darwin 350
Situated the theory of evolution as an upward process.
The Mechanical Theory of Heat

by: Rudolf Clausius
Clausius vs BibleFounded the science of thermodynamics.
1868Philosophical Implications of Thermodynamics

by: Gustave Hirn
First book to address the philosophical ramifications of the newly-formed universal science of thermodynamics; Hirn's work is that to which the term 'human thermodynamics' was first used (1893).
1872"Further Studies on the Thermal Equilibrium of Gas Molecules"

by: Ludwig Boltzmann
Contained the first explicit probabilistic expression, the H-theorem, for the entropy of an ideal gas.
1874The Mathematician in Love

by: William Rankine
A equation of love containing poem about love being a type of thermodynamic potential.
1876On the Equilibrium of Heterogeneous Substances

by: Willard Gibbs
Williard Gibbs (collected works)Founded the science of chemical thermodynamics.
1877 “On a Relation between the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Probabilities”

by: Ludwig Boltzmann
Contains the origins of proportionality equation between S and log W (S = k ln W).
1878A Paradoxical Ode

by: James Maxwell
Maxwell's final private thoughts about the relationship of science and religion, choice and chance, death and eternity.
1881Outline of a Mechanics of Society

by: Eduard Sacher
Outlines of a Mechanics of Society (1881)One of the first explicit “social mechanics” treatises, wherein, based on the work of Robert Mayer and Rudolf Clausius, physics and thermodynamics concepts, such as kinetic energy, the mechanical equivalent of heat, principle of the transmission of work, are used to outline a theory of "rational economics".
1882"The Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes"

by: Hermann Helmholtz
Showed that free energy is the measure of affinity.
1884Studies in Chemical Dynamics

by: Jacobus van't Hoff
Defined affinity as the maximum external work done by the chemical reaction at constant temperature and volume
1886"The Second Law of Thermodynamics"

by: Ludwig Boltzmann
Introduced the life is a struggle for entropy riddle.
1887The Doctrine of Energy

by: Georg Helm
First book to contain a chapter devoted to the application of energetics (and thermodynamics) in sociology and economics.
1888The Will to Power: An Attempt at a Revaluation of All Values

by: Friedrich Nietzsche
A collection of 1067 draft notes aimed, supposedly, at a thermodynamics based reformulation of all values; claimed by some to be the prolegomenon outline of his ideas to his envisioned magnum opus.
1893"The Scientific Work of Gustav Adolph Hirn"

by: Bryan Donkin
The term "human thermodynamics" was coined in it.
“Among the Bards”

by: John Spollon

1895A Project for Scientific Psychology

by: Sigmund Freud
Outlined of a chemical thermodynamics based psychology; the Helmholtz terms 'bound energy' and 'unbound energy' were first employed in a psychological sense.
1898Essay on Social Mechanics

by: Leon Winiarski
Essay on Social Mechanics (1967)The first paper on human chemical thermodynamics; based sociology on the Clausius inequality, according to which “a social aggregate is nothing but a system of points, i.e. individuals, who are in perpetual movement of approaching or withdrawing from one another.”
1899Lessons on Social Movement

by: Maurice Hauriou
Explains large scale social movements, i.e. gross aspects of business, social events, states of a society, etc., in terms of pure thermodynamics, using Carnot efficiency, Mayer's conservation of energy, and Clausius' entropy, etc., discussed in the guise of mechanism and reaction.
1900"The Teaching of Pure Political Economics and Social Mechanics in Switzerland"

by: Leon Winiarski
The first article to outline (and advocate) the teaching of a course on applied thermodynamics in sociology, politics, and economics at the University of Geneva (1894-1900).
1901On the Law of Distribution of Energy in the Normal Spectrum

by: Max Planck
Introduced the “energy element”, launching quantum mechanics, solved the ultraviolet catastrophe, applied Boltzmann’s 1872 H-theorem version of entropy, in the form of S = k log W, to black body radiation, situated the principle of elementary disorder.
1905"Affinity Lecture"

by: Wilhelm Ostwald
Did a Goethe to Gibbs affinity history lecture.
1910Monistic Sunday Sermons

by: Wilhelm Ostwald
A series of 60 plus sermons or lectures on how energy-based monism replaces god-based theism, and the repercussions and details of this view; a type of natural science based atheism Sunday school, so to say, devoid of any supernatural suppositions.
1910A Letter to American Teachers of History

by: Henry Adams
Argued that the teaching of the second law in history courses (history thermodynamics) should be mandatory.
1912The Energetic Imperative

by: Wilhelm Ostwald
Introduced the subject he called "anthropic physics", based on the energetic imperative, translated later into the thermodynamic imperative and the translated rule-of-thumb "waste not free energy" (William Bayliss, 1915)
1912Treatise on General Sociology

by: Vilfredo Pareto
Treatise on General SociologyA "construction of a system of sociology on the model of celestial mechanics, physics, and chemistry."
1914Human Chemistry

by: William Fairburn
First booklet on the science of human chemistry; viewing people as "human chemical elements" with ideas on human entropy, affinities, reactions of individuals, etc.
1914The European War

by: Eugene Roeber
The European War (tight)Gives a chemical engineering view of WWI (28 Jul 1914 – 11 Nov 1918), wherein he stated that WWI was a gigantic chemical reaction governed by the second law, wherein people’s free will becomes like that of the will of “free” ions of dissociation theory; that entropy will increase as the war goes; that the end result will be a new Europe closer to absolute zero of temperature.
Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances

by: Gilbert Lewis
PM Lewis and Randall (1923)Made the obtuse concepts of Gibbs' Equilibrium readily available to the chemists.
1925The Animate and the Inanimate

by: William Sidis
An attempt at a reconciliation of the second law with animated life on the premise of entropy reversal.
1925Elements of Physical Biology

by: Alfred Lotka
Attempted a reversible heat engine deconstruct of systems of interacting evolving biological species.
1927"Transmission of Information"

by: Ralph Hartley
Introduced the logarithmic model H = n \log s \,for information, where H is the amount of information associated with n selections of s possible signals (0s or 1s).
1929On the Decrease in Entropy in a Thermodynamic System by the Intervention of Intelligent Beings

Leo Szilard
Disposed of Maxwell's demon via showing that the information collection abilities of the demon would require energy.
Modern Thermodynamics by the Methods of Willard Gibbs

by: Edward Guggenheim
The second book to distill Gibbs' Equilibrium.
1938Man on His Nature

by: Charles Sherrington
Man on His NatureParlay into the defunct theory of life position.
1938The Phenomenon of Man

by: Pierre Teilhard
Attempts a reconciliation synthesis of evolution, the second law, consciousness, and religion.
1941Metabolic Generation and Utilization of Phosphate Bond Energy

by: Fritz Lipmann
Presented the theory of free energy coupling in the context of phosphate bond energy use.
1941The Story of the Contented Molecule

by: Quaker State Motor Oil
Empedocles-style children's parable.
1944What is Life?

Erwin Schrödinger
Introduced the lay world to the simplified postulate that life is something that "feeds on negative entropy".
1948We Human Chemicals

by: Thomas Dreier
A "soft" storyteller like version human chemistry and how people are chemicals who react together in various ways.
The Next Million Years

by: C.G. Darwin
The first book to use the terms "human molecule" and "human thermodynamics" in one theory
1955It’s a Chemical Reaction, That’s All

By: Cole Porter
A song, based on the "love is a chemical reaction" scene from the 1939 film Ninotchka, turned Broadway musical, turned MGM film Silk Stockings, themed on during the lead female character states that a leading Russian scientist has “proved that physical attraction is purely electrochemical”, that she has worked for 30-years on this proof, concluding in the end that this is a fact of science and “facts are facts”, after which the following song ensues:

When the electromagnetic of the he-male
Meets the electromagnetic of the female,
If right away she should say, "This is the male!"
It's a chemical reaction, that's all.
1956Thermodynamics of Humans

by: Mehdi Bazargan
One of the first books to describe human existence and function using thermodynamics formulations.
1956“The Thermodynamic Activity of the Male Housefly”

by: Kaj Lang
A spoof article on anyone who cited Schrodinger's What is Life, scaled up to the fly level, and or Alfred Lotka stylized physical chemistry methods applied at the insect to animal interaction scale.
1957"Free Energies of Formation from the Elements" in: Energy Transformations in Living Matter (by: Hans Krebs and Hans Kornberg)

by: Keith Burton
Lists free energy of formation values ΔGfº for about 100 bioorganic species of biochemical reactions, able to make predictions on reactions that had not yet occurred.
1971Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real World

by: Frederick Rossini
Chemical Thermodynamics in the Real WorldArgued, using the combined law and equilibrium constant, that the interplay between enthalpy and entropy explains the paradox between freedom and security in society.
1971The Entropy Law

by: Nicholas Georgescu
Introduced entropy to the economists.
1972"Thermodynamics of Evolution"

by: Ilya Prigogine, Gregoire Nicolis, Agnes Babloyantz
An attempt at a nonequilibrium thermodynamics explanation of evolution.
1977Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems: From Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuations

by: Ilya Prigogine and Gregoire Nicolis,
Introduced the world to the view that life is a far-from-equilibrium dissipative structure.
1978"On the Thermodynamics of Biological Evolution"

by: Georgi Gladyshev
Outlined a Gibbsian thermodynamics view of evolution.
1979"The Social Thermodynamics of Ilya Prigogine"

by: Wil Lepkowski
One of the first articles devoted to the prospect of using thermodynamics to understand social processes.
1984Order Out of Chaos

Ilya Prigogine and Isabelle Stengers
Introduced the lay world to the dissipative structure” theory of bifurcations and fluctuations.
1987New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behavior

by: Mirza Beg
Beg cover (labeled) new 3
The first basic textbook on explicit physicochemical sociology; albeit corrupted to some extent via the implicit assumption that Gibbs energy, the driving force of change, is the will of Allah.
1987Goethe’s Elective Affinity and the Chemistry of its Time

by: Jeremy Adler
The first book to attempt to unravel the chemists and affinity chemistry behind human chemical reaction theory of Goethe's Elective Affinities.
1992"Human Molecules"

by: Alan Nelson
Established the postulate that "economic agents" should be considered as "human molecules", according to which concepts from thermodynamics should apply.
Thermodynamic Theory of the Evolution of Living Beings

by: Georgi Gladyshev
The first book to explain evolution via changes in Gibbs free energy.
In Defense of Thermodynamics: an Animate Analogy”

by: Sture Nordholm
Outlined the subject of "animate thermodynamics", the thermodynamics of animate matter and the animate world.
1998Human Societies: a Curious Application of Thermodynamics”

by: Erich Muller
Human Societies (Muller, 1998)Prototype article for the 2005 launching of the Journal of Human Thermodynamics; the Muller dispersion force and Muller stability ratio are based on this paper.
2000 “The Physics of Relationships”

by: Christopher Hirata

2001"The Thermodynamics of Love"

by: David Hwang
A lighthearted discussion on the Gibbsian thermodynamics of human relationships from a human chemical reaction point of view.
2001Humans, All Too Chemical

by: Kaspar Bott

2002Chemistry in the Work of Goethe

by: Volker Wiskamp

2002Ecological Stoichiometry: the Biology of the Elements from Molecules to the Biosphere

by: Robert Sterner and James Elser
Contains first published calculation for the human molecular formula for a human molecule; i.e. the Sterner-Elser human molecular formula:

2004"Chemical Affinity in 1806"

by: Tominaga Keii
Chapter sub-section which discusses Goethe's human elective affinities in the context of modern chemical thermodynamics.
Human Chemistry (ch. 16: Human Thermodynamics)

by: Libb Thims
Human Chemistry (annotated)The first textbook on human chemistry (ch. 16: human thermodynamics); expounding on the view of systems of humans as Carnot cycle driven thermodynamic systems of chemically reactive human molecules.
2008The Human Molecule

by: Libb Thims
Reality (The Human Molecule)The first book on the history of the concept of the "human molecule" the central component of a human thermodynamic system.

The photo shown is a screenshot of an Issuu.com stack of books on "reality" in which Thims' The Human Molecule is one of the top 39 books on the subject of what is real.
2009Wealth, Energy, and Human Values: the Dynamics of Decaying Civilizations from Ancient Greece to America

by: Thomas Wallace
Applies physical chemistry logic, i.e. reactions, dynamics, mechanisms, transition states, etc., to the explanation of the historical growth and decline of civilizations, using concepts such as reaction equations, A + B → C + D, Le Chatelier’s principle, and most importantly the Gibbs equation, ΔG = ΔH – TΔS, which, as he says, 'determines whether processes conducted by society will take place'.

Among these, the 1923 textbook Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances, by American physical chemists Gilbert Lewis and Merle Randall, has been called "the world's most quoted scientific book" and among schools of thermodynamics it is the core book of the Lewis school. In the reference section to thermodynamics books and textbooks it is the certainly the most referenced [1]

In mechanical engineering community, it is the view of the MIT school of thermodynamics, particularly according to Italian engineer Gian Beretta, that the 1965 Principles of General Thermodynamics by George Hatsopoulos and Joseph Keenan is more referenced than that of Lewis and Randall. [2]

In the physics community, the 1985 textbook Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics by American physicist Herbert Callen is very popular and is likely the most-referenced modern statistical thermodynamics book. [3] Other famous publications having a direct bearing or influence on human thermodynamics are listed below. Of these, Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger's 1944 book What is Life? is one of the most references thermodynamics book in the non-thermodynamics community.

See also
Famous publications by age
Most-referenced thermodynamics publication

1. (a) Angrist, Stanley W. and Helper, Loren G. (1967). Order and Chaos – Laws of Energy and Entropy, (pg. 27: "most quoted"). New York: Basic Books.
(b) The "most-referenced" book in the reference sections of all of the books in American chemical engineer Libb Thims' 200+ thermodynamics book collection is Lewis and Randall's Thermodynamics.
2. Email communication between Gian Beretta and Libb Thims in circa 2006.
3. (a) Note: the popularity of the 1985 Herbert Callen textbook Thermodynamics and an Introduction to Thermostatistics, the second edition to the 1960 textbook Thermodynamics: an Introduction to the Physical Theories of Equilibrium Thermostatics and Irreversible Thermodynamics, is due in large part to the popularity of Callen’s 1951 paper “Irreversibility and Generalized Noise”, written with Ted A. Welton, which by 1955 had become a “citation classic”, having been cited in over 370 publications.
(b) Staff writer. (1985). “This Week’s Citation Classic”, Current Contents, No. 1, Jan. 07.

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